Skip to main content

LUP Student Papers

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Liquid Bio Fuels for Gas Turbines

Kallenberg, Anders (2013)
Department of Energy Sciences
Abstract
In this study the different liquid biofuels that could be used as alternative fuels in gas turbines are
reviewed. The pre-conditions are biofuel in liquid state, suited for seven specific gas turbines at
E.ON Värmekraft that are a part of the disturbance reserve of Svenska Kraftnät. The alternative
fuels need to comply with the agreement with Svenska Kraftnät.
The most probable candidates are biooil, dimethyl ether, bio-ethanol, Fischer-Tropsch synthesized
fuels, straight vegetable oils, fatty acid (m) ethyl esters (FAME, RME, bio-diesel) and
hydro-treated (or -genated) vegetable oils (HVO). These fuels are studied and their different
properties are listed.
Earlier works where these fuels have been used in gas turbines are studied... (More)
In this study the different liquid biofuels that could be used as alternative fuels in gas turbines are
reviewed. The pre-conditions are biofuel in liquid state, suited for seven specific gas turbines at
E.ON Värmekraft that are a part of the disturbance reserve of Svenska Kraftnät. The alternative
fuels need to comply with the agreement with Svenska Kraftnät.
The most probable candidates are biooil, dimethyl ether, bio-ethanol, Fischer-Tropsch synthesized
fuels, straight vegetable oils, fatty acid (m) ethyl esters (FAME, RME, bio-diesel) and
hydro-treated (or -genated) vegetable oils (HVO). These fuels are studied and their different
properties are listed.
Earlier works where these fuels have been used in gas turbines are studied and conclusions
are drawn from this. Several issues concerning combustion and emissions with respect to gas
turbines are reviewed.
The gas turbine fuel consumption regarding alternative fuels is presented and a market research
of prices of the alternative fuels is performed. The specific sustainability demands of
both the Swedish Energy Agency and E.ON are discussed.
An analysis is performed of the alternative fuels, of the earlier work and how this will affect
the issues with combustion and emissions. Some specifics concerning the use and storage of
these alternative fuels are also analyzed.
An economic analysis is performed calculating the total cost from using these alternative
fuels, including cost for fuel and investments and possible subsidies.
The conclusion is that it is both technically feasible to use liquid biofuels in gas turbines,
and with some requirements, there can be an economical gain in it. Though this requires large
investments.
Biooil or Pyrolysis oil could, during an estimated time period of 15 years, with subsidies,
cover the material investments needed for the conversion.
Disregarding economy, there is a relatively new alternative fuel on the market, HVO, that
seems very good and it is in some aspects better than the current fuel. The price on this fuel is
on the other hand very high due to the fact that it can substitute diesel fuel for vehicles. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Kallenberg, Anders
supervisor
organization
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Gas turbines liquid biofuels fuel
report number
5271
ISSN
0282-1990
language
English
id
3457896
date added to LUP
2013-02-05 11:25:26
date last changed
2013-02-05 11:25:26
@misc{3457896,
  abstract     = {In this study the different liquid biofuels that could be used as alternative fuels in gas turbines are
reviewed. The pre-conditions are biofuel in liquid state, suited for seven specific gas turbines at
E.ON Värmekraft that are a part of the disturbance reserve of Svenska Kraftnät. The alternative
fuels need to comply with the agreement with Svenska Kraftnät.
The most probable candidates are biooil, dimethyl ether, bio-ethanol, Fischer-Tropsch synthesized
fuels, straight vegetable oils, fatty acid (m) ethyl esters (FAME, RME, bio-diesel) and
hydro-treated (or -genated) vegetable oils (HVO). These fuels are studied and their different
properties are listed.
Earlier works where these fuels have been used in gas turbines are studied and conclusions
are drawn from this. Several issues concerning combustion and emissions with respect to gas
turbines are reviewed.
The gas turbine fuel consumption regarding alternative fuels is presented and a market research
of prices of the alternative fuels is performed. The specific sustainability demands of
both the Swedish Energy Agency and E.ON are discussed.
An analysis is performed of the alternative fuels, of the earlier work and how this will affect
the issues with combustion and emissions. Some specifics concerning the use and storage of
these alternative fuels are also analyzed.
An economic analysis is performed calculating the total cost from using these alternative
fuels, including cost for fuel and investments and possible subsidies.
The conclusion is that it is both technically feasible to use liquid biofuels in gas turbines,
and with some requirements, there can be an economical gain in it. Though this requires large
investments.
Biooil or Pyrolysis oil could, during an estimated time period of 15 years, with subsidies,
cover the material investments needed for the conversion.
Disregarding economy, there is a relatively new alternative fuel on the market, HVO, that
seems very good and it is in some aspects better than the current fuel. The price on this fuel is
on the other hand very high due to the fact that it can substitute diesel fuel for vehicles.},
  author       = {Kallenberg, Anders},
  issn         = {0282-1990},
  keyword      = {Gas turbines liquid biofuels fuel},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Liquid Bio Fuels for Gas Turbines},
  year         = {2013},
}