Skip to main content

LUP Student Papers

LUND UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES

Hur tolkas regional fysisk planering i kommunala översiktsplaner?

Frisk, Hanna LU (2013) MVEM30 20131
Studies in Environmental Science
Abstract
The society is constantly changing because of the globalization and the requirements of specialization increases. In regional growth policies regional expansion is advocated as a mean of increasing economic growth. Increased mobility is a prerequisite for regional expansion, something that conflicts with established climate and transport policy objectives. This essay examines how municipalities in Scania is planning for the built environment and if the spatial planning contribute to an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level, with focus on personal transportation. The project Strukturbild för Skåne is Region Skåne’s attempt to link the regional development program with the municipal comprehensive plans. The actors have... (More)
The society is constantly changing because of the globalization and the requirements of specialization increases. In regional growth policies regional expansion is advocated as a mean of increasing economic growth. Increased mobility is a prerequisite for regional expansion, something that conflicts with established climate and transport policy objectives. This essay examines how municipalities in Scania is planning for the built environment and if the spatial planning contribute to an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level, with focus on personal transportation. The project Strukturbild för Skåne is Region Skåne’s attempt to link the regional development program with the municipal comprehensive plans. The actors have together developed a structure image for Scania including common strategies to develop a polycentric regional physical structure. Therefore, this essay also examines if the structural image of Scania contribute to an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level and if the municipal spatial planning contributes to the fulfilling of the structural image. The purposes have been answered by using qualitative methods for the gathering of empirical data. Initially a literature survey was conducted to explain what research says about the relationship between physical structures, transport patterns and energy consumption. Several physical measures for an energy efficient transport pattern were identified during the literature survey. Comprehensive municipal plans were examined by textual analysis and plan architects were interviewed to examine how the physical measures are reflected in the spatial planning.

The result shows that the municipalities in Scania are including the physical measures needed for a future energy efficient transport pattern in their comprehensive planning. The main strategy is to plan for cohesive and dense urban agglomerations, but the planning focus on a dense city center and a gradually decreasing density towards the agglomerations edge zone. The strategy is to prioritize the expansion of a few urban agglomerations and avoid scattered rural settlements. Another main strategy is to locate new development areas with access and closeness to transport infrastructure, i.e. close to the train stop and/or the bus stop. An unexpected result was the lack of agreed and established definitions on distance concepts such as close to a train station, close to public transport mode, acceptable cycling distance and acceptable walking distance. An additional result was that the municipalities are planning the largest expansion in the urban agglomeration were the train station is located. This does not mean a conscious prioritization of the train station. Instead, the main reason seems to be that the urban agglomeration is the county seat. The result also shows that proximity to a train station is not always regarded more valuable than proximity to a bus stop when analyzing a location of a development area, and no municipality exclusively prioritizes an expansion of agglomerations that have a train station. Another municipal strategy is to plan for multi-functional areas and to some extent for multi-functional buildings. As for distance concepts the definitions of multi-functional areas are varying between the municipalities. The municipalities argue that their comprehensive planning contribute to a polycentric regional physical structure but the result shows that the local planning rather result in a dispersed regional structure. This indicates that it is problematic to translate a regional structural image in the local spatial planning.

The conclusion is that the ambition of an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level are included in the municipal comprehensive planning. However, it is difficult to determine if the planning steer the development in a desirable direction. Reasons are that a comprehensive plan is not legally binding and that consistent definitions of planning concepts are absent. Therefore, municipal spatial planning is pointing in different directions. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Frisk, Hanna LU
supervisor
organization
course
MVEM30 20131
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
energisnålt regionalt transportmönster, strukturbild för Skåne, regional tillväxtpolitik, fysisk planering, översiktsplaner
language
Swedish
id
4057879
date added to LUP
2013-12-10 10:34:41
date last changed
2013-12-10 10:34:41
@misc{4057879,
  abstract     = {The society is constantly changing because of the globalization and the requirements of specialization increases. In regional growth policies regional expansion is advocated as a mean of increasing economic growth. Increased mobility is a prerequisite for regional expansion, something that conflicts with established climate and transport policy objectives. This essay examines how municipalities in Scania is planning for the built environment and if the spatial planning contribute to an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level, with focus on personal transportation. The project Strukturbild för Skåne is Region Skåne’s attempt to link the regional development program with the municipal comprehensive plans. The actors have together developed a structure image for Scania including common strategies to develop a polycentric regional physical structure. Therefore, this essay also examines if the structural image of Scania contribute to an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level and if the municipal spatial planning contributes to the fulfilling of the structural image. The purposes have been answered by using qualitative methods for the gathering of empirical data. Initially a literature survey was conducted to explain what research says about the relationship between physical structures, transport patterns and energy consumption. Several physical measures for an energy efficient transport pattern were identified during the literature survey. Comprehensive municipal plans were examined by textual analysis and plan architects were interviewed to examine how the physical measures are reflected in the spatial planning. 

The result shows that the municipalities in Scania are including the physical measures needed for a future energy efficient transport pattern in their comprehensive planning. The main strategy is to plan for cohesive and dense urban agglomerations, but the planning focus on a dense city center and a gradually decreasing density towards the agglomerations edge zone. The strategy is to prioritize the expansion of a few urban agglomerations and avoid scattered rural settlements. Another main strategy is to locate new development areas with access and closeness to transport infrastructure, i.e. close to the train stop and/or the bus stop. An unexpected result was the lack of agreed and established definitions on distance concepts such as close to a train station, close to public transport mode, acceptable cycling distance and acceptable walking distance. An additional result was that the municipalities are planning the largest expansion in the urban agglomeration were the train station is located. This does not mean a conscious prioritization of the train station. Instead, the main reason seems to be that the urban agglomeration is the county seat. The result also shows that proximity to a train station is not always regarded more valuable than proximity to a bus stop when analyzing a location of a development area, and no municipality exclusively prioritizes an expansion of agglomerations that have a train station. Another municipal strategy is to plan for multi-functional areas and to some extent for multi-functional buildings. As for distance concepts the definitions of multi-functional areas are varying between the municipalities. The municipalities argue that their comprehensive planning contribute to a polycentric regional physical structure but the result shows that the local planning rather result in a dispersed regional structure. This indicates that it is problematic to translate a regional structural image in the local spatial planning. 

The conclusion is that the ambition of an energy efficient transport pattern at a regional level are included in the municipal comprehensive planning. However, it is difficult to determine if the planning steer the development in a desirable direction. Reasons are that a comprehensive plan is not legally binding and that consistent definitions of planning concepts are absent. Therefore, municipal spatial planning is pointing in different directions.},
  author       = {Frisk, Hanna},
  keyword      = {energisnålt regionalt transportmönster,strukturbild för Skåne,regional tillväxtpolitik,fysisk planering,översiktsplaner},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Hur tolkas regional fysisk planering i kommunala översiktsplaner?},
  year         = {2013},
}