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När någon i gruppen inte gör det den ska - Attityder till en gruppmedlem som ägnar sig åt social loafing

Möller, Eric LU and Nyholm, Elna LU (2015) PSYK11 20142
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Something that will often occur in group work is that group members do less work than they should; a phenomenon called social loafing. The purpose of this paper is to examine attitudes to a social loafer, and if those attitudes changes depending on which explanation is given, and also if there is a connection between the attitudes and personality and degree of need for cognition. The method that was used was a survey in which 82 students at Lund University participated. In the survey there was a scenario in two parts. The scenario described a situation of social loafing, and the second part was in two versions, one with a legitimate explanation and one with a non-legitimate explanation. After the scenario there were statements and... (More)
Something that will often occur in group work is that group members do less work than they should; a phenomenon called social loafing. The purpose of this paper is to examine attitudes to a social loafer, and if those attitudes changes depending on which explanation is given, and also if there is a connection between the attitudes and personality and degree of need for cognition. The method that was used was a survey in which 82 students at Lund University participated. In the survey there was a scenario in two parts. The scenario described a situation of social loafing, and the second part was in two versions, one with a legitimate explanation and one with a non-legitimate explanation. After the scenario there were statements and questions, last in the survey there were tests that measured personal traits. The result showed that the participants had negative attitudes against the social loafer in the scenario. The social loafer was faced with even more negative attitudes when there was a non-legitimate explanation. A legitimate explanation led to less negative attitudes among the participants, this was in line with the hypothesis. There was no significant correlation between need for cognition and the participants’ attitudes to the social loafer. Participants with a high level of conscientiousness had more negative attitudes towards the social loafer after the first part of the scenario. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
I grupparbeten förekommer ofta ett fenomen som kallas social loafing - att gruppmedlemmar gör mindre än de ska. Denna uppsats har som syfte att undersöka attityder till en person som ägnar sig åt social loafing, och huruvida dessa attityder ändras beroende på vilken förklaring som sedan ges, samt om det finns ett samband mellan dessa attityder och personlighet och grad av need for cognition. Metoden som användes var en enkätundersökning i vilken 82 studenter vid Lunds universitet deltog. Enkäten innehöll ett scenario i två delar. Scenariot beskrev en social loafing-situation, och den andra delen fanns i två versioner, en med legitim förklaring och en med icke-legitim. Scenariot hade efterföljande påståenden och frågor, sist i enkäten fanns... (More)
I grupparbeten förekommer ofta ett fenomen som kallas social loafing - att gruppmedlemmar gör mindre än de ska. Denna uppsats har som syfte att undersöka attityder till en person som ägnar sig åt social loafing, och huruvida dessa attityder ändras beroende på vilken förklaring som sedan ges, samt om det finns ett samband mellan dessa attityder och personlighet och grad av need for cognition. Metoden som användes var en enkätundersökning i vilken 82 studenter vid Lunds universitet deltog. Enkäten innehöll ett scenario i två delar. Scenariot beskrev en social loafing-situation, och den andra delen fanns i två versioner, en med legitim förklaring och en med icke-legitim. Scenariot hade efterföljande påståenden och frågor, sist i enkäten fanns test som mätte olika personegenskaper. Resultatet visade att deltagarna hade negativa attityder gentemot personen som ägnade sig åt social loafing i scenariot. Personen bemöttes med än mer negativa attityder vid en icke-legitim förklaring. En legitim förklaring leder till mindre negativa attityder bland deltagarna, detta i enlighet med hypotesen. Need for cognition visade sig inte signifikant samvariera med deltagarnas attityder till personen. Deltagare med hög grad av conscientiousness hade mer negativa attityder till personen efter scenariots första del. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Möller, Eric LU and Nyholm, Elna LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20142
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
personality, need for cognition, students, group work, personlighet, social loafing, grupparbete, studenter, attityder, attitudes
language
Swedish
id
5048231
date added to LUP
2015-02-12 08:30:04
date last changed
2015-02-12 08:30:04
@misc{5048231,
  abstract     = {Something that will often occur in group work is that group members do less work than they should; a phenomenon called social loafing. The purpose of this paper is to examine attitudes to a social loafer, and if those attitudes changes depending on which explanation is given, and also if there is a connection between the attitudes and personality and degree of need for cognition. The method that was used was a survey in which 82 students at Lund University participated. In the survey there was a scenario in two parts. The scenario described a situation of social loafing, and the second part was in two versions, one with a legitimate explanation and one with a non-legitimate explanation. After the scenario there were statements and questions, last in the survey there were tests that measured personal traits. The result showed that the participants had negative attitudes against the social loafer in the scenario. The social loafer was faced with even more negative attitudes when there was a non-legitimate explanation. A legitimate explanation led to less negative attitudes among the participants, this was in line with the hypothesis. There was no significant correlation between need for cognition and the participants’ attitudes to the social loafer. Participants with a high level of conscientiousness had more negative attitudes towards the social loafer after the first part of the scenario.},
  author       = {Möller, Eric and Nyholm, Elna},
  keyword      = {personality,need for cognition,students,group work,personlighet,social loafing,grupparbete,studenter,attityder,attitudes},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {När någon i gruppen inte gör det den ska - Attityder till en gruppmedlem som ägnar sig åt social loafing},
  year         = {2015},
}