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THE NETHERLANDS AND FOREIGN TRADE EMBODIED ENERGY: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL AND TECHNICAL EFFECTS

De Graaf, Rutger Armand Willem LU (2011) EKHR21 20111
Department of Economic History
Abstract (Swedish)
This thesis examines whether there exists any causal relationship between foreign trade and declining energy intensity in the Netherlands. In other words, does the Netherlands outsource its energy intense industries to less developed countries rather than solve them internally? No significant causal relationships is found between international trade and declining energy intensity, since the Netherlands has long been a net exporter of embodied energy and continued to be so until 2005. In addition, the ratios of net exported energy to total consumption are increasing, which means that international trade counteracted with the decline of energy intensity. These results suggest that internal forces like efficiency and technical improvements,... (More)
This thesis examines whether there exists any causal relationship between foreign trade and declining energy intensity in the Netherlands. In other words, does the Netherlands outsource its energy intense industries to less developed countries rather than solve them internally? No significant causal relationships is found between international trade and declining energy intensity, since the Netherlands has long been a net exporter of embodied energy and continued to be so until 2005. In addition, the ratios of net exported energy to total consumption are increasing, which means that international trade counteracted with the decline of energy intensity. These results suggest that internal forces like efficiency and technical improvements, changed consumption patterns and transformation of the energy system, have been crucial for the decline in energy intensity in the Netherland, while foreign trade has played a negative role. (Less)
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author
De Graaf, Rutger Armand Willem LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHR21 20111
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Keywords: Energy, Foreign trade, Environmental Kuznets Curve, Dematerialization, Energy intensity
language
English
id
1971791
date added to LUP
2011-08-09 11:37:19
date last changed
2011-08-09 11:37:19
@misc{1971791,
  abstract     = {This thesis examines whether there exists any causal relationship between foreign trade and declining energy intensity in the Netherlands. In other words, does the Netherlands outsource its energy intense industries to less developed countries rather than solve them internally? No significant causal relationships is found between international trade and declining energy intensity, since the Netherlands has long been a net exporter of embodied energy and continued to be so until 2005. In addition, the ratios of net exported energy to total consumption are increasing, which means that international trade counteracted with the decline of energy intensity. These results suggest that internal forces like efficiency and technical improvements, changed consumption patterns and transformation of the energy system, have been crucial for the decline in energy intensity in the Netherland, while foreign trade has played a negative role.},
  author       = {De Graaf, Rutger Armand Willem},
  keyword      = {Keywords: Energy,Foreign trade,Environmental Kuznets Curve,Dematerialization,Energy intensity},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {THE NETHERLANDS AND FOREIGN TRADE EMBODIED ENERGY: A DECOMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL AND TECHNICAL EFFECTS},
  year         = {2011},
}