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Implementation of solar energy at ESS for power supply and waste heat recycling

Kanje Nordberg, Ola LU and Uvelius, Alexandra (2015) In CODEN:LUTEDX/TEIE EIE920 20151
Industrial Electrical Engineering and Automation
Abstract (Swedish)
The advanced research that is being carried out in different science fields today requires advanced technologies; for the study of distant places and hidden elements of our universe tools like The Hubble Telescope, Voyager 2 and the Very Large Array has been to great use. In the same way, a neutron source and its instruments enable scientist to see and understand basic atomic structures and forces. It can be compared with a giant microscope for the study of different materials. The European Spallation Source, ESS, is a multidisciplinary research facility that is being built in Lund, Sweden. The facility, that will host the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world, is a significant step forward in the science of everyday life.
Even... (More)
The advanced research that is being carried out in different science fields today requires advanced technologies; for the study of distant places and hidden elements of our universe tools like The Hubble Telescope, Voyager 2 and the Very Large Array has been to great use. In the same way, a neutron source and its instruments enable scientist to see and understand basic atomic structures and forces. It can be compared with a giant microscope for the study of different materials. The European Spallation Source, ESS, is a multidisciplinary research facility that is being built in Lund, Sweden. The facility, that will host the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world, is a significant step forward in the science of everyday life.
Even though ESS will contribute greatly to the future research, the facility will be a large power consumer increasing the total power consumption in Lund with almost 30 %. To reduce the environmental impact ESS is committed to an energy concept where the use of new efficient technologies, waste heat recycling and renewable energy will result in a carbon-neutral science facility.
Due to the hazards present at the ESS site, there will be large amounts of land serving the purpose as a barrier to the citizens of Lund. This land cannot, for obvious reasons, be used for agriculture or habitation and will therefore remain unused. However, due to ESS commitment to be carbon neutral, this thesis aims to study the possibility of implementing a solar field on some of this otherwise unused land. This thesis shows that there is enough available solar irradiation and land area to implement a solar field that completely could cover the energy needs of the ESS linear accelerator. The thesis also presents a possible connection from the solar field to ESS where power could be exchanged between the solar field, ESS and the utility grid.
Another aim of the project is to investigate the concept of also extracting thermal energy from the solar field using existing technologies, which involves letting water flow at the back of the panels to extract heat. The heated water could then be used for district heating or in food production systems. The thesis shows that the amount of thermal waste heat energy extracted from ESS could almost double by also collecting the available thermal energy from the solar field. (Less)
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author
Kanje Nordberg, Ola LU and Uvelius, Alexandra
supervisor
organization
course
EIE920 20151
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
maximum power point tracking, ESS modulators, Photovoltaic thermal hybrid collectors, heat extraction, Keywords: Waste heat recycling
publication/series
CODEN:LUTEDX/TEIE
report number
5363
language
English
id
7764283
date added to LUP
2015-12-11 11:14:24
date last changed
2015-12-11 11:14:24
@misc{7764283,
  abstract     = {The advanced research that is being carried out in different science fields today requires advanced technologies; for the study of distant places and hidden elements of our universe tools like The Hubble Telescope, Voyager 2 and the Very Large Array has been to great use. In the same way, a neutron source and its instruments enable scientist to see and understand basic atomic structures and forces. It can be compared with a giant microscope for the study of different materials. The European Spallation Source, ESS, is a multidisciplinary research facility that is being built in Lund, Sweden. The facility, that will host the most intense pulsed neutron beams in the world, is a significant step forward in the science of everyday life.
Even though ESS will contribute greatly to the future research, the facility will be a large power consumer increasing the total power consumption in Lund with almost 30 %. To reduce the environmental impact ESS is committed to an energy concept where the use of new efficient technologies, waste heat recycling and renewable energy will result in a carbon-neutral science facility.
Due to the hazards present at the ESS site, there will be large amounts of land serving the purpose as a barrier to the citizens of Lund. This land cannot, for obvious reasons, be used for agriculture or habitation and will therefore remain unused. However, due to ESS commitment to be carbon neutral, this thesis aims to study the possibility of implementing a solar field on some of this otherwise unused land. This thesis shows that there is enough available solar irradiation and land area to implement a solar field that completely could cover the energy needs of the ESS linear accelerator. The thesis also presents a possible connection from the solar field to ESS where power could be exchanged between the solar field, ESS and the utility grid.
Another aim of the project is to investigate the concept of also extracting thermal energy from the solar field using existing technologies, which involves letting water flow at the back of the panels to extract heat. The heated water could then be used for district heating or in food production systems. The thesis shows that the amount of thermal waste heat energy extracted from ESS could almost double by also collecting the available thermal energy from the solar field.},
  author       = {Kanje Nordberg, Ola and Uvelius, Alexandra},
  keyword      = {maximum power point tracking,ESS modulators,Photovoltaic thermal hybrid collectors,heat extraction,Keywords: Waste heat recycling},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {CODEN:LUTEDX/TEIE},
  title        = {Implementation of solar energy at ESS for power supply and waste heat recycling},
  year         = {2015},
}