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Inequality of Opportunity Determinants of Access to Education – With a Special Focus on Income Inequality

Olsson, Johanna LU (2011) NEKM01 20111
Department of Economics
Abstract (Swedish)
In this study the concept of inequality of opportunity is applied to access to education and investigation is made over what determines this. A particular focus is set on income inequality and the role it plays for access to education. Several hypotheses regarding the relationship between income inequality and inequality in education, used as a proxy for access to education, can be thought of. Four hypotheses are presented in this study however there is no consensus regarding the sign of the investigated relationship.

This relation is empirically investigated in a cross-section analysis covering 64 countries. This study applies a model in which the change is used in both the dependent and the independent variable. The changes are... (More)
In this study the concept of inequality of opportunity is applied to access to education and investigation is made over what determines this. A particular focus is set on income inequality and the role it plays for access to education. Several hypotheses regarding the relationship between income inequality and inequality in education, used as a proxy for access to education, can be thought of. Four hypotheses are presented in this study however there is no consensus regarding the sign of the investigated relationship.

This relation is empirically investigated in a cross-section analysis covering 64 countries. This study applies a model in which the change is used in both the dependent and the independent variable. The changes are derived over the period 1975-1995 for income inequality and 1980-2000 for education inequality. Hopefully, as this method mitigates the otherwise not uncommon problem of endogeneity, the result will to a larger extent be able to give indication of a casual relationship.

Ultimately this study shows that in a simple model-specification a positive relation between income inequality and education inequality is found. However, as the model is extended to include control variables both the significance and magnitude of the relationship decreases. The control variables included in the model, initial GDP per capital level, initial education inequality, urbanization and the change in average years of education are however statistical significant. (Less)
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author
Olsson, Johanna LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKM01 20111
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Access to education, inequality in education, inequality in income, inequality of opportunity, empirical analysis
language
English
id
1973861
date added to LUP
2011-06-16 14:59:52
date last changed
2011-06-16 14:59:52
@misc{1973861,
  abstract     = {In this study the concept of inequality of opportunity is applied to access to education and investigation is made over what determines this. A particular focus is set on income inequality and the role it plays for access to education. Several hypotheses regarding the relationship between income inequality and inequality in education, used as a proxy for access to education, can be thought of. Four hypotheses are presented in this study however there is no consensus regarding the sign of the investigated relationship.    

This relation is empirically investigated in a cross-section analysis covering 64 countries. This study applies a model in which the change is used in both the dependent and the independent variable. The changes are derived over the period 1975-1995 for income inequality and 1980-2000 for education inequality. Hopefully, as this method mitigates the otherwise not uncommon problem of endogeneity, the result will to a larger extent be able to give indication of a casual relationship. 

Ultimately this study shows that in a simple model-specification a positive relation between income inequality and education inequality is found. However, as the model is extended to include control variables both the significance and magnitude of the relationship decreases. The control variables included in the model, initial GDP per capital level, initial education inequality, urbanization and the change in average years of education  are however statistical significant.},
  author       = {Olsson, Johanna},
  keyword      = {Access to education,inequality in education,inequality in income,inequality of opportunity,empirical analysis},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Inequality of Opportunity Determinants of Access to Education – With a Special Focus on Income Inequality},
  year         = {2011},
}