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“Är det så här man ska vara?” Upplevelser av maskulinitet hos homosexuella män

Lundin, Karin LU and Mejias Nihlén, Theodor (2016) PSPT02 20161
Department of Psychology
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of masculinity by homosexual men and the meaning of societal gender norms in relation to these experiences. Six semi-structured interviews were made with homosexual men. The material was analyzed thematically using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Four main themes were found: 1) To differ from other men, 2) Fighting with norms, 3) Ambivalence in the encounter with masculinity, 4) Not wanting to diverge. The results showed that homosexual men often need to relate to preconceptions about homosexual men as being feminine. At the same time they had to relate to norms, both in society in general and within the gay community, that men should be masculine. However, masculine... (More)
The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of masculinity by homosexual men and the meaning of societal gender norms in relation to these experiences. Six semi-structured interviews were made with homosexual men. The material was analyzed thematically using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Four main themes were found: 1) To differ from other men, 2) Fighting with norms, 3) Ambivalence in the encounter with masculinity, 4) Not wanting to diverge. The results showed that homosexual men often need to relate to preconceptions about homosexual men as being feminine. At the same time they had to relate to norms, both in society in general and within the gay community, that men should be masculine. However, masculine men were often expected to be heterosexual. A critical position towards ready-made identities was shared by many of the participants. Most of the participants had experiences of feeling different from their peers during childhood and adolescence. A common way to fit in as an adult was to emphasize one’s masculine qualities. Then one might even pass as being heterosexual. Fear of homophobia was common. The results are discussed in relation to Connell’s and Anderson’s theories of masculinity as well as Butler’s theory of the heterosexual matrix, and the concept of heteronormativity. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Syftet med studien var att undersöka homosexuella mäns erfarenhetsbaserade upplevelser av maskulinitet och samhällets könsnormers betydelse för dessa. Datainsamling gjordes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex homosexuella män. Intervjumaterialet analyserades tematiskt utifrån Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Resultatet sammanställdes i fyra huvudteman: 1) Skilja sig från andra män, 2) Kämpa med normer, 3) Ambivalens i mötet med maskulinitet och 4) Inte vilja sticka ut. Resultatet visade att homosexuella män ofta behöver förhålla sig till omgivningens förutfattade meningar om homosexuella män som feminina. Samtidigt fanns normer både i samhället i stort och i HBTQ-världen som förmedlade att män helst skulle vara... (More)
Syftet med studien var att undersöka homosexuella mäns erfarenhetsbaserade upplevelser av maskulinitet och samhällets könsnormers betydelse för dessa. Datainsamling gjordes genom semistrukturerade intervjuer med sex homosexuella män. Intervjumaterialet analyserades tematiskt utifrån Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Resultatet sammanställdes i fyra huvudteman: 1) Skilja sig från andra män, 2) Kämpa med normer, 3) Ambivalens i mötet med maskulinitet och 4) Inte vilja sticka ut. Resultatet visade att homosexuella män ofta behöver förhålla sig till omgivningens förutfattade meningar om homosexuella män som feminina. Samtidigt fanns normer både i samhället i stort och i HBTQ-världen som förmedlade att män helst skulle vara maskulina. Maskulina män förväntades dock oftast vara heterosexuella. En kritisk inställning till färdiga identiteter delades av flera. De flesta hade erfarenhet av att ha känt sig avvikande från jämnåriga pojkar under uppväxten. Ett vanligt sätt att passa in i olika sammanhang som vuxen kunde vara att framhäva sina maskulina sidor. Då kunde man även passera som heterosexuell. Rädsla för att utsättas för homofobi var vanlig. Resultatet diskuteras utifrån bland annat Connells respektive Andersons teorier om maskulinitet, Butlers teori om den heterosexuella matrisen samt begreppet heteronormativitet. (Less)
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author
Lundin, Karin LU and Mejias Nihlén, Theodor
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20161
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
HBTQ-psykologi, genuspsykologi, homosexuella män, Maskulinitet, homosexualitet, IPA, Masculinity, homosexuality, gay men, gender psychology, LGBTQ-psychology
language
Swedish
id
8878978
date added to LUP
2016-06-14 09:59:35
date last changed
2016-06-14 09:59:35
@misc{8878978,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study was to explore the experience of masculinity by homosexual men and the meaning of societal gender norms in relation to these experiences. Six semi-structured interviews were made with homosexual men. The material was analyzed thematically using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Four main themes were found: 1) To differ from other men, 2) Fighting with norms, 3) Ambivalence in the encounter with masculinity, 4) Not wanting to diverge. The results showed that homosexual men often need to relate to preconceptions about homosexual men as being feminine. At the same time they had to relate to norms, both in society in general and within the gay community, that men should be masculine. However, masculine men were often expected to be heterosexual. A critical position towards ready-made identities was shared by many of the participants. Most of the participants had experiences of feeling different from their peers during childhood and adolescence. A common way to fit in as an adult was to emphasize one’s masculine qualities. Then one might even pass as being heterosexual. Fear of homophobia was common. The results are discussed in relation to Connell’s and Anderson’s theories of masculinity as well as Butler’s theory of the heterosexual matrix, and the concept of heteronormativity.},
  author       = {Lundin, Karin and Mejias Nihlén, Theodor},
  keyword      = {HBTQ-psykologi,genuspsykologi,homosexuella män,Maskulinitet,homosexualitet,IPA,Masculinity,homosexuality,gay men,gender psychology,LGBTQ-psychology},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {“Är det så här man ska vara?” Upplevelser av maskulinitet hos homosexuella män},
  year         = {2016},
}