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Certifiering av hållbara turismdestinationer -Verktyg för ett Nordiskt certifieringssystem

Persson, Evelina LU (2012) MVEK02 20122
Studies in Environmental Science
Abstract
The tourism industry is growing each year and according to the United Nation World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) there will be one billion international trips during 2012. A sustainable tourism destination is a place that focus on all the different levels, a collaboration for sustainability include all stakeholders. Sustainability is shown through three aspects: socio/ cultural, economic and environmental.

The Nordic Council of Ministers stated in 2001: ”Nordic countries should have implemented a common branding initiative by 2004, which focuses on the sustainability tourism in the Nordic countries as a destination along with its distinctive characteristics”. This thesis is addressing different principles, criteria and certification... (More)
The tourism industry is growing each year and according to the United Nation World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) there will be one billion international trips during 2012. A sustainable tourism destination is a place that focus on all the different levels, a collaboration for sustainability include all stakeholders. Sustainability is shown through three aspects: socio/ cultural, economic and environmental.

The Nordic Council of Ministers stated in 2001: ”Nordic countries should have implemented a common branding initiative by 2004, which focuses on the sustainability tourism in the Nordic countries as a destination along with its distinctive characteristics”. This thesis is addressing different principles, criteria and certification systems regarding sustainable tourism destinations. The aim is to discuss pros and cons for a Nordic certification scheme.

Certification systems are often used in eco-labeling, but not as explored when it comes to sustainable destinations. Criteria and indicators addressed in this research, possibly to be used when creating a certification system, are established by i.a. UNWTO, The Global Sustainable Tourism Council and the Tourism Sustainability Group. Certification schemes regarding tourism destinations studied are: Earth Check (Global), Sustainable Tourism Eco-Certification Program (Global), Destination 21 (Danish), and Bærekraftig reiseliv (Norwegian).

This study shows that the Nordic countries already have a common ground regarding sustainable tourism. Based on similar culture, nature assets and an already existing cooperation between the countries in the Swan eco-labeling scheme, a mutual certification system for sustainable tourism destination can be very successful. One alternative can be to prepare for a joint system while waiting for results of the Norwegian certification program; if successful the collaboration may use the same model. (Less)
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author
Persson, Evelina LU
supervisor
organization
course
MVEK02 20122
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Sustainable tourism destinations, Hållbara turismdestinationer
language
Swedish
id
3411909
date added to LUP
2013-01-31 08:37:51
date last changed
2013-01-31 08:37:51
@misc{3411909,
  abstract     = {The tourism industry is growing each year and according to the United Nation World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) there will be one billion international trips during 2012. A sustainable tourism destination is a place that focus on all the different levels, a collaboration for sustainability include all stakeholders. Sustainability is shown through three aspects: socio/ cultural, economic and environmental. 

The Nordic Council of Ministers stated in 2001: ”Nordic countries should have implemented a common branding initiative by 2004, which focuses on the sustainability tourism in the Nordic countries as a destination along with its distinctive characteristics”. This thesis is addressing different principles, criteria and certification systems regarding sustainable tourism destinations. The aim is to discuss pros and cons for a Nordic certification scheme.
 
Certification systems are often used in eco-labeling, but not as explored when it comes to sustainable destinations. Criteria and indicators addressed in this research, possibly to be used when creating a certification system, are established by i.a. UNWTO, The Global Sustainable Tourism Council and the Tourism Sustainability Group. Certification schemes regarding tourism destinations studied are: Earth Check (Global), Sustainable Tourism Eco-Certification Program (Global), Destination 21 (Danish), and Bærekraftig reiseliv (Norwegian). 

This study shows that the Nordic countries already have a common ground regarding sustainable tourism. Based on similar culture, nature assets and an already existing cooperation between the countries in the Swan eco-labeling scheme, a mutual certification system for sustainable tourism destination can be very successful. One alternative can be to prepare for a joint system while waiting for results of the Norwegian certification program; if successful the collaboration may use the same model.},
  author       = {Persson, Evelina},
  keyword      = {Sustainable tourism destinations,Hållbara turismdestinationer},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Certifiering av hållbara turismdestinationer -Verktyg för ett Nordiskt certifieringssystem},
  year         = {2012},
}