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Sexual preferences, shame, psychological and physical health: What’s the relationship?

Fahlström, Emma LU (2016) PSYK11 20152
Department of Psychology
Abstract
This study investigated the empirical generalizability of the relationship between
sexual minorities Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual (LGBT), shame and mental and physical health. It was an extension of existing studies and inspired by the framework of Mereish and Poteat’s study in 2015, “A Relational Model of Sexual Minority Mental and Physical Health”. First hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between individuals with non-heterosexual sexual preference and shame. The second hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between psychological and physical poor health within the minority groups. Sexual preferences were examined as the third hypothesis, exploring the compatibility between... (More)
This study investigated the empirical generalizability of the relationship between
sexual minorities Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual (LGBT), shame and mental and physical health. It was an extension of existing studies and inspired by the framework of Mereish and Poteat’s study in 2015, “A Relational Model of Sexual Minority Mental and Physical Health”. First hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between individuals with non-heterosexual sexual preference and shame. The second hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between psychological and physical poor health within the minority groups. Sexual preferences were examined as the third hypothesis, exploring the compatibility between self-identified sexual preferences and assigned sexuality using the Kinsey scale. 144 Participants aged from 18 to 70 years, participated in an online survey design where they were asked 87 questions. While this study could not confirm the two first hypotheses, a positive correlation between mental distress and physical symptoms, and a significant correlation between the self-identified and the sexual preferences identified by the Kinsey Scale were found. Implications of these findings were discussed with reference to the complexity of measuring sexual minorities groups, the influence of written instructions, choice of instruments and suggestions are made for future research. (Less)
Popular Abstract
I denna studie undersöktes de sexuella minoritetsgrupperna, Lesbiska, Homosexuella, Bisexuella, Transsexuella (LGBT), relation med mental och fysiska ohälsa. Studien var inspirerad av Mereish och Poteat’s forskning i 2015, “A Relational Model of Sexual Minority Mental and Physical Health”, och fokuserade på förhållandet mellan skam, psykologisk och fysisk ohälsa. Inom studien undersöktes även sexuella preferenser med användning av Kinsey-skalan för att titta närmare på beteende i samband med identifierad sexualitet. Den första hypotesen var att det skulle finnas en relation mellan icke-heterosexuella sexuella preferenser och skam, den andra hypotesen var att det skulle finnas en positiv relation mellan psykologisk och fysiologisk ohälsa... (More)
I denna studie undersöktes de sexuella minoritetsgrupperna, Lesbiska, Homosexuella, Bisexuella, Transsexuella (LGBT), relation med mental och fysiska ohälsa. Studien var inspirerad av Mereish och Poteat’s forskning i 2015, “A Relational Model of Sexual Minority Mental and Physical Health”, och fokuserade på förhållandet mellan skam, psykologisk och fysisk ohälsa. Inom studien undersöktes även sexuella preferenser med användning av Kinsey-skalan för att titta närmare på beteende i samband med identifierad sexualitet. Den första hypotesen var att det skulle finnas en relation mellan icke-heterosexuella sexuella preferenser och skam, den andra hypotesen var att det skulle finnas en positiv relation mellan psykologisk och fysiologisk ohälsa inom de sexuella minoritetsgrupperna. Den tredje hypotesen antog en korrelation mellan Kinsey skalan och sexuella preferenser. Dessa hypoteser testades via en nät enkät. 144 deltagare mellan 18 och 70 års ålder deltog och svarade på 87 frågor. Denna undersökning kunde inte bekräfta de två hypoteserna. Dock fanns ett sammanband mellan psykologiska symptom och fysiska symptom och en positiv korrelation mellan själv-identifierad sexualitet och identifierad sexualitet av Kinsey-skalan.
Slutsatser och svårigheter diskuteras med reflektion över mätinstrument, och komplexitet av att mäta sexuella minoritetsgrupper gällande olika faktorer. Även förslag till framtida studier och fokus över vikten av potentiella faktorer och effekter såsom instruktioner och val av instrument. (Less)
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author
Fahlström, Emma LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSYK11 20152
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
psykologisk ohälsa, sexuella minoritetsgrupper, shame, physical health, mental health, sexual preferences, Kinsey scale, heterosexuals, sexual minority groups, heterosexuella, sexuella preferenser, Kinseyskala, skam, fysisk ohälsa
language
English
id
8561317
date added to LUP
2016-02-15 16:13:56
date last changed
2016-02-15 16:13:56
@misc{8561317,
  abstract     = {This study investigated the empirical generalizability of the relationship between
sexual minorities Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transsexual (LGBT), shame and mental and physical health. It was an extension of existing studies and inspired by the framework of Mereish and Poteat’s study in 2015, “A Relational Model of Sexual Minority Mental and Physical Health”. First hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between individuals with non-heterosexual sexual preference and shame. The second hypothesis was that there would be a positive correlation between psychological and physical poor health within the minority groups. Sexual preferences were examined as the third hypothesis, exploring the compatibility between self-identified sexual preferences and assigned sexuality using the Kinsey scale. 144 Participants aged from 18 to 70 years, participated in an online survey design where they were asked 87 questions. While this study could not confirm the two first hypotheses, a positive correlation between mental distress and physical symptoms, and a significant correlation between the self-identified and the sexual preferences identified by the Kinsey Scale were found. Implications of these findings were discussed with reference to the complexity of measuring sexual minorities groups, the influence of written instructions, choice of instruments and suggestions are made for future research.},
  author       = {Fahlström, Emma},
  keyword      = {psykologisk ohälsa,sexuella minoritetsgrupper,shame,physical health,mental health,sexual preferences,Kinsey scale,heterosexuals,sexual minority groups,heterosexuella,sexuella preferenser,Kinseyskala,skam,fysisk ohälsa},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Sexual preferences, shame, psychological and physical health: What’s the relationship?},
  year         = {2016},
}