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Andlighet, gemenskap och byte av verklighetsuppfattning

Håkansson, Helena LU and Bergman, Maria LU (2011) SOPA63 20111
School of Social Work
Abstract
Abstract
Authors: Helena Håkansson & Maria Bergman
Title: Spirituality, fellowship and change of way to perceive reality
The twelve-step philosophy is regularly occurring both as a common way of treatment and within self-help groups. Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous as well as several other self-help groups are only a few examples of several organizations who´s foundations are based on the same philosophy. The twelve-step program is built upon spiritual principles, where both God and a higher power help the participants become free of substance abuse and addiction. In a secular country such as Sweden this can seem both fascinating and a bit contradictory. With this as a background setting, the purpose of the essay was to... (More)
Abstract
Authors: Helena Håkansson & Maria Bergman
Title: Spirituality, fellowship and change of way to perceive reality
The twelve-step philosophy is regularly occurring both as a common way of treatment and within self-help groups. Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous as well as several other self-help groups are only a few examples of several organizations who´s foundations are based on the same philosophy. The twelve-step program is built upon spiritual principles, where both God and a higher power help the participants become free of substance abuse and addiction. In a secular country such as Sweden this can seem both fascinating and a bit contradictory. With this as a background setting, the purpose of the essay was to investigate why people turn to AA´s and NA´s self-help groups, what different functions these communities fill for its members, and also what importance and function the spiritual elements have in the twelve-step program. To get the possibility to highlight the essence of subjective ex-periences, the study rests upon qualitative method in the shape of semi-structured in-terviews. The selection of people interviewed was two women and four men who all are members that have been recruited to AA´s and NA’s self-help groups through a so called ”snowball selection” via a contact person with connections to the twelve-step movement. The theoretical basis of the study takes it´s starting point both in psychol-ogy and social psychology in an attempt to try to understand and give a deeper knowledge for the behaviour of the individual – alone and in relation to other people. In our study we found that partcipancy in AA and the NA was preceded by some kind of crisis, unbearable situation or huge negative consequences as a direct cause of the addiction. This is referred to as ”hitting rock bottom”. Through the twelve-step movements the members learn a new way of thinking and living, which can be com-pared to an alternation or change of way to perceive reality. Furthermore, it has be-come apparent that the spiritual elements and how they are interpreted is highly indi-vidual and personal, and also that the group is of great importance for the participants ”new lifestyle”. All people interviewed rely on a personally defined higher power out-side of themselves, mainly to be able to maintain their sobriety and also to get control over their situation. Other key purposes of the self-help groups, according to the peo-ple interviewed, are understanding, the ability to cope, knowledge about their prob-lem, fellowship and meaningfulness. (Less)
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author
Håkansson, Helena LU and Bergman, Maria LU
supervisor
organization
course
SOPA63 20111
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Key words: Alcoholics Anonymous, spirituality, ”rock bottom”, alternation, fellowship
language
Swedish
id
1975364
date added to LUP
2011-09-12 16:37:42
date last changed
2011-09-12 16:37:42
@misc{1975364,
  abstract     = {Abstract
Authors: Helena Håkansson & Maria Bergman
Title: Spirituality, fellowship and change of way to perceive reality
The twelve-step philosophy is regularly occurring both as a common way of treatment and within self-help groups. Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous as well as several other self-help groups are only a few examples of several organizations who´s foundations are based on the same philosophy. The twelve-step program is built upon spiritual principles, where both God and a higher power help the participants become free of substance abuse and addiction. In a secular country such as Sweden this can seem both fascinating and a bit contradictory. With this as a background setting, the purpose of the essay was to investigate why people turn to AA´s and NA´s self-help groups, what different functions these communities fill for its members, and also what importance and function the spiritual elements have in the twelve-step program. To get the possibility to highlight the essence of subjective ex-periences, the study rests upon qualitative method in the shape of semi-structured in-terviews. The selection of people interviewed was two women and four men who all are members that have been recruited to AA´s and NA’s self-help groups through a so called ”snowball selection” via a contact person with connections to the twelve-step movement. The theoretical basis of the study takes it´s starting point both in psychol-ogy and social psychology in an attempt to try to understand and give a deeper knowledge for the behaviour of the individual – alone and in relation to other people. In our study we found that partcipancy in AA and the NA was preceded by some kind of crisis, unbearable situation or huge negative consequences as a direct cause of the addiction. This is referred to as ”hitting rock bottom”. Through the twelve-step movements the members learn a new way of thinking and living, which can be com-pared to an alternation or change of way to perceive reality. Furthermore, it has be-come apparent that the spiritual elements and how they are interpreted is highly indi-vidual and personal, and also that the group is of great importance for the participants ”new lifestyle”. All people interviewed rely on a personally defined higher power out-side of themselves, mainly to be able to maintain their sobriety and also to get control over their situation. Other key purposes of the self-help groups, according to the peo-ple interviewed, are understanding, the ability to cope, knowledge about their prob-lem, fellowship and meaningfulness.},
  author       = {Håkansson, Helena and Bergman, Maria},
  keyword      = {Key words: Alcoholics Anonymous,spirituality,”rock bottom”,alternation,fellowship
},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Andlighet, gemenskap och byte av verklighetsuppfattning},
  year         = {2011},
}