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När var Darth Vader i badrummet? En studie om kontextinducerad eventsegmentering och psykiskt mående.

Järnehage, Hanna LU and Svensson, Amanda LU (2017) PSPT02 20162
Department of Psychology
Abstract (Swedish)
En experimentell studie undersökte kontextinducerad eventsegmentering och huruvida den samvarierar med psykiskt mående. 40 studenter deltog i studien som bestod av ett datoriserat minnestest samt självskattningsskalor, vilka mätte depression, ångest, stress och psykiskt välmående. Minnestestet operationaliserade eventsegmentering genom att mäta bias i temporal avståndsbedömning för bilder som tidigare visats med samma, olika eller utan kontext. I enlighet med hypotesen visade resultaten en signifikant skillnad i hur deltagare bedömde bildernas tidsmässiga avstånd utifrån om de visats med kontext eller utan och huruvida kontexterna varit samma eller olika. Deltagarna skattade bilder som visats med samma kontext som närmare varandra i... (More)
En experimentell studie undersökte kontextinducerad eventsegmentering och huruvida den samvarierar med psykiskt mående. 40 studenter deltog i studien som bestod av ett datoriserat minnestest samt självskattningsskalor, vilka mätte depression, ångest, stress och psykiskt välmående. Minnestestet operationaliserade eventsegmentering genom att mäta bias i temporal avståndsbedömning för bilder som tidigare visats med samma, olika eller utan kontext. I enlighet med hypotesen visade resultaten en signifikant skillnad i hur deltagare bedömde bildernas tidsmässiga avstånd utifrån om de visats med kontext eller utan och huruvida kontexterna varit samma eller olika. Deltagarna skattade bilder som visats med samma kontext som närmare varandra i signifikant högre utsträckning än bilder som visats med olika kontext. Detta tolkades som att skiftet av kontext minnesmässigt kodades som en eventgräns. Inga signifikanta resultat hittades gällande samband mellan grad av eventsegmentering och deltagarnas skattningar av mående. Svagheter i studien var det relativt låga n-talet samt att deltagarna representerade normalpopulationen, vilket minskade spridningen i självskattningsdatan. (Less)
Abstract
An experimental study examined context-induced event segmentation and its relation to mental health. 40 students participated in the study by taking a computerized memory test and filling out self-assessment forms which measured depression, anxiety, stress and psychological well-being. The memory test operationalized event segmentation by measuring bias in judgement of temporal distance between two images that earlier were shown with either the same, different or without context. In accordance with the hypothesis, the results showed a significant difference in how the participants judged the distance between the pictures if they had been shown with or without context and whether the contexts had been the same or different.
The... (More)
An experimental study examined context-induced event segmentation and its relation to mental health. 40 students participated in the study by taking a computerized memory test and filling out self-assessment forms which measured depression, anxiety, stress and psychological well-being. The memory test operationalized event segmentation by measuring bias in judgement of temporal distance between two images that earlier were shown with either the same, different or without context. In accordance with the hypothesis, the results showed a significant difference in how the participants judged the distance between the pictures if they had been shown with or without context and whether the contexts had been the same or different.
The participants estimated the distance between images shown with the same context as close significantly more often than for the images shown with different contexts. The interpretation was that the shift in background mnemonically was coded as an event boundary. No significant correlations were found between degree of event segmentation and the participants’ scores on mental health. Limitations of the study were the relatively low number of participants and the fact that the sample was taken from the normal population, decreasing the diversity in the mental health scores. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Järnehage, Hanna LU and Svensson, Amanda LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPT02 20162
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
Memory, depression, event segmentation, pattern separation, temporal distance, context-based memory, context-based event segmentation
language
Swedish
id
8898870
date added to LUP
2017-01-13 11:58:20
date last changed
2017-01-13 11:58:20
@misc{8898870,
  abstract     = {An experimental study examined context-induced event segmentation and its relation to mental health. 40 students participated in the study by taking a computerized memory test and filling out self-assessment forms which measured depression, anxiety, stress and psychological well-being. The memory test operationalized event segmentation by measuring bias in judgement of temporal distance between two images that earlier were shown with either the same, different or without context. In accordance with the hypothesis, the results showed a significant difference in how the participants judged the distance between the pictures if they had been shown with or without context and whether the contexts had been the same or different. 
The participants estimated the distance between images shown with the same context as close significantly more often than for the images shown with different contexts. The interpretation was that the shift in background mnemonically was coded as an event boundary. No significant correlations were found between degree of event segmentation and the participants’ scores on mental health. Limitations of the study were the relatively low number of participants and the fact that the sample was taken from the normal population, decreasing the diversity in the mental health scores.},
  author       = {Järnehage, Hanna and Svensson, Amanda},
  keyword      = {Memory,depression,event segmentation,pattern separation,temporal distance,context-based memory,context-based event segmentation},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {När var Darth Vader i badrummet? En studie om kontextinducerad eventsegmentering och psykiskt mående.},
  year         = {2017},
}