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Cultural differences in an evacuation scenario - A study comparing Australian and Swedish responses

Andrée, Kristin and Eriksson, Beatrice (2008) In LUTVDG/TVBB--5253--SE
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Fire Protection Engineering 3,5 years
Division of Risk Management and Societal Safety
Abstract
Experimental fire drills were conducted in Sweden and Australia to investigate if culture has an influence on human behaviour in evacuation scenarios. The studied variables of interest were the participants’ association to the fire alarm, their feelings during the event, premovement time and group behaviour. Seven fire drills were conducted in Sweden and six in Australia during regular tutorials at universities. The participants were a total of 257 university students of both sexes. Questionnaires, video recordings and semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. The conclusions were that the Australians interpreted
the fire alarm as more serious than the Swedish students both regarding their associations to the alarm and... (More)
Experimental fire drills were conducted in Sweden and Australia to investigate if culture has an influence on human behaviour in evacuation scenarios. The studied variables of interest were the participants’ association to the fire alarm, their feelings during the event, premovement time and group behaviour. Seven fire drills were conducted in Sweden and six in Australia during regular tutorials at universities. The participants were a total of 257 university students of both sexes. Questionnaires, video recordings and semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. The conclusions were that the Australians interpreted
the fire alarm as more serious than the Swedish students both regarding their associations to the alarm and also how they felt during the fire drill. There was no significant difference
between the two countries for the pre-movement time and group behaviour. More data would increase the reliability of the conclusions. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Andrée, Kristin and Eriksson, Beatrice
supervisor
organization
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Utrymning, Brandlarm, Australien, Sverige, Tvärkulturell studie, Beslut- och reaktionstid, Associationer, Gruppbeteende, Kulturella skillnader, Nödsituation, Brand
publication/series
LUTVDG/TVBB--5253--SE
report number
5253
ISSN
1402-3504
language
Swedish
id
1767619
date added to LUP
2011-01-25 09:58:21
date last changed
2014-03-10 10:40:36
@misc{1767619,
  abstract     = {Experimental fire drills were conducted in Sweden and Australia to investigate if culture has an influence on human behaviour in evacuation scenarios. The studied variables of interest were the participants’ association to the fire alarm, their feelings during the event, premovement time and group behaviour. Seven fire drills were conducted in Sweden and six in Australia during regular tutorials at universities. The participants were a total of 257 university students of both sexes. Questionnaires, video recordings and semi-structured interviews were used to collect the data. The conclusions were that the Australians interpreted
the fire alarm as more serious than the Swedish students both regarding their associations to the alarm and also how they felt during the fire drill. There was no significant difference
between the two countries for the pre-movement time and group behaviour. More data would increase the reliability of the conclusions.},
  author       = {Andrée, Kristin and Eriksson, Beatrice},
  issn         = {1402-3504},
  keyword      = {Utrymning,Brandlarm,Australien,Sverige,Tvärkulturell studie,Beslut- och reaktionstid,Associationer,Gruppbeteende,Kulturella skillnader,Nödsituation,Brand},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB--5253--SE},
  title        = {Cultural differences in an evacuation scenario - A study comparing Australian and Swedish responses},
  year         = {2008},
}