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"The Kurds used to have no other friends than the mountains. But that is not true anymore."

Muren Cederstrand, Amanda LU (2016) STVK02 20161
Department of Political Science
Abstract
This paper investigates the recruitment of foreign fighters to the Kurdish armed forces YPG and YPJ, who combat the jihadist Islamic State in Western Kurdistan. The research question addresses the mystery of how people with no ties to the conflict area can be motivated to risk their lives in a distant conflict abroad, when they could just choose not to. David Malet´s theory of the framing of the conflict as crucial for successful recruitment proves useful. The paper uses narrative method on the Kurdish forces´ Facebook-page targeting potential recruits, in order to find out what “story” it tells its readers about the conflict. The results show that the recruitment page frames the conflict as hegemonic Western values in the Kurdish... (More)
This paper investigates the recruitment of foreign fighters to the Kurdish armed forces YPG and YPJ, who combat the jihadist Islamic State in Western Kurdistan. The research question addresses the mystery of how people with no ties to the conflict area can be motivated to risk their lives in a distant conflict abroad, when they could just choose not to. David Malet´s theory of the framing of the conflict as crucial for successful recruitment proves useful. The paper uses narrative method on the Kurdish forces´ Facebook-page targeting potential recruits, in order to find out what “story” it tells its readers about the conflict. The results show that the recruitment page frames the conflict as hegemonic Western values in the Kurdish community being threatened by the IS and Turkey. To the supposed Western reader these values are so familiar that it appears as if Goodness and Humanity themselves were threatened. Sharing these values, the reader experiences fellowship with the Kurdish forces. The framing of the conflict becomes an epic tale of a mythic clash between Good and Evil, rather than a political conflict between two different political ideas of society. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Muren Cederstrand, Amanda LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Om foreign fighters i västra Kurdistan
course
STVK02 20161
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
foreign fighters, Rojava, civil conflict, kurds, framing, recruitment, YPG, YPJ
language
Swedish
id
8873369
date added to LUP
2016-06-17 11:44:07
date last changed
2016-06-17 11:44:07
@misc{8873369,
  abstract     = {This paper investigates the recruitment of foreign fighters to the Kurdish armed forces YPG and YPJ, who combat the jihadist Islamic State in Western Kurdistan. The research question addresses the mystery of how people with no ties to the conflict area can be motivated to risk their lives in a distant conflict abroad, when they could just choose not to. David Malet´s theory of the framing of the conflict as crucial for successful recruitment proves useful. The paper uses narrative method on the Kurdish forces´ Facebook-page targeting potential recruits, in order to find out what “story” it tells its readers about the conflict. The results show that the recruitment page frames the conflict as hegemonic Western values in the Kurdish community being threatened by the IS and Turkey. To the supposed Western reader these values are so familiar that it appears as if Goodness and Humanity themselves were threatened. Sharing these values, the reader experiences fellowship with the Kurdish forces. The framing of the conflict becomes an epic tale of a mythic clash between Good and Evil, rather than a political conflict between two different political ideas of society.},
  author       = {Muren Cederstrand, Amanda},
  keyword      = {foreign fighters,Rojava,civil conflict,kurds,framing,recruitment,YPG,YPJ},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {"The Kurds used to have no other friends than the mountains. But that is not true anymore."},
  year         = {2016},
}