Advanced

Implementing a Deposit Refund System for P.E.T bottles in the Maldives: An Ex-ante Analysis of Political Feasability Based on the Models of Kiribati and Palau

Hawwa, Nashfa LU (2016) In IIIEE Masters Thesis IMEN33 20161
The International Institute for Industrial Environmental Economics
Abstract
PET waste is the most visible environmental threat in the Maldives, a Small Island Developing
State (SIDS). The thesis aims to propose the deposit refund system as a policy intervention,
and evaluates the feasibility of introducing the system in the Maldives.
In order to see how other SIDS have implemented the policy, the research uses policy
evaluation framework to analyse the implementation mechanisms (design of material and
financial flows, and allocation of roles and responsibilities) and evaluate the environmental
effectiveness of the policy, in Kiribati, and Palau, two SIDS in the Pacific. Collection of PET
bottles, and reduction of PET litter are used as proxies to assess how much the policy
achieved its goals of litter... (More)
PET waste is the most visible environmental threat in the Maldives, a Small Island Developing
State (SIDS). The thesis aims to propose the deposit refund system as a policy intervention,
and evaluates the feasibility of introducing the system in the Maldives.
In order to see how other SIDS have implemented the policy, the research uses policy
evaluation framework to analyse the implementation mechanisms (design of material and
financial flows, and allocation of roles and responsibilities) and evaluate the environmental
effectiveness of the policy, in Kiribati, and Palau, two SIDS in the Pacific. Collection of PET
bottles, and reduction of PET litter are used as proxies to assess how much the policy
achieved its goals of litter reduction. Based on these findings, and the analysis of the current
Maldivian context, a blueprint of a hypothetical deposit refund system is presented, to be
potentially implemented in the capital city of the Maldives, Male’, by the newly established
Waste Management Corporation (WAMCO). The assessment of the economic viability of
implementing a deposit refund system for one year in Male’, based on the Pacific model
demonstrate that the deposit refund system can generate a net revenue for the Corporation.
Moreover, the political feasibility of introducing this model, based on the assessment of
stakeholders’ power and interest reveal that introducing the deposit refund system in the
Maldives depend upon the interest and knowledge of policy elites and Parliamentarians
belonging to the ruling party. The ruling party has the ultimate power to induce the system,
due to the political system being fraught with challenges to democratic consolidation, uneven
distribution of power, and weak interest groups. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Hawwa, Nashfa LU
supervisor
organization
course
IMEN33 20161
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
SIDS, political feasibility, PET, Maldives, deposit-refund system
publication/series
IIIEE Masters Thesis
report number
2016:42
ISSN
1401-9191
language
English
id
8895457
date added to LUP
2016-11-28 10:30:06
date last changed
2016-11-28 10:30:06
@misc{8895457,
  abstract     = {PET waste is the most visible environmental threat in the Maldives, a Small Island Developing
State (SIDS). The thesis aims to propose the deposit refund system as a policy intervention,
and evaluates the feasibility of introducing the system in the Maldives.
In order to see how other SIDS have implemented the policy, the research uses policy
evaluation framework to analyse the implementation mechanisms (design of material and
financial flows, and allocation of roles and responsibilities) and evaluate the environmental
effectiveness of the policy, in Kiribati, and Palau, two SIDS in the Pacific. Collection of PET
bottles, and reduction of PET litter are used as proxies to assess how much the policy
achieved its goals of litter reduction. Based on these findings, and the analysis of the current
Maldivian context, a blueprint of a hypothetical deposit refund system is presented, to be
potentially implemented in the capital city of the Maldives, Male’, by the newly established
Waste Management Corporation (WAMCO). The assessment of the economic viability of
implementing a deposit refund system for one year in Male’, based on the Pacific model
demonstrate that the deposit refund system can generate a net revenue for the Corporation.
Moreover, the political feasibility of introducing this model, based on the assessment of
stakeholders’ power and interest reveal that introducing the deposit refund system in the
Maldives depend upon the interest and knowledge of policy elites and Parliamentarians
belonging to the ruling party. The ruling party has the ultimate power to induce the system,
due to the political system being fraught with challenges to democratic consolidation, uneven
distribution of power, and weak interest groups.},
  author       = {Hawwa, Nashfa},
  issn         = {1401-9191},
  keyword      = {SIDS,political feasibility,PET,Maldives,deposit-refund system},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {IIIEE Masters Thesis},
  title        = {Implementing a Deposit Refund System for P.E.T bottles in the Maldives: An Ex-ante Analysis of Political Feasability Based on the Models of Kiribati and Palau},
  year         = {2016},
}