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Analys av storskaliga bränder och dödsbränder i höga hus med trästomme, inträffade i USA mellan 2007 och 2015

Lövström, Erika LU and Al-Breidi, Silvia LU (2017) In LUTVDG/TVBB VBRM01 20162
Division of Fire Safety Engineering
Abstract
A study is presented in the report regarding fires that have occurred in the USA between 2007 and 2015 in tall residential buildings with wood frame. The work is based on fire investigations compiled by NFPA and does only include large-scale fires and fatal fires.
The general conclusions that have been made are that sprinklers have a positive impact on the extent of a fire and that an installation of sprinkler in buildings save lives. The sprinkler system operated in 96,7 % of the studied cases, but only operated effectively in 68 % of the cases. Further, in buildings established in the 1970s, fires spread outside the original fire compartments in all the studied cases. In buildings built after the 1970s, the percentage of fires that... (More)
A study is presented in the report regarding fires that have occurred in the USA between 2007 and 2015 in tall residential buildings with wood frame. The work is based on fire investigations compiled by NFPA and does only include large-scale fires and fatal fires.
The general conclusions that have been made are that sprinklers have a positive impact on the extent of a fire and that an installation of sprinkler in buildings save lives. The sprinkler system operated in 96,7 % of the studied cases, but only operated effectively in 68 % of the cases. Further, in buildings established in the 1970s, fires spread outside the original fire compartments in all the studied cases. In buildings built after the 1970s, the percentage of fires that spread outside the original fire compartment was reduced to below 50 percent for each decade. The last conclusion is that to prevent fire spread between fire compartments in wood buildings, it is important that the detailed construction solutions are properly executed. (Less)
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author
Lövström, Erika LU and Al-Breidi, Silvia LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
A study of large-scale fires and fatal fires in tall buildings with wood frame, occured in the USA between 2007 and 2015
course
VBRM01 20162
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
Wood frame, USA, residential building, multi-storey building, fire, fire spread, sprinkler, water damage, costs, trästomme, flerbostadshus, flervåningshus, brand, brandspridning, vattenskador, kostnader
publication/series
LUTVDG/TVBB
report number
5534
other publication id
LUTVDG/TVBB--5534--SE
language
Swedish
id
8905547
date added to LUP
2017-04-21 15:50:42
date last changed
2017-04-21 15:50:42
@misc{8905547,
  abstract     = {A study is presented in the report regarding fires that have occurred in the USA between 2007 and 2015 in tall residential buildings with wood frame. The work is based on fire investigations compiled by NFPA and does only include large-scale fires and fatal fires.
The general conclusions that have been made are that sprinklers have a positive impact on the extent of a fire and that an installation of sprinkler in buildings save lives. The sprinkler system operated in 96,7 % of the studied cases, but only operated effectively in 68 % of the cases. Further, in buildings established in the 1970s, fires spread outside the original fire compartments in all the studied cases. In buildings built after the 1970s, the percentage of fires that spread outside the original fire compartment was reduced to below 50 percent for each decade. The last conclusion is that to prevent fire spread between fire compartments in wood buildings, it is important that the detailed construction solutions are properly executed.},
  author       = {Lövström, Erika and Al-Breidi, Silvia},
  keyword      = {Wood frame,USA,residential building,multi-storey building,fire,fire spread,sprinkler,water damage,costs,trästomme,flerbostadshus,flervåningshus,brand,brandspridning,vattenskador,kostnader},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {LUTVDG/TVBB},
  title        = {Analys av storskaliga bränder och dödsbränder i höga hus med trästomme, inträffade i USA mellan 2007 och 2015},
  year         = {2017},
}