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Etnisk in-gruppsfavorisering vid semantisk priming av ansikten: en empirisk studie av dess ERP-korrelat hos svenska studenter

Wallin, Daniel LU (2013) PSPT02 20122
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Many studies have been conducted investigating automatically activated attitudes towards ethnic groups, where the main measure has been reaction time. Mainly, these studies have looked at relative preferences for ethnic in-groups over ethnic out-groups. The present work looks at whether the relative preference is due to disfavoring the out-group, favoring the in group, or a combination of both. In addition, the works uses an ERP methodology, where a particular component of electrical brain activity – the N400-component, was the main measure. This component is known to be sensitive to whether a stimulus is congruent or not with expectation. Expectation was induced by priming the participant with a face from an ethnic in- or out-group –... (More)
Many studies have been conducted investigating automatically activated attitudes towards ethnic groups, where the main measure has been reaction time. Mainly, these studies have looked at relative preferences for ethnic in-groups over ethnic out-groups. The present work looks at whether the relative preference is due to disfavoring the out-group, favoring the in group, or a combination of both. In addition, the works uses an ERP methodology, where a particular component of electrical brain activity – the N400-component, was the main measure. This component is known to be sensitive to whether a stimulus is congruent or not with expectation. Expectation was induced by priming the participant with a face from an ethnic in- or out-group – specifically of individuals that appears to be from the Middle East or the North Europe. The face was followed by an adjective connoting either cold or warm traits, that could be considered either congruent or incongruent with the activated stereotype. The results showed a relative preference for the ethnic in-group over the ethnic out-group. The effect was driven by a favored attitude towards the in-group rather than disfavoring the out-group, which went against our expectation. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Det har genomförts många studier av automatiskt aktiverade attityder mot etniska grupper vars främsta mått bestått av responstid och i huvudsak har dessa studiers ansatser varit att redovisa relativa preferenser för etniska in-grupper framför ut-grupper. Den aktuella studien ansluter sig till den forskning som nyanserar denna bild genom att undersöka huruvida denna relativa preferens innebär en icke-favorisering av ut-gruppen, en favorisering av in-gruppen eller både en icke-favorisering och en favorisering. Detta undersöktes med en inte lika frekvent använd metod, ERP, där elektrisk hjärnaktivitet, N400-komponenten, fick fungera som det främsta måttet. Mer specifikt i vilken grad den semantiska förväntan en ansiktsbild väckt infrias vid... (More)
Det har genomförts många studier av automatiskt aktiverade attityder mot etniska grupper vars främsta mått bestått av responstid och i huvudsak har dessa studiers ansatser varit att redovisa relativa preferenser för etniska in-grupper framför ut-grupper. Den aktuella studien ansluter sig till den forskning som nyanserar denna bild genom att undersöka huruvida denna relativa preferens innebär en icke-favorisering av ut-gruppen, en favorisering av in-gruppen eller både en icke-favorisering och en favorisering. Detta undersöktes med en inte lika frekvent använd metod, ERP, där elektrisk hjärnaktivitet, N400-komponenten, fick fungera som det främsta måttet. Mer specifikt i vilken grad den semantiska förväntan en ansiktsbild väckt infrias vid presentation av ett verbalt stimuli. Ansatsen var att med en väletablerad primingteknik undersöka graden av association mellan ansiktsbilder föreställande personer från Nordeuropa respektive mellanöstern och varma och kalla adjektiv hos 20 svenska studenter. En relativ preferens för den etniska in-gruppen framför den etniska ut-gruppen kunde observeras. Vidare visade det sig att denna utgjordes av en favoriserande attityd mot in-gruppen snarare än en en icke-favoriserande attityd mot ut-gruppen, helt omvänt det förväntade. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Wallin, Daniel LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20122
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
automatiska attityder, automatic attitudes, implicita attityder, implicit attitudes, etniska fördomar, ethnic prejudge, etniska stereotyper, ethnic stereotypes, etniska attityder, ethnic attitudes, N400, P200, N200, priming, in-grupp, in-group, ut-grupp, out-group
language
Swedish
id
3458680
date added to LUP
2013-02-07 14:36:12
date last changed
2013-02-07 14:36:12
@misc{3458680,
  abstract     = {Many studies have been conducted investigating automatically activated attitudes towards ethnic groups, where the main measure has been reaction time. Mainly, these studies have looked at relative preferences for ethnic in-groups over ethnic out-groups. The present work looks at whether the relative preference is due to disfavoring the out-group, favoring the in group, or a combination of both. In addition, the works uses an ERP methodology, where a particular component of electrical brain activity – the N400-component, was the main measure. This component is known to be sensitive to whether a stimulus is congruent or not with expectation. Expectation was induced by priming the participant with a face from an ethnic in- or out-group – specifically of individuals that appears to be from the Middle East or the North Europe. The face was followed by an adjective connoting either cold or warm traits, that could be considered either congruent or incongruent with the activated stereotype. The results showed a relative preference for the ethnic in-group over the ethnic out-group. The effect was driven by a favored attitude towards the in-group rather than disfavoring the out-group, which went against our expectation.},
  author       = {Wallin, Daniel},
  keyword      = {automatiska attityder,automatic attitudes,implicita attityder,implicit attitudes,etniska fördomar,ethnic prejudge,etniska stereotyper,ethnic stereotypes,etniska attityder,ethnic attitudes,N400,P200,N200,priming,in-grupp,in-group,ut-grupp,out-group},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Etnisk in-gruppsfavorisering vid semantisk priming av ansikten: en empirisk studie av dess ERP-korrelat hos svenska studenter},
  year         = {2013},
}