Advanced

Causes of the gender pay gap: the role of workplace environment

Mazur, Karolina LU (2017) EKHS01 20171
Department of Economic History
Abstract
Over the past four decades women managed to considerably improve their situation in the labor market compared to men. However, women still earn on average considerably less than men in most countries in the world. Although literature investigating this topic is extensive, it does not provide with a full answer for the question: what is the gender pay gap caused by? Even though socio-demographic individual characteristics explain most of the gap, there is still unexplained part of the gap persisting, which is contributed either to omitted variables or gender discrimination. The aim of this study is to investigate whether workplace environment characteristics could be omitted in previous research and whether they contribute to a decrease of... (More)
Over the past four decades women managed to considerably improve their situation in the labor market compared to men. However, women still earn on average considerably less than men in most countries in the world. Although literature investigating this topic is extensive, it does not provide with a full answer for the question: what is the gender pay gap caused by? Even though socio-demographic individual characteristics explain most of the gap, there is still unexplained part of the gap persisting, which is contributed either to omitted variables or gender discrimination. The aim of this study is to investigate whether workplace environment characteristics could be omitted in previous research and whether they contribute to a decrease of unexplained part of the gender pay gap. This study suggests that men and women are provided with workplace environment of similar quality, however, men are better compensated for being exposed to negative work environment factors. In order to achieve the aim of this study, six variables describing workplace environment were added to set of control variables and Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition was conducted. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Mazur, Karolina LU
supervisor
organization
course
EKHS01 20171
year
type
H1 - Master's Degree (One Year)
subject
keywords
wage differentials, gender inequality, labor market
language
English
id
8916218
date added to LUP
2017-06-29 13:45:14
date last changed
2017-06-29 13:45:14
@misc{8916218,
  abstract     = {Over the past four decades women managed to considerably improve their situation in the labor market compared to men. However, women still earn on average considerably less than men in most countries in the world. Although literature investigating this topic is extensive, it does not provide with a full answer for the question: what is the gender pay gap caused by? Even though socio-demographic individual characteristics explain most of the gap, there is still unexplained part of the gap persisting, which is contributed either to omitted variables or gender discrimination. The aim of this study is to investigate whether workplace environment characteristics could be omitted in previous research and whether they contribute to a decrease of unexplained part of the gender pay gap. This study suggests that men and women are provided with workplace environment of similar quality, however, men are better compensated for being exposed to negative work environment factors. In order to achieve the aim of this study, six variables describing workplace environment were added to set of control variables and Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition was conducted.},
  author       = {Mazur, Karolina},
  keyword      = {wage differentials,gender inequality,labor market},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Causes of the gender pay gap: the role of workplace environment},
  year         = {2017},
}