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Climate Change and Performance of Small Reservoirs in the Upper East Region of Ghana

Mbinji, Joseph LU (2010) MIDM70 20101
LUMID International Master programme in applied International Development and Management
Abstract
Increasing evidence on impacts from climate change an variability, suggests that poor rural communities in semi-arid sub-Saharan Africa need to adapt in order to reduce effects on their livelihoods. In semi-arid areas characterized by high poverty, small reservoirs even though most of them are performing below average, act as important assets that support a wide range of livelihoods. However, in the face of climate change and variability it is not clear how and to what extent the performance of small reservoir systems is affected.

A lot of studies have been done on the issues of climate change and performance of small reservoirs. However, this literature has not strongly linked the two issues making it difficult to understand how... (More)
Increasing evidence on impacts from climate change an variability, suggests that poor rural communities in semi-arid sub-Saharan Africa need to adapt in order to reduce effects on their livelihoods. In semi-arid areas characterized by high poverty, small reservoirs even though most of them are performing below average, act as important assets that support a wide range of livelihoods. However, in the face of climate change and variability it is not clear how and to what extent the performance of small reservoir systems is affected.

A lot of studies have been done on the issues of climate change and performance of small reservoirs. However, this literature has not strongly linked the two issues making it difficult to understand how climate change and variability affects performance of these water systems. In addition, there is also limited literature documenting what adaptation strategies communities using small reservoir use to adapt to climate change and variability.

This study attempts to answer these questions using a multiple-case study of two contrasting small reservoirs involving a well and poorly performing reservoir in the Upper East Region of Ghana. The study revealed that the unprecedented levels of benefits associated with small reservoirs in rural areas are greatly threatened by increasing climate change events such as floods, droughts and increasing temperatures.

Climate change and variability was found to affect the multiple uses of the reservoirs, with irrigation being the most affected and threatened. Although the communities showed an array of adaptation measures to the harsh environment; water management strategies that should help enhance the communities adaptive capacity to climate change and variability are inadequate and ineffective.

Therefore, reducing the effects of climate change and variability on the performance of small reservoirs and increasing the adaptation in communities, calls for adaptive water management strategies and integrated approaches in the management of small reservoirs. These strategies should focus on strengthening enforcement of institutional arrangements for using small reservoirs; effective resource mobilization and maintenance of reservoir infrastructure; and efficient and more improved water and land management. (Less)
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author
Mbinji, Joseph LU
supervisor
organization
course
MIDM70 20101
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Small reservoirs, Climate change, Adaptation, Performance, Upper East Region of Ghana
language
English
id
1607383
date added to LUP
2010-11-09 14:31:58
date last changed
2011-01-21 13:50:21
@misc{1607383,
  abstract     = {Increasing evidence on impacts from climate change an variability, suggests that poor rural communities in semi-arid sub-Saharan Africa need to adapt in order to reduce effects on their livelihoods. In semi-arid areas characterized by high poverty, small reservoirs even though most of them are performing below average, act as important assets that support a wide range of livelihoods. However, in the face of climate change and variability it is not clear how and to what extent the performance of small reservoir systems is affected.

A lot of studies have been done on the issues of climate change and performance of small reservoirs. However, this literature has not strongly linked the two issues making it difficult to understand how climate change and variability affects performance of these water systems. In addition, there is also limited literature documenting what adaptation strategies communities using small reservoir use to adapt to climate change and variability. 

This study attempts to answer these questions using a multiple-case study of two contrasting small reservoirs involving a well and poorly performing reservoir in the Upper East Region of Ghana. The study revealed that the unprecedented levels of benefits associated with small reservoirs in rural areas are greatly threatened by increasing climate change events such as floods, droughts and increasing temperatures. 

Climate change and variability was found to affect the multiple uses of the reservoirs, with irrigation being the most affected and threatened. Although the communities showed an array of adaptation measures to the harsh environment; water management strategies that should help enhance the communities adaptive capacity to climate change and variability are inadequate and ineffective. 

Therefore, reducing the effects of climate change and variability on the performance of small reservoirs and increasing the adaptation in communities, calls for adaptive water management strategies and integrated approaches in the management of small reservoirs. These strategies should focus on strengthening enforcement of institutional arrangements for using small reservoirs; effective resource mobilization and maintenance of reservoir infrastructure; and efficient and more improved water and land management.},
  author       = {Mbinji, Joseph},
  keyword      = {Small reservoirs,Climate change,Adaptation,Performance,Upper East   Region of Ghana},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Climate Change and Performance of Small Reservoirs in the Upper East Region of Ghana},
  year         = {2010},
}