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Pornography - a Social Norm : a Human Rights Approach to Reflections on the Indonesian Pornography Legislation of Women in Prostitution

Ebintra, Emma LU (2011) MRSM01 20102
Human Rights Studies
Abstract
The pornography legislation in Indonesia does not only present criteria for limiting pornographic images and motion pictures, it also prohibits movements and sounds considered to contain pornographic content. The purpose of this study is to shed light upon six Indonesian women in prostitution’s reflections on what the term ‘pornography’ means to them, the pornography legislation and the normative system it withholds. This study revealed that a norm building has occurred, based on already existing norms of motherhood, which during the New Order era became an ideology, ‘ibuism’ in Indonesia. The interviewees positioned themselves in relation to ‘others’, using two metaphors exposing the difference in their own experiences. They became the... (More)
The pornography legislation in Indonesia does not only present criteria for limiting pornographic images and motion pictures, it also prohibits movements and sounds considered to contain pornographic content. The purpose of this study is to shed light upon six Indonesian women in prostitution’s reflections on what the term ‘pornography’ means to them, the pornography legislation and the normative system it withholds. This study revealed that a norm building has occurred, based on already existing norms of motherhood, which during the New Order era became an ideology, ‘ibuism’ in Indonesia. The interviewees positioned themselves in relation to ‘others’, using two metaphors exposing the difference in their own experiences. They became the ‘other woman’ in opposition to the ‘proper woman’. These women felt they were becoming the culprits of pornography due to the pornography legislation criminalising their bodies. In the study this became seen as a pattern of domination and oppression strongly supporting the contention that this regulation is against human rights. For a legislation to be just it needs to be free from discrimination against citizens and furthermore the society needs to be part of its creation. (Less)
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author
Ebintra, Emma LU
supervisor
organization
course
MRSM01 20102
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Oppression, Domination, Human Rights, Nationalism, Women in Prostitution, New Order, Motherhood, Ibuism, Pornography, Indonesia, Exclusion, Inclusion
language
English
id
1759586
date added to LUP
2011-02-10 20:15:54
date last changed
2014-09-04 08:27:55
@misc{1759586,
  abstract     = {The pornography legislation in Indonesia does not only present criteria for limiting pornographic images and motion pictures, it also prohibits movements and sounds considered to contain pornographic content.  The purpose of this study is to shed light upon six Indonesian women in prostitution’s reflections on what the term ‘pornography’ means to them, the pornography legislation and the normative system it withholds. This study revealed that a norm building has occurred, based on already existing norms of motherhood, which during the New Order era became an ideology, ‘ibuism’ in Indonesia. The interviewees positioned themselves in relation to ‘others’, using two metaphors exposing the difference in their own experiences. They became the ‘other woman’ in opposition to the ‘proper woman’. These women felt they were becoming the culprits of pornography due to the pornography legislation criminalising their bodies. In the study this became seen as a pattern of domination and oppression strongly supporting the contention that this regulation is against human rights. For a legislation to be just it needs to be free from discrimination against citizens and furthermore the society needs to be part of its creation.},
  author       = {Ebintra, Emma},
  keyword      = {Oppression,Domination,Human Rights,Nationalism,Women in Prostitution,New Order,Motherhood,Ibuism,Pornography,Indonesia,Exclusion,Inclusion},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Pornography - a Social Norm : a Human Rights Approach to Reflections on the Indonesian Pornography Legislation of Women in Prostitution},
  year         = {2011},
}