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Bringing cities in - the urbanization of critical peacebuilding

Gusic, Ivan LU (2012) STVM11 20121
Department of Political Science
Abstract
As major flashpoints of contemporary conflict, contested cities are intensely resistant towards efforts aimed at reconstruction, reintegration and reconciliation. Peacebuilding undertaken in these cities often fails, leaving them on a continuum between war and peace where their frozen internal conflicts become stumbling blocks of statewide peacebuilding. Interestingly enough, limited attention has been paid to these contested cities, leaving critical peacebuilding alarmingly unaware of the urban dimensions of conflict and the specificity of cities in human societies.
I argue that an urbanization of critical peacebuilding is needed and by marrying critical peacebuilding with urban studies I subsequently create a theoretical framework that... (More)
As major flashpoints of contemporary conflict, contested cities are intensely resistant towards efforts aimed at reconstruction, reintegration and reconciliation. Peacebuilding undertaken in these cities often fails, leaving them on a continuum between war and peace where their frozen internal conflicts become stumbling blocks of statewide peacebuilding. Interestingly enough, limited attention has been paid to these contested cities, leaving critical peacebuilding alarmingly unaware of the urban dimensions of conflict and the specificity of cities in human societies.
I argue that an urbanization of critical peacebuilding is needed and by marrying critical peacebuilding with urban studies I subsequently create a theoretical framework that can be used to understand conflict in contested cities. Through adaption this framework is employed in Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Mitrovica (Kosovo) as I conceptualize contested cities as 1) frontiers in both the urban and larger conflict, 2) actors with autonomous agency, and 3) arenas for political manifestations and spatializations of peace or conflict. Doing so I advance the knowledge on conflict in cities and cities in conflict, illustrate how peacebuilding has been counterproductive in Mostar and Mitrovica, and introduce the urban dimension into the analytical toolbox of critical peacebuilding. The overarching conclusion is that contested cities need to be addressed with an urban logic in mind. (Less)
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author
Gusic, Ivan LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVM11 20121
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
cities, peacebuilding, urban, Mostar, Mitrovica
language
English
id
2373150
date added to LUP
2012-06-27 10:52:17
date last changed
2012-06-27 10:52:17
@misc{2373150,
  abstract     = {As major flashpoints of contemporary conflict, contested cities are intensely resistant towards efforts aimed at reconstruction, reintegration and reconciliation. Peacebuilding undertaken in these cities often fails, leaving them on a continuum between war and peace where their frozen internal conflicts become stumbling blocks of statewide peacebuilding. Interestingly enough, limited attention has been paid to these contested cities, leaving critical peacebuilding alarmingly unaware of the urban dimensions of conflict and the specificity of cities in human societies.
I argue that an urbanization of critical peacebuilding is needed and by marrying critical peacebuilding with urban studies I subsequently create a theoretical framework that can be used to understand conflict in contested cities. Through adaption this framework is employed in Mostar (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Mitrovica (Kosovo) as I conceptualize contested cities as 1) frontiers in both the urban and larger conflict, 2) actors with autonomous agency, and 3) arenas for political manifestations and spatializations of peace or conflict. Doing so I advance the knowledge on conflict in cities and cities in conflict, illustrate how peacebuilding has been counterproductive in Mostar and Mitrovica, and introduce the urban dimension into the analytical toolbox of critical peacebuilding. The overarching conclusion is that contested cities need to be addressed with an urban logic in mind.},
  author       = {Gusic, Ivan},
  keyword      = {cities,peacebuilding,urban,Mostar,Mitrovica},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Bringing cities in - the urbanization of critical peacebuilding},
  year         = {2012},
}