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It takes two to tango, How investments in Reproductive health can reduce poverty - emphasizing the male side of the gender equation

Hokander, Jennie (2006)
Department of Economics
Abstract
The aim of this thesis is to explore how Reproductive Health can contribute to development and poverty reduction, looking at non-medical and gender aspects. As poverty is both a cause and consequence of ill-health, investments in Reproductive Health are highly relevant for economic development and poverty alleviation in especially the developing countries. Investments save and improve lives, slow the spread of HIV/AIDS and promote gender equality, which stabilise population growth and reduce poverty. The male-dominated gender-relations affect especially the decision-making at the household level, which has serious consequences for the women who are least able to influence decisions. Due to the extent of market failures in the field, mainly... (More)
The aim of this thesis is to explore how Reproductive Health can contribute to development and poverty reduction, looking at non-medical and gender aspects. As poverty is both a cause and consequence of ill-health, investments in Reproductive Health are highly relevant for economic development and poverty alleviation in especially the developing countries. Investments save and improve lives, slow the spread of HIV/AIDS and promote gender equality, which stabilise population growth and reduce poverty. The male-dominated gender-relations affect especially the decision-making at the household level, which has serious consequences for the women who are least able to influence decisions. Due to the extent of market failures in the field, mainly caused by externalities, government intervention is argued for. The thesis focuses on social benefits that result from highly cost-effective strategies of prevention, exploring three key intervention areas: family planning, maternal health care and HIV/AIDS. Men and the male role are highlighted through strategies of Male involvement in the key interventions. This essay points out that Male involvement offers potential to improve the quality of investments and reach gender equality. Key words: Reproductive Health, Poverty reduction, Gender, Male involvement and Government intervention (Less)
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@misc{1335440,
  abstract     = {The aim of this thesis is to explore how Reproductive Health can contribute to development and poverty reduction, looking at non-medical and gender aspects. As poverty is both a cause and consequence of ill-health, investments in Reproductive Health are highly relevant for economic development and poverty alleviation in especially the developing countries. Investments save and improve lives, slow the spread of HIV/AIDS and promote gender equality, which stabilise population growth and reduce poverty. The male-dominated gender-relations affect especially the decision-making at the household level, which has serious consequences for the women who are least able to influence decisions. Due to the extent of market failures in the field, mainly caused by externalities, government intervention is argued for. The thesis focuses on social benefits that result from highly cost-effective strategies of prevention, exploring three key intervention areas: family planning, maternal health care and HIV/AIDS. Men and the male role are highlighted through strategies of Male involvement in the key interventions. This essay points out that Male involvement offers potential to improve the quality of investments and reach gender equality. Key words: Reproductive Health, Poverty reduction, Gender, Male involvement and Government intervention},
  author       = {Hokander, Jennie},
  keyword      = {gender,poverty reduction,Reproductive Health,Male involvement,Government intervention,Economics, econometrics, economic theory, economic systems, economic policy,Nationalekonomi, ekonometri, ekonomisk teori, ekonomiska system, ekonomisk politik},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {It takes two to tango, How investments in Reproductive health can reduce poverty - emphasizing the male side of the gender equation},
  year         = {2006},
}