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Barnen från S:t Jakob: tolkning av socioekonomisk kontext utifrån en osteologisk analys av S:t Jakob i Lund

Petersen, Maria LU (2015) HOSK04 20142
Historical Osteology
Abstract
S:t Jacobs church and burial site from medieval Lund was excavated in 1983. There has until now not been any osteological study and there is nearly no information about the church. To gain more information about the church and the burials, an osteological study has now been made. The analysis is based on aging and sexing the skeletons to enable a socio-economic discussion. 93 out of 320 excavated graves was examined and the material was divided into two time periods, 1100-1200 and 1200-1560. It was possible to determine age from all of the skeletons though it was only possible to determine sex from 31 skeletons, 26 of these were dated to 1100-1200 and 8 was dated to 1200-1560. The division between males and females was relatively equal and... (More)
S:t Jacobs church and burial site from medieval Lund was excavated in 1983. There has until now not been any osteological study and there is nearly no information about the church. To gain more information about the church and the burials, an osteological study has now been made. The analysis is based on aging and sexing the skeletons to enable a socio-economic discussion. 93 out of 320 excavated graves was examined and the material was divided into two time periods, 1100-1200 and 1200-1560. It was possible to determine age from all of the skeletons though it was only possible to determine sex from 31 skeletons, 26 of these were dated to 1100-1200 and 8 was dated to 1200-1560. The division between males and females was relatively equal and the adult age corresponded to the result of other contemporary graveyards from Lund. The result also showed that about one third of the burials were children. The reason why there were so many children buried at S:t Jacobs churchyard remains uncertain, but a few theories is presented. The paper discusses if the result depends on the fact that Lund was growing quickly or even the placement of the graves, since only the area in front of the choir is excavated. The main theory is a possible orphanage due to the high amount of children, but also because the friary of S:t Jacob have been known for taking care of orphan children in Europe during this time period. A future study of diseases would be especially interesting for testing the possible theories. (Less)
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author
Petersen, Maria LU
supervisor
organization
course
HOSK04 20142
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Sexing, aging, Social Status, Medieval, Lund, St. Jakob’s Cemetary.
language
Swedish
id
5385837
date added to LUP
2015-06-12 15:11:23
date last changed
2015-06-12 15:11:23
@misc{5385837,
  abstract     = {S:t Jacobs church and burial site from medieval Lund was excavated in 1983. There has until now not been any osteological study and there is nearly no information about the church. To gain more information about the church and the burials, an osteological study has now been made. The analysis is based on aging and sexing the skeletons to enable a socio-economic discussion. 93 out of 320 excavated graves was examined and the material was divided into two time periods, 1100-1200 and 1200-1560. It was possible to determine age from all of the skeletons though it was only possible to determine sex from 31 skeletons, 26 of these were dated to 1100-1200 and 8 was dated to 1200-1560. The division between males and females was relatively equal and the adult age corresponded to the result of other contemporary graveyards from Lund. The result also showed that about one third of the burials were children. The reason why there were so many children buried at S:t Jacobs churchyard remains uncertain, but a few theories is presented. The paper discusses if the result depends on the fact that Lund was growing quickly or even the placement of the graves, since only the area in front of the choir is excavated. The main theory is a possible orphanage due to the high amount of children, but also because the friary of S:t Jacob have been known for taking care of orphan children in Europe during this time period. A future study of diseases would be especially interesting for testing the possible theories.},
  author       = {Petersen, Maria},
  keyword      = {Sexing,aging,Social Status,Medieval,Lund,St. Jakob’s Cemetary.},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Barnen från S:t Jakob: tolkning av socioekonomisk kontext utifrån en osteologisk analys av S:t Jakob i Lund},
  year         = {2015},
}