Advanced

Effective use of open source GIS in rural planning in South Africa

Andersson, Patrik LU and Jürisoo, Anders LU (2011) In Thesis in geographical information technics EXTM05 20111
Dept of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Surveying
Abstract (Swedish)
Syftet med denna studie är att ta fram en arbetsmetod för att samla in, lagra och visualisera geografisk data på ett enkelt och billigt sätt, samt att man når en stor målgrupp med denna geografiska data. Studien riktar sig främst till arbete som pågår i utvecklingsländer och i miljöer där man jobbar med begränsade resurser. Många organisationer som jobbar under dessa förutsättningar har inte råd att använda vanliga GIS-program som exempelvis ArcGIS för att visualisera den geografiska data.
Många organisationer runt om i världen har tillgång till geografisk data, men de flesta av dessa har inte kunskap om hur denna kan visualiseras på ett smidigt sätt. Det kan dock vara viktigt att visualisera denna geografiska data för exempelvis en... (More)
Syftet med denna studie är att ta fram en arbetsmetod för att samla in, lagra och visualisera geografisk data på ett enkelt och billigt sätt, samt att man når en stor målgrupp med denna geografiska data. Studien riktar sig främst till arbete som pågår i utvecklingsländer och i miljöer där man jobbar med begränsade resurser. Många organisationer som jobbar under dessa förutsättningar har inte råd att använda vanliga GIS-program som exempelvis ArcGIS för att visualisera den geografiska data.
Många organisationer runt om i världen har tillgång till geografisk data, men de flesta av dessa har inte kunskap om hur denna kan visualiseras på ett smidigt sätt. Det kan dock vara viktigt att visualisera denna geografiska data för exempelvis en hjälporganisation. Anledningen till detta är att många av dessa organisationer jobbar med begränsade resurser och att de har någon form av prestationskrav gentemot sina finansiärer. Att kunna visualisera geografiska data från olika projekt runt om i världen skulle kunna vara ett sätt att informera berörda parter om hur arbetet går.
Denna studie har ägt rum i Dukudukuskogen som ligger i KwaZulu-Natalprovinsen i Sydafrika. Den har varit finansierad av ett Minor Field Study-stipendium som ges ut av SIDA. Vi har samarbetat med ett lokalt konsultbolag vid namnet Enhanced Strategies. De är projektledare i Dukudukuskogen där ett 50-tal projekt, finansierat av regering och hjälporganisationer, äger rum. Syftet har varit att skapa en arbetsmetod som kan hjälpa till att visualisera dessa projekt och framstegen i området till berörda parter.
En arbetsmetod har tagits fram med avsikt att vara så billig och att nå en så stor grupp människor som möjlig. För att minska kostnaderna i denna arbetsmetod har program baserat på öppen källkod använts och för att nå en stor målgrupp har program inom webb-baserat GIS använts i så stor utsträckning som möjligt. Den framtagna arbetsmetoden beskriver i sex olika steg hur man kan hämta, lagra och visualisera geografisk data på en hemsida.
Resultatet av denna studie är, förutom den framtagna arbetsmetoden, tre stycken exempel där den framtagna arbetsmetoden används. Den första avser att vara en allmän karta över området där användaren själv väljer vad som ska visualiseras. Det andra exemplet beskriver hur geografisk data kan editeras över webben och då följdaktningen uppdatera en databas på distans. Det sista exemplet avser att beskriva hur arbetsmetoden kan användas för att visa framstegen i ett specifikt projekt. (Less)
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to develop a method on how to collect, store and visualize geographic data in an easy and inexpensive way, and to enable a wide audience to reach the information. The focus of this study is mainly on projects that are taking place in developing countries and in environments where one usually works with limited resources. Many of the organizations that are working in these environments cannot afford commonly used GIS programs like ArcGIS to visualize their geographic data.
Organizations that are active in developing countries and are executing projects there have access to geographic data, but many of them have no knowledge on how to visualize these in a good way. For a nongovernmental organization (NGO) it... (More)
The purpose of this study is to develop a method on how to collect, store and visualize geographic data in an easy and inexpensive way, and to enable a wide audience to reach the information. The focus of this study is mainly on projects that are taking place in developing countries and in environments where one usually works with limited resources. Many of the organizations that are working in these environments cannot afford commonly used GIS programs like ArcGIS to visualize their geographic data.
