Advanced

The Frame Semantics of KILL: The Identity, gender, and ethnicity of fatal attributions in British and American news press

Chaar, Leila LU (2012) ENGK01 20112
English Studies
Abstract (Swedish)
The aim with this study was to investigate the senses of the lexemes /assassinated/, /killed/, and /murdered/ in 21st century American and British newspaper discourse, which was done with the method of corpus-driven Cognitive Linguistics. The main research questions dealt with how the combination of grammatical and contextual features of the articles frame patients and agents of the verbs. A focus was given to transitive and intransitive actions on the grammatical level, as well as contextual information provided about the topics of discourse, and participants of the events. This was done in order to find out what these reveal about the polysemic structures of the words, and how they are associated culturally.
The results were conducted... (More)
The aim with this study was to investigate the senses of the lexemes /assassinated/, /killed/, and /murdered/ in 21st century American and British newspaper discourse, which was done with the method of corpus-driven Cognitive Linguistics. The main research questions dealt with how the combination of grammatical and contextual features of the articles frame patients and agents of the verbs. A focus was given to transitive and intransitive actions on the grammatical level, as well as contextual information provided about the topics of discourse, and participants of the events. This was done in order to find out what these reveal about the polysemic structures of the words, and how they are associated culturally.
The results were conducted with the means of two statistical models in R: Multiple Correspondence Analysis, and Logistic Regression. It was concluded that the lexemes researched reflect some contemporary aspects of the semantic senses of the words concerning different framings of agent and patient participants, depending on the contextual information provided. The word /killed/ is mainly used in a war discourse of opposing sides in a conflict, where relatively vague, and therefore less identifiable patient reference is used when it comes to gender and family attributes. The bias is instead marked through explicit protagonist and antagonist markers of the sides. This is contrasted with specific patient framings for the word /murdered/, which is used for domestic reference with an overrepresentation of the female gender and other familial affiliations of women and children, creating a stronger sense of identification with these. In comparison, the word /assassinated/ is mostly used in historical, political and entertaining contexts for patients of male reference denoting politicians, who are primarily from foreign nationalities. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Chaar, Leila LU
supervisor
organization
course
ENGK01 20112
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Frame Semantics, Lexical Semantics, KILL, Polysemy, Newspaper Discourse, Corpus-Driven Cognitive Linguistics
language
English
id
2858627
date added to LUP
2012-10-19 14:22:56
date last changed
2012-10-19 14:22:56
@misc{2858627,
  abstract     = {The aim with this study was to investigate the senses of the lexemes /assassinated/, /killed/, and /murdered/ in 21st century American and British newspaper discourse, which was done with the method of corpus-driven Cognitive Linguistics. The main research questions dealt with how the combination of grammatical and contextual features of the articles frame patients and agents of the verbs. A focus was given to transitive and intransitive actions on the grammatical level, as well as contextual information provided about the topics of discourse, and participants of the events. This was done in order to find out what these reveal about the polysemic structures of the words, and how they are associated culturally.
 The results were conducted with the means of two statistical models in R: Multiple Correspondence Analysis, and Logistic Regression. It was concluded that the lexemes researched reflect some contemporary aspects of the semantic senses of the words concerning different framings of agent and patient participants, depending on the contextual information provided. The word /killed/ is mainly used in a war discourse of opposing sides in a conflict, where relatively vague, and therefore less identifiable patient reference is used when it comes to gender and family attributes. The bias is instead marked through explicit protagonist and antagonist markers of the sides. This is contrasted with specific patient framings for the word /murdered/, which is used for domestic reference with an overrepresentation of the female gender and other familial affiliations of women and children, creating a stronger sense of identification with these. In comparison, the word /assassinated/ is mostly used in historical, political and entertaining contexts for patients of male reference denoting politicians, who are primarily from foreign nationalities.},
  author       = {Chaar, Leila},
  keyword      = {Frame Semantics,Lexical Semantics,KILL,Polysemy,Newspaper Discourse,Corpus-Driven Cognitive Linguistics},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Frame Semantics of KILL: The Identity, gender, and ethnicity of fatal attributions in British and American news press},
  year         = {2012},
}