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Financing EPA: The fiscal impact of EPA on ECOWAS

Selin, Sofie LU (2011) NEKM01 20111
Department of Economics
Abstract
The European Union (EU) and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries have been negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) since 2002. The EPAs are intend to replace present agreements which due to its discriminatory element against other developing countries, not are compatible with the WTO regulations. The liberalisation of the EPAs has triggered some concerns regarding the risk of large decline in tariff revenues and the negotiations proved to be more complicated than predicted.

The purpose of this study is to determine the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) countries reliance on tariff revenues in order to evaluate the EPA negotiations. An examination on whether the ECOWAS countries’ present level of... (More)
The European Union (EU) and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries have been negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) since 2002. The EPAs are intend to replace present agreements which due to its discriminatory element against other developing countries, not are compatible with the WTO regulations. The liberalisation of the EPAs has triggered some concerns regarding the risk of large decline in tariff revenues and the negotiations proved to be more complicated than predicted.

The purpose of this study is to determine the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) countries reliance on tariff revenues in order to evaluate the EPA negotiations. An examination on whether the ECOWAS countries’ present level of tariff revenues impacts their willingness to sign the EPAs and thus affecting the negotiations.

Observations show a significant reliance on tariff revenues for ECOWAS countries, with total revenues accounted for 53 percent on average. Tariff revenues from the EU play a significant role and are observed to contribute with 18 percent out of the total government revenue. The main concerns for ECOWAS countries are their lack of institutional capabilities to mitigate the loss in tariff revenues. This will most likely make the ECOWAS a bit reluctant to sign an EPA, since their significant reliance on tariff revenues can lead to a substantial decline in government revenues. Further, other characteristics are also likely to affect the ECOWAS willingness to sign the EPAs due to their concerns of losing tariff revenues. These concerns are the possible trade diversion effect, undiversified economical structure as well as the possibility to trade under the EBA. The significant reliance on tariff revenues is most likely to affect the members of ECOWAS’ willingness to sign the EPA and thus also the negotiations. (Less)
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author
Selin, Sofie LU
supervisor
organization
course
NEKM01 20111
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA), EPA negotiations, Reliance on tariff revenue, Trade liberalisation
language
English
id
2158078
date added to LUP
2011-09-27 09:06:58
date last changed
2011-09-27 09:06:58
@misc{2158078,
  abstract     = {The European Union (EU) and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries have been negotiating Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) since 2002. The EPAs are intend to replace present agreements which due to its discriminatory element against other developing countries, not are compatible with the WTO regulations. The liberalisation of the EPAs has triggered some concerns regarding the risk of large decline in tariff revenues and the negotiations proved to be more complicated than predicted. 

The purpose of this study is to determine the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) countries reliance on tariff revenues in order to evaluate the EPA negotiations. An examination on whether the ECOWAS countries’ present level of tariff revenues impacts their willingness to sign the EPAs and thus affecting the negotiations. 

Observations show a significant reliance on tariff revenues for ECOWAS countries, with total revenues accounted for 53 percent on average. Tariff revenues from the EU play a significant role and are observed to contribute with 18 percent out of the total government revenue. The main concerns for ECOWAS countries are their lack of institutional capabilities to mitigate the loss in tariff revenues. This will most likely make the ECOWAS a bit reluctant to sign an EPA, since their significant reliance on tariff revenues can lead to a substantial decline in government revenues. Further, other characteristics are also likely to affect the ECOWAS willingness to sign the EPAs due to their concerns of losing tariff revenues. These concerns are the possible trade diversion effect, undiversified economical structure as well as the possibility to trade under the EBA. The significant reliance on tariff revenues is most likely to affect the members of ECOWAS’ willingness to sign the EPA and thus also the negotiations.},
  author       = {Selin, Sofie},
  keyword      = {Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS),Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA),EPA negotiations,Reliance on tariff revenue,Trade liberalisation},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Financing EPA: The fiscal impact of EPA on ECOWAS},
  year         = {2011},
}