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Driving a Green Economy through Carbon Taxation? Learning from the Nordic Experience

Forstorp, Moa LU (2015) In IIIEE Master thesis IMEN41 20151
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
Carbon taxation can be a crucial policy to transform towards a greener economy, which was
identified as a key strategy to achieve sustainable development at the United Nations
Conference for Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in 2012. As more countries consider the
introduction of carbon taxation and other carbon pricing mechanisms, it’s relevant to learn
from the experiences in Nordic countries, which have had carbon taxation in place since the
early 1990’s. The purpose of the thesis is to contribute to increase the understanding of
how/to what extent carbon taxes has been a driver of greener economies in Nordic countries.
In order to understand the progress towards greener economies, a horizontal review has been
conducted according... (More)
Carbon taxation can be a crucial policy to transform towards a greener economy, which was
identified as a key strategy to achieve sustainable development at the United Nations
Conference for Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in 2012. As more countries consider the
introduction of carbon taxation and other carbon pricing mechanisms, it’s relevant to learn
from the experiences in Nordic countries, which have had carbon taxation in place since the
early 1990’s. The purpose of the thesis is to contribute to increase the understanding of
how/to what extent carbon taxes has been a driver of greener economies in Nordic countries.
In order to understand the progress towards greener economies, a horizontal review has been
conducted according to 10 green economy indicators, including energy intensity, carbon
intensity and emissions intensity in the period 1990-2012. To estimate the contribution of
carbon taxes for the progress, ex-post studies about carbon taxation in Nordic countries have
been reviewed according to criteria for environmental policy evaluation, including
environmental effectiveness, equity and distributional effects, and effects on industrial
competitiveness. Analysis of the indicators shows that Nordic countries perform well on green
economy indicators, and the review of ex-post studies indicate that the carbon taxation has
contributed to the performance on some of the green economy indicators in combination
with other policy instruments. Based on the findings, a number of policy learnings regarding
carbon taxation are proposed, methodological challenges are discussed, and further research is
suggested. (Less)
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author
Forstorp, Moa LU
supervisor
organization
course
IMEN41 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Green economy, carbon taxation, Nordic environmental policy, carbon risk management, deep emission cuts
publication/series
IIIEE Master thesis
report number
2015:32
ISSN
1401-9191
language
English
id
8054716
date added to LUP
2015-10-13 08:38:09
date last changed
2015-10-19 12:43:20
@misc{8054716,
  abstract     = {Carbon taxation can be a crucial policy to transform towards a greener economy, which was
identified as a key strategy to achieve sustainable development at the United Nations
Conference for Sustainable Development (UNCSD) in 2012. As more countries consider the
introduction of carbon taxation and other carbon pricing mechanisms, it’s relevant to learn
from the experiences in Nordic countries, which have had carbon taxation in place since the
early 1990’s. The purpose of the thesis is to contribute to increase the understanding of
how/to what extent carbon taxes has been a driver of greener economies in Nordic countries.
In order to understand the progress towards greener economies, a horizontal review has been
conducted according to 10 green economy indicators, including energy intensity, carbon
intensity and emissions intensity in the period 1990-2012. To estimate the contribution of
carbon taxes for the progress, ex-post studies about carbon taxation in Nordic countries have
been reviewed according to criteria for environmental policy evaluation, including
environmental effectiveness, equity and distributional effects, and effects on industrial
competitiveness. Analysis of the indicators shows that Nordic countries perform well on green
economy indicators, and the review of ex-post studies indicate that the carbon taxation has
contributed to the performance on some of the green economy indicators in combination
with other policy instruments. Based on the findings, a number of policy learnings regarding
carbon taxation are proposed, methodological challenges are discussed, and further research is
suggested.},
  author       = {Forstorp, Moa},
  issn         = {1401-9191},
  keyword      = {Green economy,carbon taxation,Nordic environmental policy,carbon risk management,deep emission cuts},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {IIIEE Master thesis},
  title        = {Driving a Green Economy through Carbon Taxation? Learning from the Nordic Experience},
  year         = {2015},
}