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Det du inte vet mår du dåligt av: En experimentell studie av uppmärksamhets bias hos ångestindivider

Pedersen, Johanna LU (2012) PSYK01 20121
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to examine attentional biases in anxiety. Participants with high self-rated anxiety were predicted to differ in their attention compared to participants with low self-rated anxiety. Participants were predicted to have an implicit memory for the combination of faces that were used in the study. A modified dot probe task was used to examine high and low social and/or trait anxious individuals’ attention when different emotional faces were presented before them. Previous studies have shown results for facilitated attention towards threat in anxiety. This study wanted to examine what kind of effect “unknown information” would have on the participants attention. There were a total of 30 participants, all students,... (More)
The purpose of this study was to examine attentional biases in anxiety. Participants with high self-rated anxiety were predicted to differ in their attention compared to participants with low self-rated anxiety. Participants were predicted to have an implicit memory for the combination of faces that were used in the study. A modified dot probe task was used to examine high and low social and/or trait anxious individuals’ attention when different emotional faces were presented before them. Previous studies have shown results for facilitated attention towards threat in anxiety. This study wanted to examine what kind of effect “unknown information” would have on the participants attention. There were a total of 30 participants, all students, and ages 19-39 years. Several four-way rANOVA were conducted to analyze the results. No significant results were shown for “unknown information”. There were however significant results for facilitated attention towards angry faces in high social anxious individuals. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka ångests påverkan på uppmärksamhet. Deltagare med högt skattad ångest förväntades skilja sig åt från deltagare med lågt skattad ångest gällande deras uppmärksamhet. Deltagare förväntades skapa ett implicit minne för kombinationen av ansikten som presenterades för dem i experimentet. Ett modifierat dote probe test användes för att undersöka vad försökspersoner med hög eller låg social och/eller trait ångest, uppmärksammade då olika emotions ansikten presenterades för dem. Tidigare studier har visat att ångestindividers uppmärksamhet dras mot hotande information. Den här studien ville undersöka vilken effekt ”okänd information” skulle få på deras uppmärksamhet. Det var totalt 30 stycken deltagare,... (More)
Syftet med den här studien var att undersöka ångests påverkan på uppmärksamhet. Deltagare med högt skattad ångest förväntades skilja sig åt från deltagare med lågt skattad ångest gällande deras uppmärksamhet. Deltagare förväntades skapa ett implicit minne för kombinationen av ansikten som presenterades för dem i experimentet. Ett modifierat dote probe test användes för att undersöka vad försökspersoner med hög eller låg social och/eller trait ångest, uppmärksammade då olika emotions ansikten presenterades för dem. Tidigare studier har visat att ångestindividers uppmärksamhet dras mot hotande information. Den här studien ville undersöka vilken effekt ”okänd information” skulle få på deras uppmärksamhet. Det var totalt 30 stycken deltagare, i åldern mellan 19-39 år. Flera fyrvägs- rANOVA utfördes för att analysera resultatet. Det visades inga signifikanta resultat för att deltagarna skulle ha uppmärksammat okänd information. Däremot visades signifikanta resultat för att individer med hög social ångest i större utsträckning uppmärksammade arga ansikten. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Pedersen, Johanna LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK01 20121
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Attention, Attentional biases, Anxiety, Social anxiety, Trait anxiety, Unknown information, uppmärksamhet, uppmärksamhets bias, ångest, social ångest, trait ångest, okänd information
language
Swedish
id
2635937
date added to LUP
2012-07-16 11:59:15
date last changed
2012-07-16 11:59:15
@misc{2635937,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to examine attentional biases in anxiety. Participants with high self-rated anxiety were predicted to differ in their attention compared to participants with low self-rated anxiety. Participants were predicted to have an implicit memory for the combination of faces that were used in the study. A modified dot probe task was used to examine high and low social and/or trait anxious individuals’ attention when different emotional faces were presented before them. Previous studies have shown results for facilitated attention towards threat in anxiety. This study wanted to examine what kind of effect “unknown information” would have on the participants attention. There were a total of 30 participants, all students, and ages 19-39 years. Several four-way rANOVA were conducted to analyze the results. No significant results were shown for “unknown information”. There were however significant results for facilitated attention towards angry faces in high social anxious individuals.},
  author       = {Pedersen, Johanna},
  keyword      = {Attention,Attentional biases,Anxiety,Social anxiety,Trait anxiety,Unknown information,uppmärksamhet,uppmärksamhets bias,ångest,social ångest,trait ångest,okänd information},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Det du inte vet mår du dåligt av: En experimentell studie av uppmärksamhets bias hos ångestindivider},
  year         = {2012},
}