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Begreppet brottslig culpa - En jämförelse mellan svensk och tysk doktrin ca.1900-1933

Sjöborg, Patrick LU (2017) JURM02 20171
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
Criminal negligence and the concept of negligence have been a topic for intense discussion and shifting treatment. During the early twentieth century, criminal law underwent major changes, and different thoughts and ideas were presented regarding punishment and its function in society, and within these theories a great work of legal science was conducted. Within this framework, it is interesting to see how the concept of negligence was dealt with in German and Swedish doctrine and to see how the different penal theories influenced the view of the punishment of crime via negligence, and how the Swedish doctrine was influenced by the German. This is especially interesting since the concept and its punishment is handled by Binding and von... (More)
Criminal negligence and the concept of negligence have been a topic for intense discussion and shifting treatment. During the early twentieth century, criminal law underwent major changes, and different thoughts and ideas were presented regarding punishment and its function in society, and within these theories a great work of legal science was conducted. Within this framework, it is interesting to see how the concept of negligence was dealt with in German and Swedish doctrine and to see how the different penal theories influenced the view of the punishment of crime via negligence, and how the Swedish doctrine was influenced by the German. This is especially interesting since the concept and its punishment is handled by Binding and von Liszt, and Hagströmer and Thyrén. A comparison between the two countries' doctrine shows similarities between how the concept has been defined and how a person should have acted in order not to be guilty of a crime through negligence. In the same fashion, there are similarities between the two countries' legal systems views on the criminality of negligence.

It can be concluded that similarities exist between the conceptual definition in the two countries doctrine and in the motive for the punishment of negligence. However, it is difficult for this investigation to prove a general or direct line of influence, but in many ways regarding the subject of negligence's punishment, it seems instead that it has been based on which penal theoretical school the originator of the concept belonged to. For the Swedish doctrine, therefore, the sociological school and Franz von Liszt seem to have been of great significance in the early twentieth century for the punishment of negligence. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Brottslig culpa och begreppet oaktsamhet har varit ett ämne för intensiv diskussion och skiftande behandling. Under nittonhundratalets början undergick straffrätten stora förändringar och olika tankar och idéer fanns kring straff och dess funktion i samhället och inom dessa teoribildningar fördes ett stort rättsvetenskapligt arbete. Inom ramarna för detta är det intressant att se hur begreppet oaktsamhet behandlats i tysk och svensk doktrin och se hur de olika straffrättsteoretiska strömningarna påverkat synen på oaktsamhetsbrottets straffbarhet, och hur den svenska doktrinen påverkats av den tyska. Detta är speciellt intressant då behandlingen av begreppet och straffbarheten behandlas av Binding och von Liszt, och Hagströmer och Thyrén.... (More)
Brottslig culpa och begreppet oaktsamhet har varit ett ämne för intensiv diskussion och skiftande behandling. Under nittonhundratalets början undergick straffrätten stora förändringar och olika tankar och idéer fanns kring straff och dess funktion i samhället och inom dessa teoribildningar fördes ett stort rättsvetenskapligt arbete. Inom ramarna för detta är det intressant att se hur begreppet oaktsamhet behandlats i tysk och svensk doktrin och se hur de olika straffrättsteoretiska strömningarna påverkat synen på oaktsamhetsbrottets straffbarhet, och hur den svenska doktrinen påverkats av den tyska. Detta är speciellt intressant då behandlingen av begreppet och straffbarheten behandlas av Binding och von Liszt, och Hagströmer och Thyrén. En jämförelse mellan de båda ländernas doktrin visar likheter mellan hur begreppet har definierats och hur en person ska ha agerat för att inte göra sig skyldig för ett oaktsamhetsbrott. På samma sätt finns likheter mellan de båda rättsordningarnas åsikter om oaktsamhetens straffbarhet.

Det kan konstateras att likheter finns mellan de båda ländernas doktriners begreppsdefinition och motivet för straffbarheten av oaktsamheten. Dock så är det för denna undersökning svårt att bevisa någon generell eller direkt påverkanslinje, utan i mångt och mycket när det gäller motivet för oaktsamhetens straffbarhet så tycks detta istället ha grundat sig i vilken straffrättsteoretisk skola upphovsmannen för begreppsdefinitionen tillhörde. För den svenska doktrinen tycks därför den sociologiska skolan och Franz von Liszt ha haft stor betydelse under början av nittonhundratalet för oaktsamhetens straffbarhet. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Sjöborg, Patrick LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
The concept of criminal negligence - A comparison between Swedish and German doctrine ca. 1900-1933.
course
JURM02 20171
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
komparativ rätt:rättshistoria:oaktsamhet:brottslig culpa
language
Swedish
id
8922313
date added to LUP
2017-08-25 09:08:15
date last changed
2017-08-25 09:08:15
@misc{8922313,
  abstract     = {Criminal negligence and the concept of negligence have been a topic for intense discussion and shifting treatment. During the early twentieth century, criminal law underwent major changes, and different thoughts and ideas were presented regarding punishment and its function in society, and within these theories a great work of legal science was conducted. Within this framework, it is interesting to see how the concept of negligence was dealt with in German and Swedish doctrine and to see how the different penal theories influenced the view of the punishment of crime via negligence, and how the Swedish doctrine was influenced by the German. This is especially interesting since the concept and its punishment is handled by Binding and von Liszt, and Hagströmer and Thyrén. A comparison between the two countries' doctrine shows similarities between how the concept has been defined and how a person should have acted in order not to be guilty of a crime through negligence. In the same fashion, there are similarities between the two countries' legal systems views on the criminality of negligence.

It can be concluded that similarities exist between the conceptual definition in the two countries doctrine and in the motive for the punishment of negligence. However, it is difficult for this investigation to prove a general or direct line of influence, but in many ways regarding the subject of negligence's punishment, it seems instead that it has been based on which penal theoretical school the originator of the concept belonged to. For the Swedish doctrine, therefore, the sociological school and Franz von Liszt seem to have been of great significance in the early twentieth century for the punishment of negligence.},
  author       = {Sjöborg, Patrick},
  keyword      = {komparativ rätt:rättshistoria:oaktsamhet:brottslig culpa},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Begreppet brottslig culpa - En jämförelse mellan svensk och tysk doktrin ca.1900-1933},
  year         = {2017},
}