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3D Delineation: A modernisation of drawing methodology for field archaeology

Kimball, Justin LU (2014) ARKM21 20141
Archaeology
Abstract
A recent trend concerning archaeological research has focused on producing a real-time methodology for 3D digital models as archaeological documentation within the excavation setting. While such methodologies have now firmly been established, what remains is to explore how 3D models can be integrated more fully alongside other forms of archaeological documentation. This thesis explored one avenue by developing a method that combines the interpretative power of traditional archaeological drawings and the realistic visualisation capacity of 3D digital models. An experiment was developed during archaeological excavations at Uppåkra, Sweden where photographic data was captured to produce 3D digital models through Photoscan. These models were... (More)
A recent trend concerning archaeological research has focused on producing a real-time methodology for 3D digital models as archaeological documentation within the excavation setting. While such methodologies have now firmly been established, what remains is to explore how 3D models can be integrated more fully alongside other forms of archaeological documentation. This thesis explored one avenue by developing a method that combines the interpretative power of traditional archaeological drawings and the realistic visualisation capacity of 3D digital models. An experiment was developed during archaeological excavations at Uppåkra, Sweden where photographic data was captured to produce 3D digital models through Photoscan. These models were geospatially located within ESRI’s 3D GIS ArcScene where shapefile editing tools were used to draw overtop of their surfaces in three-dimensions. All drawings followed closely the single context method of drawing, were allotted context numbers, and given descriptive geodatabase attributes. This methodology resulted in the further integration of 3D models alongside other forms of archaeological documentation. The drawings increased the communicative powers of archaeological interpretation by enabling the information to be disseminated in a 3D environment alongside other formats of data that would have otherwise been disconnected in 2D space. Finally, the database attributes permitted the drawings complete integration within the geodatabase, thereby making them available for query and other analytical procedures. Archaeological information is three-dimensional, therefore archaeologists must begin to approach documentation bearing this in mind. This technique has demonstrated that 3D models are a fluidic form of documentation allowing for accurate preservation of archaeology while enabling new forms of data to be derived all within a limited amount of time. Archaeologists must begin to affect change towards embracing 3D models and their associated applications as a standard tool within the excavator’s toolbox. (Less)
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author
Kimball, Justin LU
supervisor
organization
course
ARKM21 20141
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
transparency, archaeological photography, excavation documentation, excavation methodology, field archaeology, 3D drawing, archaeological drawing, MSR, 3D modelling, multi-view stereo reconstruction, reconstruction, 3D/4D GIS
language
English
id
4451659
date added to LUP
2014-06-26 10:36:39
date last changed
2014-06-26 10:36:39
@misc{4451659,
  abstract     = {A recent trend concerning archaeological research has focused on producing a real-time methodology for 3D digital models as archaeological documentation within the excavation setting. While such methodologies have now firmly been established, what remains is to explore how 3D models can be integrated more fully alongside other forms of archaeological documentation. This thesis explored one avenue by developing a method that combines the interpretative power of traditional archaeological drawings and the realistic visualisation capacity of 3D digital models. An experiment was developed during archaeological excavations at Uppåkra, Sweden where photographic data was captured to produce 3D digital models through Photoscan. These models were geospatially located within ESRI’s 3D GIS ArcScene where shapefile editing tools were used to draw overtop of their surfaces in three-dimensions. All drawings followed closely the single context method of drawing, were allotted context numbers, and given descriptive geodatabase attributes. This methodology resulted in the further integration of 3D models alongside other forms of archaeological documentation. The drawings increased the communicative powers of archaeological interpretation by enabling the information to be disseminated in a 3D environment alongside other formats of data that would have otherwise been disconnected in 2D space. Finally, the database attributes permitted the drawings complete integration within the geodatabase, thereby making them available for query and other analytical procedures. Archaeological information is three-dimensional, therefore archaeologists must begin to approach documentation bearing this in mind. This technique has demonstrated that 3D models are a fluidic form of documentation allowing for accurate preservation of archaeology while enabling new forms of data to be derived all within a limited amount of time. Archaeologists must begin to affect change towards embracing 3D models and their associated applications as a standard tool within the excavator’s toolbox.},
  author       = {Kimball, Justin},
  keyword      = {transparency,archaeological photography,excavation documentation,excavation methodology,field archaeology,3D drawing,archaeological drawing,MSR,3D modelling,multi-view stereo reconstruction,reconstruction,3D/4D GIS},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {3D Delineation: A modernisation of drawing methodology for field archaeology},
  year         = {2014},
}