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Wartime Sexual Violence: The Case of Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)

Johansson, Martina LU (2015) SIMV95 20151
Graduate School
Department of Political Science
Master of Science in Development Studies
Abstract
The terrorist group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has in the recent year received much attention in the media for using sexual violence against women and girls in Iraq. This thesis investigates why sexual violence in wartime occurs by analysing the reasons for why ISIL uses sexual violence against women and girls in Iraq. Three theories are tested on the case of ISIL: the first is related to religious doctrines, in terms of how these may result in sexual violence; the second concerns how sexual violence can be used as a weapon of war; and the third suggests that sexual violence is used to uphold notions of masculinity. The methodological approach is qualitative content analysis of seven reports containing information about... (More)
The terrorist group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has in the recent year received much attention in the media for using sexual violence against women and girls in Iraq. This thesis investigates why sexual violence in wartime occurs by analysing the reasons for why ISIL uses sexual violence against women and girls in Iraq. Three theories are tested on the case of ISIL: the first is related to religious doctrines, in terms of how these may result in sexual violence; the second concerns how sexual violence can be used as a weapon of war; and the third suggests that sexual violence is used to uphold notions of masculinity. The methodological approach is qualitative content analysis of seven reports containing information about ISIL as a perpetrator of sexual violence, while taking on a constructivist standpoint and utilising social structures that form identities and create expectations on behaviours. The final findings demonstrate that the sexual violence committed by ISIL can be explained as a weapon of war and has been used against the Yezidi community strategically. Yet the underlying reason for why ISIL uses sexual violence is related to their religious doctrine which is justifying and encouraging sexual violence. (Less)
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author
Johansson, Martina LU
supervisor
organization
course
SIMV95 20151
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Sexual Violence, ISIL, Religious Doctrines, Masculinities, Weapon of War
language
English
id
5468180
date added to LUP
2015-06-16 10:28:38
date last changed
2015-06-18 14:04:25
@misc{5468180,
  abstract     = {The terrorist group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) has in the recent year received much attention in the media for using sexual violence against women and girls in Iraq. This thesis investigates why sexual violence in wartime occurs by analysing the reasons for why ISIL uses sexual violence against women and girls in Iraq. Three theories are tested on the case of ISIL: the first is related to religious doctrines, in terms of how these may result in sexual violence; the second concerns how sexual violence can be used as a weapon of war; and the third suggests that sexual violence is used to uphold notions of masculinity. The methodological approach is qualitative content analysis of seven reports containing information about ISIL as a perpetrator of sexual violence, while taking on a constructivist standpoint and utilising social structures that form identities and create expectations on behaviours. The final findings demonstrate that the sexual violence committed by ISIL can be explained as a weapon of war and has been used against the Yezidi community strategically. Yet the underlying reason for why ISIL uses sexual violence is related to their religious doctrine which is justifying and encouraging sexual violence.},
  author       = {Johansson, Martina},
  keyword      = {Sexual Violence,ISIL,Religious Doctrines,Masculinities,Weapon of War},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Wartime Sexual Violence: The Case of Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)},
  year         = {2015},
}