Organizations that are active in developing countries and are executing projects there have access to geographic data, but many of them have no knowledge on how to visualize these in a good way. For a nongovernmental organization (NGO) it could prove useful to visualize these geographic data for many purposes. One of the reasons for this is that the organizations are working with limited resources and they must be able to show results to their donors. Being able to visualize geographic data from various projects around the world could be one way to inform donors about the work progress.
This study took place in Dukuduku forest located in KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. It has been funded by a Minor Field Study, which is a scholarship given by the Swedish International Development cooperation Agency (SIDA). We also collaborated with a local consulting company named Enhanced Strategies. They are project managers within the Dukuduku forest where around 50 projects, funded by the government and NGOs, are taking place. The aim has been to create a workflow that can help to visualize these projects and the progress in the area to all the concerned parts.
A workflow has been developed that describe in six steps how to gather, store and visualize geographic data. The intention with the workflow has been to enable development of cheap products that can reach a group of people as large as possible. Open source programs have been used to reduce the cost and Web GIS has been used to reach a wider audience.
The results of this study are, in addition to the workflow, three examples that are based on the workflow. The first intends to be a basic map viewer where the user can decide which layers that should be visualized. The second example describes how geographic data can be edited through a web browser and consequently updating a database remotely. The last example is intended to describe how the workflow can be used for visualize the development in one specific project. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Andersson, Patrik LU and Jürisoo, Anders LU
supervisor
organization
course
EXTM05 20111
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Web GIS, informal settlements, maps, open source. rural planning, informella bosättningar, kartor, öppen källkod, landsbygdsplanering
publication/series
Thesis in geographical information technics
report number
4
funder
SIDA, Minor Field Study programme (MFS)
language
English
additional info
External supervisor: Dean Leigh Barnes, Enhance Strategies, South Africa.
id
3516117
date added to LUP
2013-02-25 12:50:42
date last changed
2016-05-19 14:28:28
@misc{3516117,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study is to develop a method on how to collect, store and visualize geographic data in an easy and inexpensive way, and to enable a wide audience to reach the information. The focus of this study is mainly on projects that are taking place in developing countries and in environments where one usually works with limited resources. Many of the organizations that are working in these environments cannot afford commonly used GIS programs like ArcGIS to visualize their geographic data.
Organizations that are active in developing countries and are executing projects there have access to geographic data, but many of them have no knowledge on how to visualize these in a good way. For a nongovernmental organization (NGO) it could prove useful to visualize these geographic data for many purposes. One of the reasons for this is that the organizations are working with limited resources and they must be able to show results to their donors. Being able to visualize geographic data from various projects around the world could be one way to inform donors about the work progress.
This study took place in Dukuduku forest located in KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. It has been funded by a Minor Field Study, which is a scholarship given by the Swedish International Development cooperation Agency (SIDA). We also collaborated with a local consulting company named Enhanced Strategies. They are project managers within the Dukuduku forest where around 50 projects, funded by the government and NGOs, are taking place. The aim has been to create a workflow that can help to visualize these projects and the progress in the area to all the concerned parts.
A workflow has been developed that describe in six steps how to gather, store and visualize geographic data. The intention with the workflow has been to enable development of cheap products that can reach a group of people as large as possible. Open source programs have been used to reduce the cost and Web GIS has been used to reach a wider audience.
The results of this study are, in addition to the workflow, three examples that are based on the workflow. The first intends to be a basic map viewer where the user can decide which layers that should be visualized. The second example describes how geographic data can be edited through a web browser and consequently updating a database remotely. The last example is intended to describe how the workflow can be used for visualize the development in one specific project.},
  author       = {Andersson, Patrik and Jürisoo, Anders},
  keyword      = {Web GIS,informal settlements,maps,open source. rural planning,informella bosättningar,kartor,öppen källkod,landsbygdsplanering},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Thesis in geographical information technics},
  title        = {Effective use of open source GIS in rural planning in South Africa},
  year         = {2011},
}