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Access to Essential Medicines and Intellectual Property Protection in the Context of Neglected Tropical Diseases

Moroz, Olena LU (2011) JAMM05 20111
Department of Law
Abstract
Fundamental human rights belong to everyone by virtue of humanity and any inequalities are inacceptable. Human rights do not distinguish human beings according to their economic welfare, geographic location or health status. Every person is entitled to enjoy human rights whereas every government is required to ensure adequate realization of these rights. Human rights should outline and guide states’ activities. The execution and enforceability of other states’ obligations should be framed according to human rights needs.
Neglected tropical diseases affecting poor communities of developing countries involve serious violations of international human rights standards. And the improvement of health situation is an issue of extreme urgency.... (More)
Fundamental human rights belong to everyone by virtue of humanity and any inequalities are inacceptable. Human rights do not distinguish human beings according to their economic welfare, geographic location or health status. Every person is entitled to enjoy human rights whereas every government is required to ensure adequate realization of these rights. Human rights should outline and guide states’ activities. The execution and enforceability of other states’ obligations should be framed according to human rights needs.
Neglected tropical diseases affecting poor communities of developing countries involve serious violations of international human rights standards. And the improvement of health situation is an issue of extreme urgency. Not only governments of poor states should act but other states and non-state actors are obliged to assist and cooperate in order to overcome health troubles. The development and production of essential medicines should benefit everyone. The power of pharmaceutical sector to influence health and lives of millions of people due to their business choices should be constrained by human rights responsibility.
Under the pressure of the public, media, the incentives provided by governments, international organizations pharmaceutical sector has turned its attention towards neglected tropical diseases. Although the success is slow, the most crucial thing is that global community has comprehended the problem and tries to solve it. Since the main problem to be solved is the lack of access to essential medicines, the major attention should be paid to the ways to facilitate this access. In circumstances of strengthened intellectual property protection and harmonized regime of patenting of pharmaceuticals it is worth trying to identify the role of intellectual property in access to essential drugs, its influence on the realization of fundamental human rights, the relationship between private economic interests and public health needs. This thesis touches the mentioned above questions and discusses whether intellectual property can be helpful in the improvement of the right to access to drugs. (Less)
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author
Moroz, Olena LU
supervisor
organization
course
JAMM05 20111
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
English
id
1973986
date added to LUP
2011-09-21 13:39:41
date last changed
2011-09-21 13:39:41
@misc{1973986,
  abstract     = {Fundamental human rights belong to everyone by virtue of humanity and any inequalities are inacceptable. Human rights do not distinguish human beings according to their economic welfare, geographic location or health status. Every person is entitled to enjoy human rights whereas every government is required to ensure adequate realization of these rights. Human rights should outline and guide states’ activities.  The execution and enforceability of other states’ obligations should be framed according to human rights needs.  
Neglected tropical diseases affecting poor communities of developing countries involve serious violations of international human rights standards. And the improvement of health situation is an issue of extreme urgency. Not only governments of poor states should act but other states and non-state actors are obliged to assist and cooperate in order to overcome health troubles. The development and production of essential medicines should benefit everyone. The power of pharmaceutical sector to influence health and lives of millions of people due to their business choices should be constrained by human rights responsibility. 
Under the pressure of the public, media, the incentives provided by governments, international organizations pharmaceutical sector has turned its attention towards neglected tropical diseases. Although the success is slow, the most crucial thing is that global community has comprehended the problem and tries to solve it. Since the main problem to be solved is the lack of access to essential medicines, the major attention should be paid to the ways to facilitate this access. In circumstances of strengthened intellectual property protection and harmonized regime of patenting of pharmaceuticals it is worth trying to identify the role of intellectual property in access to essential drugs, its influence on the realization of fundamental human rights, the relationship between private economic interests and public health needs. This thesis touches the mentioned above questions and discusses whether intellectual property can be helpful in the improvement of the right to access to drugs.},
  author       = {Moroz, Olena},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Access to Essential Medicines and Intellectual Property Protection in the Context of Neglected Tropical Diseases},
  year         = {2011},
}