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Hospitalsklovnen : mødet med en klovn i et hospitalsmiljø

Birkmand, Ann Barbara LU (2010) ETNK01 20101
Division of Ethnology
Abstract (Danish)
Syftet med denne undersøgelse er primært at observere og senere beskrive, belyse og perspektivere mødet mellem hospitalsklovn og henholdsvis yngre børn, deres forældre samt ældre børn, der er indlagt på hospitalet for en begrænset periode: Hvordan møder klovnen barnet og hvordan møder barnet (og forældrene) klovnen?

Sekundært har jeg observeret og belyst, hvordan hospitalets rationelle og naturvidenskabelige forhold til verden møder klovnens irrationelle og følelsesmæssige tilgang til livet.

Dette er en kvalitativ undersøgelse. Med udgangspunkt i fænomenologien har jeg skabt hovedparten af mit materiale selv ved hjælp af den etnografiske metode via et feltarbejde baseret primært på observationer og sekundært interviews. Nogle af de... (More)
Syftet med denne undersøgelse er primært at observere og senere beskrive, belyse og perspektivere mødet mellem hospitalsklovn og henholdsvis yngre børn, deres forældre samt ældre børn, der er indlagt på hospitalet for en begrænset periode: Hvordan møder klovnen barnet og hvordan møder barnet (og forældrene) klovnen?

Sekundært har jeg observeret og belyst, hvordan hospitalets rationelle og naturvidenskabelige forhold til verden møder klovnens irrationelle og følelsesmæssige tilgang til livet.

Dette er en kvalitativ undersøgelse. Med udgangspunkt i fænomenologien har jeg skabt hovedparten af mit materiale selv ved hjælp af den etnografiske metode via et feltarbejde baseret primært på observationer og sekundært interviews. Nogle af de centrale træk ved fænomenologien er åbenhed, værdi- og fordomsfrihed i forhold til fænomenet – i dette tilfælde selve mødet mellem mennesker og klovnefigur. Efter mit feltarbejde, vil jeg påstå, at gestaltning, spejling og forløsning af følelser samt nærvær er nogle af de vigtigste faktorer, når hospitalsklovnen møder børnene; humor og performance sekundært. Klovnen arbejder ud fra en fornemmelse, intuition samt en empati, som bevæger og rører den enkelte patient, men som ikke kan måles eller bevises. Klovnen åbner et rum, hvor barnet kan udleve nogle følelser; og dem er der mange af på en hospitalsafdeling. Spørgsmålet er, hvor meget denne subjektive påstand vejer i forhold den traditionelle målbare videnskab. (Less)
Abstract
The main purpose of this study is to observe and consequently describe and provide a perspective on the meeting and interaction between the hospital clown and younger children, their parents and respectively older children, hospitalized for a limited period: How does the clown interact with the child and how does the child (and the parents) interact and engage with the clown?

In addition, I have observed how the rational and scientific approach of the hospital interacts with the irrational and emotional approach of the clown.

The applied methodology of the study is qualitative and founded on the principles of Phenomenology. By applying the ethnographic method, the majority of the data has been collected by the author during field... (More)
The main purpose of this study is to observe and consequently describe and provide a perspective on the meeting and interaction between the hospital clown and younger children, their parents and respectively older children, hospitalized for a limited period: How does the clown interact with the child and how does the child (and the parents) interact and engage with the clown?

In addition, I have observed how the rational and scientific approach of the hospital interacts with the irrational and emotional approach of the clown.

The applied methodology of the study is qualitative and founded on the principles of Phenomenology. By applying the ethnographic method, the majority of the data has been collected by the author during field studies including mainly observations and partly interviews. Certain key features of the Phenomenology are openness and the absence of personal values and preconceptions in regards to the phenomenon - in this case the meeting and interaction between individuals and the clown. Having completed my field studies, it is my claim that conformation (svensk: gestaltning), reflection, and redemption of sentiments and close presence are key issues in the interaction between children and the clown; humour and performance are less pronounced and less important. The clown works from a sense, an intuition and an empathy that affects the individual patient, but is difficult to measure or prove. The clown provides a space where the child can express its sentiments and feelings – of which there are many when hospitalized. However, the question remains how this subjective claim contests the traditional and measurable science. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Birkmand, Ann Barbara LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
The Hospital Clown : Meeting And Interaction Between Individuals And The Clown
course
ETNK01 20101
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
etnologi, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, børn, hospitalsklovn, etnografi, fænomenologi
language
Danish
id
1692819
date added to LUP
2010-10-19 14:06:09
date last changed
2010-10-19 14:06:09
@misc{1692819,
  abstract     = {The main purpose of this study is to observe and consequently describe and provide a perspective on the meeting and interaction between the hospital clown and younger children, their parents and respectively older children, hospitalized for a limited period: How does the clown interact with the child and how does the child (and the parents) interact and engage with the clown?

In addition, I have observed how the rational and scientific approach of the hospital interacts with the irrational and emotional approach of the clown.

The applied methodology of the study is qualitative and founded on the principles of Phenomenology. By applying the ethnographic method, the majority of the data has been collected by the author during field studies including mainly observations and partly interviews. Certain key features of the Phenomenology are openness and the absence of personal values and preconceptions in regards to the phenomenon - in this case the meeting and interaction between individuals and the clown. Having completed my field studies, it is my claim that conformation (svensk: gestaltning), reflection, and redemption of sentiments and close presence are key issues in the interaction between children and the clown; humour and performance are less pronounced and less important. The clown works from a sense, an intuition and an empathy that affects the individual patient, but is difficult to measure or prove. The clown provides a space where the child can express its sentiments and feelings – of which there are many when hospitalized. However, the question remains how this subjective claim contests the traditional and measurable science.},
  author       = {Birkmand, Ann Barbara},
  keyword      = {etnologi,Maurice Merleau-Ponty,børn,hospitalsklovn,etnografi,fænomenologi},
  language     = {dan},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Hospitalsklovnen : mødet med en klovn i et hospitalsmiljø},
  year         = {2010},
}