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Conservation Efforts for Pied Tamarins (Saguinus bicolor) - Evaluating Ecological Corridors for Restoring the Forest Fragments of Urban Manaus, Brazil

Barr, Sara (2015) BION01 20151
Degree Projects in Biology
Abstract
One of the Amazon´s most endangered species is the small New World primate, ´pied tamarin´ (Saguinus bicolor). The species only occurs in the vicinity of the Brazilian Amazonas state capital city Manaus, where greatly scattered and fragmented small patches of highly degraded forest remain. The on-going growth of Manaus urban area has created habitat fragments where the pied tamarins now try to persevere. However, the city’s incriminating matrix of busy roads and power lines, along with humans and both feral and domesticated pets, creates an impenetrable landscape for the dispersal of the species. The reduced size and poor quality of most forest fragments and the ultimate need for the dispersal of surplus individuals has highly deleterious... (More)
One of the Amazon´s most endangered species is the small New World primate, ´pied tamarin´ (Saguinus bicolor). The species only occurs in the vicinity of the Brazilian Amazonas state capital city Manaus, where greatly scattered and fragmented small patches of highly degraded forest remain. The on-going growth of Manaus urban area has created habitat fragments where the pied tamarins now try to persevere. However, the city’s incriminating matrix of busy roads and power lines, along with humans and both feral and domesticated pets, creates an impenetrable landscape for the dispersal of the species. The reduced size and poor quality of most forest fragments and the ultimate need for the dispersal of surplus individuals has highly deleterious implications for the survival of the local populations. By analysing the remaining forest fragments in urban Manaus, the aim of this study was to identify specific corridors in central Manaus that can be implemented and then to rank them according to their attributes. Having knowledge of the attributes of each passage while creating a ranking list makes planning of how to connect the fragments in order to aid the tamarin dispersal quicker and more direct. By assessing the individual grades of the corridors it will be easily recognisable where Governments, Universities, Zoos and Conservation Organizations should concentrate the most energy and resources into conserving the species. (Less)
Popular Abstract (Swedish)
Conservation efforts for the Pied Tamarin in urban Manaus, Brazil

One of the Amazons most endangered species is the small New World primate, ´pied tamarin´ (Saguinus bicolor). The species only occurs in the vicinity of the Brazilian Amazonas state capital city Manaus, where greatly scattered and fragmented small patches of highly degraded forest remain.

The on-going growth of Manaus urban area has created habitat fragments where the pied tamarins now try to persevere. However, with the city’s incriminating matrix of busy roads and power lines, along with increasing human interference, this creates an impenetrable landscape for the species dispersal. The reduced size and poor quality of most forest fragments and the eventual need for... (More)
Conservation efforts for the Pied Tamarin in urban Manaus, Brazil

One of the Amazons most endangered species is the small New World primate, ´pied tamarin´ (Saguinus bicolor). The species only occurs in the vicinity of the Brazilian Amazonas state capital city Manaus, where greatly scattered and fragmented small patches of highly degraded forest remain.

The on-going growth of Manaus urban area has created habitat fragments where the pied tamarins now try to persevere. However, with the city’s incriminating matrix of busy roads and power lines, along with increasing human interference, this creates an impenetrable landscape for the species dispersal. The reduced size and poor quality of most forest fragments and the eventual need for the dispersal of surplus individuals has highly deleterious implications for the survival of the local populations.

Conservation efforts
By analysing the remaining forest fragments in urban Manaus, the aim of this study was to identify specific wildlife corridors in central Manaus that can be implemented and later to rank them according to their attributes, e.g. type of surrounding vegetation, connecting tree canopies and intersecting traffic. Having knowledge of the attributes of each passage while creating a ranking list makes planning of how to connect the fragments in order to aid the tamarin dispersal quicker and more direct. Such an assessment of the corridors will make it easier for Governments, Universities, Zoos and Conservation Organizations to decide where energy and resources for conservation should be concentrated.

I discovered that the last persisting fragments in central Manaus are deeply scattered, and that there is an ever-increasing need to maintain and expand the remaining fragments. My conclusions involve specific recommendations based on the ranking of the passages, which hopefully can increase the chance for the tamarins to disperse, and that the remaining forest fragments can be kept in good conditions.



Handledare: Jep Agrell
Examensarbete för masterexamen 45 hp 2015
Biologiska institutionen, Lunds universitet (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Barr, Sara
supervisor
organization
course
BION01 20151
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
language
English
id
8518535
date added to LUP
2016-01-12 12:29:35
date last changed
2016-01-12 12:29:35
@misc{8518535,
  abstract     = {One of the Amazon´s most endangered species is the small New World primate, ´pied tamarin´ (Saguinus bicolor). The species only occurs in the vicinity of the Brazilian Amazonas state capital city Manaus, where greatly scattered and fragmented small patches of highly degraded forest remain. The on-going growth of Manaus urban area has created habitat fragments where the pied tamarins now try to persevere. However, the city’s incriminating matrix of busy roads and power lines, along with humans and both feral and domesticated pets, creates an impenetrable landscape for the dispersal of the species. The reduced size and poor quality of most forest fragments and the ultimate need for the dispersal of surplus individuals has highly deleterious implications for the survival of the local populations. By analysing the remaining forest fragments in urban Manaus, the aim of this study was to identify specific corridors in central Manaus that can be implemented and then to rank them according to their attributes. Having knowledge of the attributes of each passage while creating a ranking list makes planning of how to connect the fragments in order to aid the tamarin dispersal quicker and more direct. By assessing the individual grades of the corridors it will be easily recognisable where Governments, Universities, Zoos and Conservation Organizations should concentrate the most energy and resources into conserving the species.},
  author       = {Barr, Sara},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Conservation Efforts for Pied Tamarins (Saguinus bicolor) - Evaluating Ecological Corridors for Restoring the Forest Fragments of Urban Manaus, Brazil},
  year         = {2015},
}