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Microalgae biofuels: some potential - many reservations

Andersson, Mathilde LU (2012) In IIIEE Master thesis IMEN41 20122
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
Achieving climate policy goals and addressing the challenges of energy security requires very significant efforts from many private and public actors to bring immature technologies to competitiveness. Algae-based biofuel production is an emerging industrial sector that has great promise with regards to many sustainability aspects but faces many challenges in order to attain any meaningful market potential. This thesis seeks to provide deeper understanding of various aspects, such as technico-economical, political and social elements, that constrain the progression of algal biofuels based on a realistic view of this industry. The approach taken uses a theoretical framework for mapping industrial emergence that focuses on the early... (More)
Achieving climate policy goals and addressing the challenges of energy security requires very significant efforts from many private and public actors to bring immature technologies to competitiveness. Algae-based biofuel production is an emerging industrial sector that has great promise with regards to many sustainability aspects but faces many challenges in order to attain any meaningful market potential. This thesis seeks to provide deeper understanding of various aspects, such as technico-economical, political and social elements, that constrain the progression of algal biofuels based on a realistic view of this industry. The approach taken uses a theoretical framework for mapping industrial emergence that focuses on the early development phases of the industrial lifecycle and provides a market-based structure to the work.

The analysis discusses the policy framework structure and concerns as well as the obstacles related to issues of standardization obstacles. The attitude of incumbent industrial systems in the biofuel sector is investigated as there are both limiting forces and positive externalities emanating from competitors. The analysis examines the technological advancements that act as market push but are limited by many challenges that R&D still seeks to overcome, and further explores the deep need for public/private investment money and for new investors. Findings also underline the problematic issue of communication challenges that face the industry as it seeks to strategically build legitimacy and acceptance for both the investing world and the public. While the work highlights the nature of the economic predicament that algae biofuel currently faces, it also examines the role the already viable options, such as production regimes that focus on high-value products, which can be harnessed to offer learning opportunities and industrial experience for the algae sector. The concluding portions of the work reflect on those findings and on multiple possibilities that algae offer in terms of energy carriers for the transport sector. (Less)
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author
Andersson, Mathilde LU
supervisor
organization
course
IMEN41 20122
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Biofuels, Microalgae, new technologies, industrial emergence, constraints, transport.
publication/series
IIIEE Master thesis
report number
2012:27
ISSN
1401-9191
language
English
id
3128906
date added to LUP
2012-10-15 09:33:11
date last changed
2012-10-15 09:33:11
@misc{3128906,
  abstract     = {Achieving climate policy goals and addressing the challenges of energy security requires very significant efforts from many private and public actors to bring immature technologies to competitiveness. Algae-based biofuel production is an emerging industrial sector that has great promise with regards to many sustainability aspects but faces many challenges in order to attain any meaningful market potential. This thesis seeks to provide deeper understanding of various aspects, such as technico-economical, political and social elements, that constrain the progression of algal biofuels based on a realistic view of this industry. The approach taken uses a theoretical framework for mapping industrial emergence that focuses on the early development phases of the industrial lifecycle and provides a market-based structure to the work. 

The analysis discusses the policy framework structure and concerns as well as the obstacles related to issues of standardization obstacles. The attitude of incumbent industrial systems in the biofuel sector is investigated as there are both limiting forces and positive externalities emanating from competitors. The analysis examines the technological advancements that act as market push but are limited by many challenges that R&D still seeks to overcome, and further explores the deep need for public/private investment money and for new investors. Findings also underline the problematic issue of communication challenges that face the industry as it seeks to strategically build legitimacy and acceptance for both the investing world and the public. While the work highlights the nature of the economic predicament that algae biofuel currently faces, it also examines the role the already viable options, such as production regimes that focus on high-value products, which can be harnessed to offer learning opportunities and industrial experience for the algae sector. The concluding portions of the work reflect on those findings and on multiple possibilities that algae offer in terms of energy carriers for the transport sector.},
  author       = {Andersson, Mathilde},
  issn         = {1401-9191},
  keyword      = {Biofuels,Microalgae,new technologies,industrial emergence,constraints,transport.},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {IIIEE Master thesis},
  title        = {Microalgae biofuels: some potential - many reservations},
  year         = {2012},
}