Advanced

The Response of Marital Fertility to Short term Macroeconomic Crisis An Event History Analysis, Ethiopia: 1973-2011

Kebede, Endale LU (2014) EKHM52 20141
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Abstract: This thesis combined the individual level longitudinal data, from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey, with annual GDP and price indicators, to examine the response of marital fertility to short term macroeconomic stress that Ethiopians has been facing in the last forty years. A two-level discrete time random effect models were employed to estimate the risk of next birth. Rural households, landed and agrarians responded strongly to short term economic stresses. The death of the previous child, education and service sector employment are important moderates of the effect of economic hardships. Strong and significant response is observed only in the second year after the crisis, which evidenced to the absence of... (More)
Abstract: This thesis combined the individual level longitudinal data, from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey, with annual GDP and price indicators, to examine the response of marital fertility to short term macroeconomic stress that Ethiopians has been facing in the last forty years. A two-level discrete time random effect models were employed to estimate the risk of next birth. Rural households, landed and agrarians responded strongly to short term economic stresses. The death of the previous child, education and service sector employment are important moderates of the effect of economic hardships. Strong and significant response is observed only in the second year after the crisis, which evidenced to the absence of planned and deliberate birth controls in this agrarian society. Instead, it pointed to the importance of temporary migration of family member as a coping mechanism to shocks. Similarly, a crisis –induced malnutrition was a plausible mechanism to lower marital fertility in the second year of economic crisis. The study calls for policy measures in improving the productivity and diversified income sources of the small holder agrarians, and reduction of infant and child mortality as a an important tool to lower total fertility rate in the country. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Kebede, Endale LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHM52 20141
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
marital fertility, hazards, birth intervals, Keywords: economic stress
language
English
id
4499609
date added to LUP
2014-06-24 13:17:11
date last changed
2014-06-24 13:17:11
@misc{4499609,
  abstract     = {Abstract: This thesis combined the individual level longitudinal data, from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey, with annual GDP and price indicators, to examine the response of marital fertility to short term macroeconomic stress that Ethiopians has been facing in the last forty years. A two-level discrete time random effect models were employed to estimate the risk of next birth. Rural households, landed and agrarians responded strongly to short term economic stresses. The death of the previous child, education and service sector employment are important moderates of the effect of economic hardships. Strong and significant response is observed only in the second year after the crisis, which evidenced to the absence of planned and deliberate birth controls in this agrarian society. Instead, it pointed to the importance of temporary migration of family member as a coping mechanism to shocks. Similarly, a crisis –induced malnutrition was a plausible mechanism to lower marital fertility in the second year of economic crisis. The study calls for policy measures in improving the productivity and diversified income sources of the small holder agrarians, and reduction of infant and child mortality as a an important tool to lower total fertility rate in the country.},
  author       = {Kebede, Endale},
  keyword      = {marital fertility,hazards,birth intervals,Keywords: economic stress},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {The Response of Marital Fertility to Short term Macroeconomic Crisis An Event History Analysis, Ethiopia: 1973-2011},
  year         = {2014},
}