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Grid-Scale Battery Storage for Variable Renewable Electricity in Sweden

Benz, Sandro LU (2015) In IIIEE Master thesis IMEN41 20151
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
This thesis explores how a market for grid-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS) can become reality in Sweden. Higher penetration levels of distributed, variable renewable energy (VRE) from wind power challenge the incumbent energy regime and require new solutions for the grid integration of renewables. As a consequence, a more flexible power system is needed in order to deal with the induced supply-side variability. Batteries, as one flexibility solution among several other options, have shown promising technological development and are a versatile electricity storage option. BESS can provide multiple benefits for different application areas on the grid at various scales. The emergence of grid-scale BESS in Sweden was analysed using... (More)
This thesis explores how a market for grid-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS) can become reality in Sweden. Higher penetration levels of distributed, variable renewable energy (VRE) from wind power challenge the incumbent energy regime and require new solutions for the grid integration of renewables. As a consequence, a more flexible power system is needed in order to deal with the induced supply-side variability. Batteries, as one flexibility solution among several other options, have shown promising technological development and are a versatile electricity storage option. BESS can provide multiple benefits for different application areas on the grid at various scales. The emergence of grid-scale BESS in Sweden was analysed using the multi-level perspective (MLP) framework on socio-technical transitions. Despite the great potential and the rapid technological progress of BESS, it was found that regulatory factors, both in Sweden and the EU, currently constitute a major barrier for the deployment of large-scale electricity storage. Moreover, Sweden looks set to continue to increase the uptake of VRE from wind power, whilst a gradual phase out of nuclear power over the next decades is also likely. Whereas this would normally have negative implications for the power system, the ample hydropower capacity and sufficient interconnection to the neighbouring Nordic countries provide, at least for the near future, enough system flexibility and therefore reducing the need for the installation of BESS. However, the uneven geographic distribution of electricity consumption and generation across Sweden might give rise to flexibility solutions for enhancing local distribution networks in the future in order to eliminate potential regional bottlenecks. (Less)
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author
Benz, Sandro LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
A Study of Market Drivers and Barriers for Grid-Scale Battery Energy Storage Applications for the Integration of Wind Power in Sweden
course
IMEN41 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Sweden, battery energy storage, variable renewable energy, wind power, transition, multi-level perspective.
publication/series
IIIEE Master thesis
report number
IIIEE Theses 2015:17
ISSN
1401-9191
language
English
id
8166983
date added to LUP
2015-11-06 13:28:15
date last changed
2015-11-06 13:28:15
@misc{8166983,
  abstract     = {This thesis explores how a market for grid-scale battery energy storage systems (BESS) can become reality in Sweden. Higher penetration levels of distributed, variable renewable energy (VRE) from wind power challenge the incumbent energy regime and require new solutions for the grid integration of renewables. As a consequence, a more flexible power system is needed in order to deal with the induced supply-side variability. Batteries, as one flexibility solution among several other options, have shown promising technological development and are a versatile electricity storage option. BESS can provide multiple benefits for different application areas on the grid at various scales. The emergence of grid-scale BESS in Sweden was analysed using the multi-level perspective (MLP) framework on socio-technical transitions. Despite the great potential and the rapid technological progress of BESS, it was found that regulatory factors, both in Sweden and the EU, currently constitute a major barrier for the deployment of large-scale electricity storage. Moreover, Sweden looks set to continue to increase the uptake of VRE from wind power, whilst a gradual phase out of nuclear power over the next decades is also likely. Whereas this would normally have negative implications for the power system, the ample hydropower capacity and sufficient interconnection to the neighbouring Nordic countries provide, at least for the near future, enough system flexibility and therefore reducing the need for the installation of BESS. However, the uneven geographic distribution of electricity consumption and generation across Sweden might give rise to flexibility solutions for enhancing local distribution networks in the future in order to eliminate potential regional bottlenecks.},
  author       = {Benz, Sandro},
  issn         = {1401-9191},
  keyword      = {Sweden,battery energy storage,variable renewable energy,wind power,transition,multi-level perspective.},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {IIIEE Master thesis},
  title        = {Grid-Scale Battery Storage for Variable Renewable Electricity in Sweden},
  year         = {2015},
}