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Rättskraft för supplerande moment i stadfästa förlikningsavtal

Hellström, Matilda LU (2015) LAGF03 20151
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract (Swedish)
När parterna i en tvist kommit överens och reglerat sina mellanhavanden i ett förlikningsavtal kan de begära att domstolen stadfäster förlikningsöverenskommelsen genom dom. Förlikningsavtalet blir då exigibelt och vinner rättskraft. Avtalet kan reglera fler rättsförhållanden än vad den ursprungliga tvisten handlade om, och det finns inget hinder för domstolen att stadfästa förlikningsavtalet även i den delen. De ytterligare rättsförhållanden som går utöver det som utgjorde saken i tvisten kallas supplerande moment och kan utgöras av vilka rättsförhållanden mellan parterna som helst. Avtalet blir exigibelt och vinner rättskraft även med avseende på de supplerande momenten.

HD har fastslagit att supplerande moment vinner rättskraft och... (More)
När parterna i en tvist kommit överens och reglerat sina mellanhavanden i ett förlikningsavtal kan de begära att domstolen stadfäster förlikningsöverenskommelsen genom dom. Förlikningsavtalet blir då exigibelt och vinner rättskraft. Avtalet kan reglera fler rättsförhållanden än vad den ursprungliga tvisten handlade om, och det finns inget hinder för domstolen att stadfästa förlikningsavtalet även i den delen. De ytterligare rättsförhållanden som går utöver det som utgjorde saken i tvisten kallas supplerande moment och kan utgöras av vilka rättsförhållanden mellan parterna som helst. Avtalet blir exigibelt och vinner rättskraft även med avseende på de supplerande momenten.

HD har fastslagit att supplerande moment vinner rättskraft och att en stämningsansökan därför ska avvisas på grund av res judicata om en talan avser samma sak som reglerats i ett stadfäst förlikningsavtal. Det kan dock diskuteras om supplerande moment bör omfattas av rättskraft eftersom diverse problem kan uppstå. Exempelvis får parterna makt att avtala om rättskraftens utsträckning och en osäkerhet om vilka rättsförhållanden ett förlikningsavtal faktiskt omfattar, och som ska resultera i avvisning på grund av res judicata, kan uppstå.

För att lösa de problem som kan uppstå kan det införas en begränsning av vilka supplerande moment som får införas i ett av domstol stadfäst förlikningsavtal. Domstolens materiella processledning måste i sådana fall utvidgas. Det andra alternativet är att rättskraften begränsas av 17 kap. 11§ RB och att bara saken i förlikningsavtalet vinner rättskraft.

Frågan om supplerande moments rättskraft har inte diskuterats i större omfattning i rättskällorna och det här är första gången ett större arbete sammanställs inom området. (Less)
Abstract
When the parties to a dispute have come to an agreement and have settled their differences in a conciliation agreement, they can request that the court confirm the agreement by delivering judgement. The conciliation agreement then becomes executable and gains legal force. The agreement may regulate more legal matters than the original dispute concerned, and there is no impediment for the court to confirm the agreement in that part as well. The additional legal matters that extend beyond what was the core matter in the dispute are called supplementary parts, and any legal relationship can constitute a supplementary part. The agreement becomes executable and gains legal force in regard to the supplementary parts as well.

The Supreme Court... (More)
When the parties to a dispute have come to an agreement and have settled their differences in a conciliation agreement, they can request that the court confirm the agreement by delivering judgement. The conciliation agreement then becomes executable and gains legal force. The agreement may regulate more legal matters than the original dispute concerned, and there is no impediment for the court to confirm the agreement in that part as well. The additional legal matters that extend beyond what was the core matter in the dispute are called supplementary parts, and any legal relationship can constitute a supplementary part. The agreement becomes executable and gains legal force in regard to the supplementary parts as well.

The Supreme Court has confirmed that supplementary parts gains legal force and that an application for summons shall be dismissed due to res judicata if it refers to the same thing that has been confirmed in a conciliation agreement. It can however be discussed if supplementary parts should be subject to legal force since various problems can arise. For example, the parties gain power to agree on the extent of the legal force and an uncertainty of which legal matters the conciliation agreement actually covers may arise.

To solve the problems that can occur, a restriction as to what supplementary parts can be implemented in a conciliation agreement and confirmed by a court may be applied. The courts direction of proceedings would have to be extended in that case. The other alternative is that the legal force is restricted by article 11 in chapter 17 of the Swedish Code of Judicial Procedure and that only the core matter of the dispute gains legal force.

The issue of supplementary parts’ legal force have not been discussed to any great extent in the sources of law and this is the first time an extended essay on the subject is compiled. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Hellström, Matilda LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20151
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Processrätt (en. civil procedure), stadfästelse, förlikning, förlikningsavtal
language
Swedish
id
5431368
date added to LUP
2015-07-03 14:59:06
date last changed
2015-07-07 13:27:40
@misc{5431368,
  abstract     = {When the parties to a dispute have come to an agreement and have settled their differences in a conciliation agreement, they can request that the court confirm the agreement by delivering judgement. The conciliation agreement then becomes executable and gains legal force. The agreement may regulate more legal matters than the original dispute concerned, and there is no impediment for the court to confirm the agreement in that part as well. The additional legal matters that extend beyond what was the core matter in the dispute are called supplementary parts, and any legal relationship can constitute a supplementary part. The agreement becomes executable and gains legal force in regard to the supplementary parts as well.

The Supreme Court has confirmed that supplementary parts gains legal force and that an application for summons shall be dismissed due to res judicata if it refers to the same thing that has been confirmed in a conciliation agreement. It can however be discussed if supplementary parts should be subject to legal force since various problems can arise. For example, the parties gain power to agree on the extent of the legal force and an uncertainty of which legal matters the conciliation agreement actually covers may arise.

To solve the problems that can occur, a restriction as to what supplementary parts can be implemented in a conciliation agreement and confirmed by a court may be applied. The courts direction of proceedings would have to be extended in that case. The other alternative is that the legal force is restricted by article 11 in chapter 17 of the Swedish Code of Judicial Procedure and that only the core matter of the dispute gains legal force.

The issue of supplementary parts’ legal force have not been discussed to any great extent in the sources of law and this is the first time an extended essay on the subject is compiled.},
  author       = {Hellström, Matilda},
  keyword      = {Processrätt (en. civil procedure),stadfästelse,förlikning,förlikningsavtal},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Rättskraft för supplerande moment i stadfästa förlikningsavtal},
  year         = {2015},
}