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Gender Equality Deficienacy - Underrepresentation of women in decision-making levels in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cudic, Daniela LU (2017) STVK02 20171
Department of Political Science
Abstract
Why are there only 21% female politicians in the highest decision-making body,
the Parliamentary Assembly, in Bosnia & Herzegovina, when there has been
established a law that requires a 40% quota of gender representation in these
positions?
Because of all the laws and regulating documents that have been determined by
the state to improve the gender inequality issue, it can fairly be claimed that the
top-down approach is deficient in this area. That is why I am going to analyse the
importance of NGOs in gender equality development and therefore focus on a
bottom-up approach as a theory. I am going to have an anthropological feminism
perspective during my thesis, which will help me clarify the importance of gender
symmetry and that... (More)
Why are there only 21% female politicians in the highest decision-making body,
the Parliamentary Assembly, in Bosnia & Herzegovina, when there has been
established a law that requires a 40% quota of gender representation in these
positions?
Because of all the laws and regulating documents that have been determined by
the state to improve the gender inequality issue, it can fairly be claimed that the
top-down approach is deficient in this area. That is why I am going to analyse the
importance of NGOs in gender equality development and therefore focus on a
bottom-up approach as a theory. I am going to have an anthropological feminism
perspective during my thesis, which will help me clarify the importance of gender
symmetry and that the development has to be approached through social norms
instead of laws and policies. In this explanatory single case study I am going to do
a process tracing to find out the causal mechanisms between my dependent
variable Y, which is the underrepresentation of women on decision-making
positions, and the bottom-up approach X. I have chosen implications from my
empirical material, which I will be testing by putting them against my evidence in
my analysis to confirm why the bottom-up approach explains my Y. My primary
material consists of reports and documents from EU and UN, government
documents such as laws and regulations and lastly e-mail conversations I have had
with some of the NGOs that are the foundation to my evidence material. The
conclusion to my research question to why women are underrepresented in
decision-making positions is because of an ineffective approach to the gender
issue so far. Gender stereotypes and cultural norms permeate the high political
positions and are preventing women for making changes for themselves. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Cudic, Daniela LU
supervisor
organization
course
STVK02 20171
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
gender equality, Bosnia and Herzegovina, female underrepresentation, gender quota, peace building, capacity building, post-conflict country
language
English
id
8907669
date added to LUP
2018-04-27 10:09:32
date last changed
2018-04-27 10:09:32
@misc{8907669,
  abstract     = {Why are there only 21% female politicians in the highest decision-making body,
the Parliamentary Assembly, in Bosnia & Herzegovina, when there has been
established a law that requires a 40% quota of gender representation in these
positions?
Because of all the laws and regulating documents that have been determined by
the state to improve the gender inequality issue, it can fairly be claimed that the
top-down approach is deficient in this area. That is why I am going to analyse the
importance of NGOs in gender equality development and therefore focus on a
bottom-up approach as a theory. I am going to have an anthropological feminism
perspective during my thesis, which will help me clarify the importance of gender
symmetry and that the development has to be approached through social norms
instead of laws and policies. In this explanatory single case study I am going to do
a process tracing to find out the causal mechanisms between my dependent
variable Y, which is the underrepresentation of women on decision-making
positions, and the bottom-up approach X. I have chosen implications from my
empirical material, which I will be testing by putting them against my evidence in
my analysis to confirm why the bottom-up approach explains my Y. My primary
material consists of reports and documents from EU and UN, government
documents such as laws and regulations and lastly e-mail conversations I have had
with some of the NGOs that are the foundation to my evidence material. The
conclusion to my research question to why women are underrepresented in
decision-making positions is because of an ineffective approach to the gender
issue so far. Gender stereotypes and cultural norms permeate the high political
positions and are preventing women for making changes for themselves.},
  author       = {Cudic, Daniela},
  keyword      = {gender equality,Bosnia and Herzegovina,female underrepresentation,gender quota,peace building,capacity building,post-conflict country},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Gender Equality Deficienacy - Underrepresentation of women in decision-making levels in Bosnia and Herzegovina},
  year         = {2017},
}