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Disciplining Tionghoa : Critical Discourse Analysis of News Media During Indonesia’s New Order

Thaniago, Roy LU (2017) MKVM13 20171
Media and Communication Studies
Abstract (Swedish)
Indonesia has a history of hundreds of years revolving around the racism against its 3% Chinese ethnic minority—who are also known as Tionghoa. This circumstance engenders the racial-social order that has been shaping the attitudes and behaviours of the Chinese, both individually and collectively, in social, cultural, and political realms. The Chinese have become self-controlled and self-regulated individuals. They regulate themselves for neither talking about politics nor expressing their cultural identity. This study argues that such a historical trajectory has been, in the Foucauldian sense, disciplining them to be docile. 

This study is an attempt to shed light on how and in what sense power produces the disciplined Tionghoa. By... (More)
Indonesia has a history of hundreds of years revolving around the racism against its 3% Chinese ethnic minority—who are also known as Tionghoa. This circumstance engenders the racial-social order that has been shaping the attitudes and behaviours of the Chinese, both individually and collectively, in social, cultural, and political realms. The Chinese have become self-controlled and self-regulated individuals. They regulate themselves for neither talking about politics nor expressing their cultural identity. This study argues that such a historical trajectory has been, in the Foucauldian sense, disciplining them to be docile. 

This study is an attempt to shed light on how and in what sense power produces the disciplined Tionghoa. By analysing 134 news reports in two Indonesian news media, Kompas and Tempo, published in 1966, 1976, and 1986, this study seeks for discourses in the news media that is believed to contribute in the construction of Tionghoa identity aimed at disciplining them. By employing Critical Discourse Analysis, the news reports are treated not just as reflection of the social world but also as social practices fashioning the social world. This study puts forward the claim that the racial-social order is produced and maintained not only because of structural factors like economy and politic, but also it is fundamentally caused by the cultural factor that is invested and manifested in language. 

This study has led to conclude that the scheme of disciplining Tionghoa is performed by implanting the projection of the desired-self of Tionghoa through the discourse. Thus, being disciplined have become desirable for the Tionghoa themselves. (Less)
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author
Thaniago, Roy LU
supervisor
organization
course
MKVM13 20171
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Tionghoa, Chinese-Indonesian, Foucault, disciplinary power, critical discourse analysis, identity, news media, the New Order
language
English
id
8916918
date added to LUP
2017-10-11 12:43:23
date last changed
2017-10-11 12:43:23
@misc{8916918,
  abstract     = {Indonesia has a history of hundreds of years revolving around the racism against its 3% Chinese ethnic minority—who are also known as Tionghoa. This circumstance engenders the racial-social order that has been shaping the attitudes and behaviours of the Chinese, both individually and collectively, in social, cultural, and political realms. The Chinese have become self-controlled and self-regulated individuals. They regulate themselves for neither talking about politics nor expressing their cultural identity. This study argues that such a historical trajectory has been, in the Foucauldian sense, disciplining them to be docile. 

This study is an attempt to shed light on how and in what sense power produces the disciplined Tionghoa. By analysing 134 news reports in two Indonesian news media, Kompas and Tempo, published in 1966, 1976, and 1986, this study seeks for discourses in the news media that is believed to contribute in the construction of Tionghoa identity aimed at disciplining them. By employing Critical Discourse Analysis, the news reports are treated not just as reflection of the social world but also as social practices fashioning the social world. This study puts forward the claim that the racial-social order is produced and maintained not only because of structural factors like economy and politic, but also it is fundamentally caused by the cultural factor that is invested and manifested in language. 

This study has led to conclude that the scheme of disciplining Tionghoa is performed by implanting the projection of the desired-self of Tionghoa through the discourse. Thus, being disciplined have become desirable for the Tionghoa themselves.},
  author       = {Thaniago, Roy},
  keyword      = {Tionghoa,Chinese-Indonesian,Foucault,disciplinary power,critical discourse analysis,identity,news media,the New Order},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Disciplining Tionghoa : Critical Discourse Analysis of News Media During Indonesia’s New Order},
  year         = {2017},
}