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Miljörelaterad hälsoenkät i Landskrona 2017

Ahmed, Awara LU (2017) MVEM03 20171
Studies in Environmental Science
Abstract (Swedish)
The relationship between the indoor environment and health is complex as people in modern societies spend more than 90% of their time indoors. Long -time and follow-up assessment of indoor environmental quality is important in reference to the health and wellbeing of those who occupy space within it. Physical factors such as temperature, air drag, noise and lighting affect our health and well-being.
The main purpose of this survey was to do a follow-up the health state of residents in Landskrona with respect to various factors such as their indoor climate. In addition, we asked residents if they were aware of the existence of the Local Authority of Environmental Health and if so, had been in contact with the authority. As in previous... (More)
The relationship between the indoor environment and health is complex as people in modern societies spend more than 90% of their time indoors. Long -time and follow-up assessment of indoor environmental quality is important in reference to the health and wellbeing of those who occupy space within it. Physical factors such as temperature, air drag, noise and lighting affect our health and well-being.
The main purpose of this survey was to do a follow-up the health state of residents in Landskrona with respect to various factors such as their indoor climate. In addition, we asked residents if they were aware of the existence of the Local Authority of Environmental Health and if so, had been in contact with the authority. As in previous environmental health surveys, 700 residents in Landskrona were asked to complete this year's survey during March-April 2017. A total of 302 persons (43%) answered the survey. The result showed that 38% of the residents had problems with moisture damage in the home and 15% of the residents had problem with mould.
While 65% of the residents were aware of the existence of the Local Authority of Environmental Health, 84% had never established contact.
The results indicate that most indoor problems were related to mould, noise or temperature and have increased compared to the last survey. In addition, health problems were more frequent in apartment buildings than in detached houses.
It is difficult to evaluate the effect of preventive inspections on the indoor environment, since the survey was sent randomly to residents in Landskrona and not only to those who were inspected during the last 5 years. (Less)
Popular Abstract
Människor i dagens moderna samhälle spenderar cirka 90 % sin tid inomhus. Därför är inomhusmiljön väldigt viktig för hälsa och välbefinnande. Faktorer i inomhusmiljön som påverkar vår hälsa kan vara temperatur, luftdrag, ljud och ljus.
Huvudsyftet med denna undersökning var att följa upp hälsotillståndet för invånarna i Landskrona kommun med avseende på olika faktorer om deras inomhusmiljö. Vi var också intresserade av ifall Landskronaborna kände till Miljöförvaltningen och ifall dom hade haft kontakt med förvaltningen. Tidigare har Landskrona kommuns miljöförvaltning skickat ut enkätundersökningar för att undersöka hur det står till med inomhusmiljön i kommunen. En standardiserad enkätundersökning skickades ut till 700 personer och vi... (More)
Människor i dagens moderna samhälle spenderar cirka 90 % sin tid inomhus. Därför är inomhusmiljön väldigt viktig för hälsa och välbefinnande. Faktorer i inomhusmiljön som påverkar vår hälsa kan vara temperatur, luftdrag, ljud och ljus.
Huvudsyftet med denna undersökning var att följa upp hälsotillståndet för invånarna i Landskrona kommun med avseende på olika faktorer om deras inomhusmiljö. Vi var också intresserade av ifall Landskronaborna kände till Miljöförvaltningen och ifall dom hade haft kontakt med förvaltningen. Tidigare har Landskrona kommuns miljöförvaltning skickat ut enkätundersökningar för att undersöka hur det står till med inomhusmiljön i kommunen. En standardiserad enkätundersökning skickades ut till 700 personer och vi fick svar av ca 300 personer som delades upp i lägenheter och småhus.
Resultaten visade att de flesta inomhusproblem var relaterade till fuktskador (38 %), mögel (15 %), buller (30 %) eller hög/låg temperatur. Mina resultat visade att inomhusproblemen har ökat jämfört med den senaste undersökningen. Dessutom var hälsoproblem oftare i bostadshus än i villor. Mögelskador i inomhusmiljön visades också vara större hos låginkomsttagare och utrikesfödda.
Det är svårt att utvärdera och förebygga effekten av förebyggande inspektioner med bara självrapporterade svar från slumpmässigt utvalda hushåll. Men min undersökning visar att förebyggande inspektioner bör göras oftare och fokusera mera på lägenhetskomplex i utsatta områden. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Ahmed, Awara LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Undersökning av inomhusmiljö och hälsa
course
MVEM03 20171
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
Hälsoenkät, inomhusmiljö, inomhusvistelse, hälsorelaterad problem, enkät, lägenheter
language
Swedish
id
8913377
date added to LUP
2017-06-14 11:59:48
date last changed
2017-06-14 11:59:48
@misc{8913377,
  abstract     = {The relationship between the indoor environment and health is complex as people in modern societies spend more than 90% of their time indoors. Long -time and follow-up assessment of indoor environmental quality is important in reference to the health and wellbeing of those who occupy space within it. Physical factors such as temperature, air drag, noise and lighting affect our health and well-being.
The main purpose of this survey was to do a follow-up the health state of residents in Landskrona with respect to various factors such as their indoor climate. In addition, we asked residents if they were aware of the existence of the Local Authority of Environmental Health and if so, had been in contact with the authority. As in previous environmental health surveys, 700 residents in Landskrona were asked to complete this year's survey during March-April 2017. A total of 302 persons (43%) answered the survey. The result showed that 38% of the residents had problems with moisture damage in the home and 15% of the residents had problem with mould.
While 65% of the residents were aware of the existence of the Local Authority of Environmental Health, 84% had never established contact.
The results indicate that most indoor problems were related to mould, noise or temperature and have increased compared to the last survey. In addition, health problems were more frequent in apartment buildings than in detached houses.
It is difficult to evaluate the effect of preventive inspections on the indoor environment, since the survey was sent randomly to residents in Landskrona and not only to those who were inspected during the last 5 years.},
  author       = {Ahmed, Awara},
  keyword      = {Hälsoenkät,inomhusmiljö,inomhusvistelse,hälsorelaterad problem,enkät,lägenheter},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Miljörelaterad hälsoenkät i Landskrona 2017},
  year         = {2017},
}