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The manufacturing industry in Stockholm county and Sweden - an analysis of regional development and structural change from 1915 to 1975

Ahlström, Lukas LU (2011) EKHR21 20111
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Departing from the renewed interest within economic history and economic geography on economic transformations, I will analyze the development of the Swedish manufacturing industry with regard to both space and time. The paper looks at how the role of Stockholm county (Sweden’s major regional market) changed in relation to the country overall in terms of employment in eight different industries. The changes are seen in the light of the different phases of the ongoing growth cycles between 1915 and 1975 – a period that in many ways constitute the essence of the Swedish industrialization. Sweden was, in terms of employment, still mainly an agrarian country at the beginning of this period, by the end it was mainly a service economy and in... (More)
Departing from the renewed interest within economic history and economic geography on economic transformations, I will analyze the development of the Swedish manufacturing industry with regard to both space and time. The paper looks at how the role of Stockholm county (Sweden’s major regional market) changed in relation to the country overall in terms of employment in eight different industries. The changes are seen in the light of the different phases of the ongoing growth cycles between 1915 and 1975 – a period that in many ways constitute the essence of the Swedish industrialization. Sweden was, in terms of employment, still mainly an agrarian country at the beginning of this period, by the end it was mainly a service economy and in between those two periods the manufacturing industry had managed to become the largest sector. It was in other words not only a revolutionizing period for the manufacturing industry but for the economy as a whole. Progress and setbacks in technological change, market integration and economic growth has changed the industries in different ways during different periods. By using detailed time series data I will follow the employment level in eight different industries every fifth year from 1915 to 1975. The results show that the manufacturing industry in Stockholm county starts to decrease in relation to the country as a whole around the mid 1950’s. The employment level peaked about a decade later in absolute terms. The industries do however show very contradictive patterns – both regionally and nationally. While some industries in Stockholm county appears to correlate with the ongoing phases of the growth cycles, others show clear signs of the opposite. What stands clear is that industries producing goods of importance to the transformation process that started in the 1930’s grew massively, were more important in Stockholm county than in the country as a whole and yet these industries were affected the least by the rationalization process. (Less)
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author
Ahlström, Lukas LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHR21 20111
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Industrialization, manufacturing industry, employment, regional development, growth cycles.
language
English
id
2337983
date added to LUP
2012-02-24 13:20:55
date last changed
2012-02-24 13:20:55
@misc{2337983,
  abstract     = {Departing from the renewed interest within economic history and economic geography on economic transformations, I will analyze the development of the Swedish manufacturing industry with regard to both space and time. The paper looks at how the role of Stockholm county (Sweden’s major regional market) changed in relation to the country overall in terms of employment in eight different industries. The changes are seen in the light of the different phases of the ongoing growth cycles between 1915 and 1975 – a period that in many ways constitute the essence of the Swedish industrialization. Sweden was, in terms of employment, still mainly an agrarian country at the beginning of this period, by the end it was mainly a service economy and in between those two periods the manufacturing industry had managed to become the largest sector. It was in other words not only a revolutionizing period for the manufacturing industry but for the economy as a whole. Progress and setbacks in technological change, market integration and economic growth has changed the industries in different ways during different periods. By using detailed time series data I will follow the employment level in eight different industries every fifth year from 1915 to 1975. The results show that the manufacturing industry in Stockholm county starts to decrease in relation to the country as a whole around the mid 1950’s. The employment level peaked about a decade later in absolute terms. The industries do however show very contradictive patterns – both regionally and nationally. While some industries in Stockholm county appears to correlate with the ongoing phases of the growth cycles, others show clear signs of the opposite. What stands clear is that industries producing goods of importance to the transformation process that started in the 1930’s grew massively, were more important in Stockholm county than in the country as a whole and yet these industries were affected the least by the rationalization process.},
  author       = {Ahlström, Lukas},
  keyword      = {Industrialization,manufacturing industry,employment,regional development,growth cycles.},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The manufacturing industry in Stockholm county and Sweden - an analysis of regional development and structural change from 1915 to 1975},
  year         = {2011},
}