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Victims, Exotic Warriors or Heroines? Framing the motivations of Kurdish female fighters in the war against Islamic State

Eskandari, Bafrin LU (2018) MKVM13 20181
Media and Communication Studies
Abstract
This thesis focuses on investigating how the three British newspapers, The Guardian, The Telegraph and the BBC News, frame the motivations of the Kurdish female fighters joining armed forces in the war against Islamic State. It also explores, what are the reasons behind these portrayals and in what ways Kurdish female fighters challenge the existing discourse of Middle Eastern women.

In order to accomplish this, a framing analysis with a qualitative content analysis approach was employed to explore the thematic and visual units in the collected 34 articles. Later, the data was analysed using postcolonial theories such as orientalism and standpoint theory, as well as mediatisation, which plays an important role in creating the frames... (More)
This thesis focuses on investigating how the three British newspapers, The Guardian, The Telegraph and the BBC News, frame the motivations of the Kurdish female fighters joining armed forces in the war against Islamic State. It also explores, what are the reasons behind these portrayals and in what ways Kurdish female fighters challenge the existing discourse of Middle Eastern women.

In order to accomplish this, a framing analysis with a qualitative content analysis approach was employed to explore the thematic and visual units in the collected 34 articles. Later, the data was analysed using postcolonial theories such as orientalism and standpoint theory, as well as mediatisation, which plays an important role in creating the frames and the stereotypes which influence how Middle Eastern or Muslim women are portrayed and perceived.

This research shows that, representation of Kurdish female fighters is still very much homogenised and simplified in the media. The analysis reveals that although the Kurdish female fighters are presented as brave and logical fighters, they are constantly framed though their physical appearances and family connections, thus taking the focus away from the fighters’ ideological and political motivations. (Less)
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author
Eskandari, Bafrin LU
supervisor
organization
course
MKVM13 20181
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Kurdish female fighters, YPG, YPJ, PKK, Peshmerga, Media, Motivation, Framing, Orientalism, Women, Middle East, Political violence, Islamic State
language
English
id
8939596
date added to LUP
2018-06-15 13:50:18
date last changed
2018-06-15 13:50:18
@misc{8939596,
  abstract     = {This thesis focuses on investigating how the three British newspapers, The Guardian, The Telegraph and the BBC News, frame the motivations of the Kurdish female fighters joining armed forces in the war against Islamic State. It also explores, what are the reasons behind these portrayals and in what ways Kurdish female fighters challenge the existing discourse of Middle Eastern women. 

In order to accomplish this, a framing analysis with a qualitative content analysis approach was employed to explore the thematic and visual units in the collected 34 articles. Later, the data was analysed using postcolonial theories such as orientalism and standpoint theory, as well as mediatisation, which plays an important role in creating the frames and the stereotypes which influence how Middle Eastern or Muslim women are portrayed and perceived.

This research shows that, representation of Kurdish female fighters is still very much homogenised and simplified in the media. The analysis reveals that although the Kurdish female fighters are presented as brave and logical fighters, they are constantly framed though their physical appearances and family connections, thus taking the focus away from the fighters’ ideological and political motivations.},
  author       = {Eskandari, Bafrin},
  keyword      = {Kurdish female fighters,YPG,YPJ,PKK,Peshmerga,Media,Motivation,Framing,Orientalism,Women,Middle East,Political violence,Islamic State},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Victims, Exotic Warriors or Heroines? Framing the motivations of Kurdish female fighters in the war against Islamic State},
  year         = {2018},
}