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Mass evacuation - human behavior and crowd dynamics - What do we know?

Friberg, Markus LU and Hjelm, Michael LU (2015) In LUTVDG/TVBB VBRM01 20142
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Abstract
The field of mass evacuation has existed for a long time. Already during the Roman Empire era evacuation problematic was considered. In modern times the field has gained more attention during the last couple of decades, especially for sports grounds and stadiums. Through analysis of some well-known historical crowd disasters and through a literature survey the aim has been to compile the most important findings. The aim has also been to analyze problem areas, knowledge and development opportunities. Regarding the problems of mass evacuation, preventive measures like design and contingency plan is of high importance. In addition there is a need for good communication and to take proper actions when an accident occurs. Some phenomenon that... (More)
The field of mass evacuation has existed for a long time. Already during the Roman Empire era evacuation problematic was considered. In modern times the field has gained more attention during the last couple of decades, especially for sports grounds and stadiums. Through analysis of some well-known historical crowd disasters and through a literature survey the aim has been to compile the most important findings. The aim has also been to analyze problem areas, knowledge and development opportunities. Regarding the problems of mass evacuation, preventive measures like design and contingency plan is of high importance. In addition there is a need for good communication and to take proper actions when an accident occurs. Some phenomenon that may arise during crowded situations have been found. These phenomenon are an indication that a catastrophic situation might emerge. With knowledge and understanding of those the expectation is, with the help of live video recordings and simulation softwares, to get a warning about the elevated risk for the crowd. (Less)
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author
Friberg, Markus LU and Hjelm, Michael LU
supervisor
organization
course
VBRM01 20142
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Turbulence, stop-and-go waves, bottleneck, crowd crush, crowd disaster, sports ground, stadium, mass evacuation, human behavior, fire, guidelines, communication, simulation programs, pedestrian dynamics, Bradford City fire, Ibrox disaster, Hillsborough disaster, the Love Parade disaster
publication/series
LUTVDG/TVBB
report number
5472
language
English
id
7766859
date added to LUP
2015-08-25 09:38:05
date last changed
2015-08-25 09:38:05
@misc{7766859,
  abstract     = {The field of mass evacuation has existed for a long time. Already during the Roman Empire era evacuation problematic was considered. In modern times the field has gained more attention during the last couple of decades, especially for sports grounds and stadiums. Through analysis of some well-known historical crowd disasters and through a literature survey the aim has been to compile the most important findings. The aim has also been to analyze problem areas, knowledge and development opportunities. Regarding the problems of mass evacuation, preventive measures like design and contingency plan is of high importance. In addition there is a need for good communication and to take proper actions when an accident occurs. Some phenomenon that may arise during crowded situations have been found. These phenomenon are an indication that a catastrophic situation might emerge. With knowledge and understanding of those the expectation is, with the help of live video recordings and simulation softwares, to get a warning about the elevated risk for the crowd.},
  author       = {Friberg, Markus and Hjelm, Michael},
  keyword      = {Turbulence,stop-and-go waves,bottleneck,crowd crush,crowd disaster,sports ground,stadium,mass evacuation,human behavior,fire,guidelines,communication,simulation programs,pedestrian dynamics,Bradford City fire,Ibrox disaster,Hillsborough disaster,the Love Parade disaster},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB},
  title        = {Mass evacuation - human behavior and crowd dynamics - What do we know?},
  year         = {2015},
}