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Repression, rehabilitering eller reparation? Svenska straffrättsliga reaktioner för unga lagöverträdare i ett komparativt perspektiv

Sjödahl, Julius LU (2016) LAGM01 20152
Department of Law
Abstract
Children and young people who commit crimes constitutes one of the most difficult and controversial issues in criminal law. The penal regulations arising in discussions vary from being repressive/punitive to being rehabilitative/supportive. As stated by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the government has proposed as Swedish law in 2016, the juvenile offenders should be treated with rehabilitation and restorative justice in order to enable their reintegration into society. Based on international obligations and examples, this essay aims at assessing and proposing improvements of Swedish penal regulations to juvenile offenders. The Swedish procedures as far as this subject matter is concerned, have been compared “vertically”... (More)
Children and young people who commit crimes constitutes one of the most difficult and controversial issues in criminal law. The penal regulations arising in discussions vary from being repressive/punitive to being rehabilitative/supportive. As stated by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the government has proposed as Swedish law in 2016, the juvenile offenders should be treated with rehabilitation and restorative justice in order to enable their reintegration into society. Based on international obligations and examples, this essay aims at assessing and proposing improvements of Swedish penal regulations to juvenile offenders. The Swedish procedures as far as this subject matter is concerned, have been compared “vertically” with international obligations according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as with guidelines from the EU and the Council of Europe. Furthermore, a “horizontal” comparison to Norway has been implemented. Comparisons indicate that the Swedish regulations largely meet the requirements of international duties with several procedures especially adapted to juvenile offenders. A vital proposal for improvement of the Swedish legislation is to adopt legal instruments that are characterized by restorative justice. This is advocated in both the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the European guidelines as well. Norway has passed penal legislations which are distinguished by restorative justice, for instance meditation and the so called “ungdomstraffet” (youth penalty). Based mainly on the principles of rehabilitation and humanity, the essay writer advocates for the adoption of the above mentioned procedures in Sweden as well. With the appropriate combination of support from society and demands posed to the youngster to take responsibility for his bad behavior, he may be motivated to a lasting change, thus increasing the possibilities for successful reintegration. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Barn och unga som begår brott är ett av straffrättens mest svårlösta och omdiskuterade områden. De straffrättsliga reaktioner som aktualiseras i diskussionerna pendlar mellan att vara repressiva/straffande eller rehabiliterande/stödjande. Enligt barnkonventionen, som av regeringen föreslås bli svensk lag under 2016, ska unga lagöverträdare bemötas med rehabilitering och reparativa metoder för att möjliggöra återanpassning och återintegrering av den unge i samhället. Syftet med förevarande examensarbete är att utifrån internationella förpliktelser och exempel värdera, samt föreslå förbättringar av, de svenska straffrättsliga reaktionerna för unga lagöverträdare. De svenska bestämmelserna på området har jämförts ”vertikalt” med... (More)
Barn och unga som begår brott är ett av straffrättens mest svårlösta och omdiskuterade områden. De straffrättsliga reaktioner som aktualiseras i diskussionerna pendlar mellan att vara repressiva/straffande eller rehabiliterande/stödjande. Enligt barnkonventionen, som av regeringen föreslås bli svensk lag under 2016, ska unga lagöverträdare bemötas med rehabilitering och reparativa metoder för att möjliggöra återanpassning och återintegrering av den unge i samhället. Syftet med förevarande examensarbete är att utifrån internationella förpliktelser och exempel värdera, samt föreslå förbättringar av, de svenska straffrättsliga reaktionerna för unga lagöverträdare. De svenska bestämmelserna på området har jämförts ”vertikalt” med internationella förpliktelser enligt barnkonventionen samt med riktlinjer från EU och Europarådet. Utöver detta har också en ”horisontell” jämförelse med Norge genomförts. Jämförelserna visar att de svenska bestämmelserna till stora delar lever upp till kraven enligt internationella förpliktelser med flera åtgärder särskilt anpassade för unga lagöverträdare. Ett viktigt förslag till förbättring av den svenska regleringen är att införa reaktioner präglade av reparativ rättvisa. Detta förespråkas i såväl barnkonventionen som i europeiska riktlinjer. Norge har valt att införa straffrättsliga reaktioner präglade av reparativ rättvisa i form av medling och det s.k. ungdomsstraffet. Det är framförallt av rehabiliterings- och humanitetsskäl som uppsatsförfattaren förespråkar införandet av dessa reaktioner också i Sverige. Med rätt kombination av stöttning från samhället och krav på den unge att ta ansvar för sitt felaktiga beteende kan denne motiveras till varaktig förändring, vilket ökar möjligheterna till framgångsrik återanpassning. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Sjödahl, Julius LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Repression, rehabilitation or restoration? Swedish penal regulations for juvenile offenders in a comparative perspective
course
LAGM01 20152
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
unga lagöverträdare, straffrätt
language
Swedish
id
8507162
date added to LUP
2016-02-04 13:37:00
date last changed
2016-02-04 13:37:00
@misc{8507162,
  abstract     = {Children and young people who commit crimes constitutes one of the most difficult and controversial issues in criminal law. The penal regulations arising in discussions vary from being repressive/punitive to being rehabilitative/supportive. As stated by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which the government has proposed as Swedish law in 2016, the juvenile offenders should be treated with rehabilitation and restorative justice in order to enable their reintegration into society. Based on international obligations and examples, this essay aims at assessing and proposing improvements of Swedish penal regulations to juvenile offenders. The Swedish procedures as far as this subject matter is concerned, have been compared “vertically” with international obligations according to the Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as with guidelines from the EU and the Council of Europe. Furthermore, a “horizontal” comparison to Norway has been implemented. Comparisons indicate that the Swedish regulations largely meet the requirements of international duties with several procedures especially adapted to juvenile offenders. A vital proposal for improvement of the Swedish legislation is to adopt legal instruments that are characterized by restorative justice. This is advocated in both the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the European guidelines as well. Norway has passed penal legislations which are distinguished by restorative justice, for instance meditation and the so called “ungdomstraffet” (youth penalty). Based mainly on the principles of rehabilitation and humanity, the essay writer advocates for the adoption of the above mentioned procedures in Sweden as well. With the appropriate combination of support from society and demands posed to the youngster to take responsibility for his bad behavior, he may be motivated to a lasting change, thus increasing the possibilities for successful reintegration.},
  author       = {Sjödahl, Julius},
  keyword      = {unga lagöverträdare,straffrätt},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Repression, rehabilitering eller reparation? Svenska straffrättsliga reaktioner för unga lagöverträdare i ett komparativt perspektiv},
  year         = {2016},
}