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Aerotropolis: At what cost, to whom? An analysis of social and environmental impacts of New Yogyakarta International Airport (NYIA) project, Indonesia

Edita, Ellen Putri LU (2019) In Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science MESM02 20191
LUCSUS (Lund University Centre for Sustainability Studies)
Abstract
Following the idea of aerotropolis, New Yogyakarta International Airport (NYIA) was initiated under Masterplan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development to strongly promote the role of Yogyakarta as part of the economic and tourism centers in Indonesia. However, the establishment of this national strategic project is not without controversy. Groups of local people refused to be displaced because the airport development was built on their agricultural land, which served as the main source of livelihood for them. This project also raised environmental concern since there was a delay in its environmental permit. Using urban political ecology framework, this research investigates the connection between social and... (More)
Following the idea of aerotropolis, New Yogyakarta International Airport (NYIA) was initiated under Masterplan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development to strongly promote the role of Yogyakarta as part of the economic and tourism centers in Indonesia. However, the establishment of this national strategic project is not without controversy. Groups of local people refused to be displaced because the airport development was built on their agricultural land, which served as the main source of livelihood for them. This project also raised environmental concern since there was a delay in its environmental permit. Using urban political ecology framework, this research investigates the connection between social and environmental impacts of the aerotropolis development in the region and the driving forces behind the decision to establish the project.
Findings reveal that aerotropolis project leads to local people suffer from displacement, relocation, poor compensation, and lost livelihoods as well as identity as farmers. The aerotropolis expansion also potentially sparks water shortage issue and shoreline changes because a lot of infrastructures will be developed to support the area. The social and environmental impacts in this area are driven by neoliberalism practice, which is performed by government of Indonesia through the involvement in bigger connectivity network and the implementation of public private partnership mechanism to support infrastructure developments.
Aerotropolis project from NYIA development, which was initially planned to reduce the high economic gap in Special Region of Yogyakarta province seems to exacerbate the existing condition. In the end, people who cannot follow the rhythm of urbanization that is created from this project will remain marginalized because they are left without any choice. Meanwhile, some other people will gain more economic benefit since NYIA will become an international gateway for more investment to come. (Less)
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author
Edita, Ellen Putri LU
supervisor
organization
course
MESM02 20191
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
aerotropolis, infrastructure development, economic growth, socio-environmental impacts, Sustainability Science, Indonesia
publication/series
Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science
report number
2019:032
language
English
id
8980037
date added to LUP
2019-06-10 10:45:41
date last changed
2019-06-10 10:45:41
@misc{8980037,
  abstract     = {Following the idea of aerotropolis, New Yogyakarta International Airport (NYIA) was initiated under Masterplan for Acceleration and Expansion of Indonesia’s Economic Development to strongly promote the role of Yogyakarta as part of the economic and tourism centers in Indonesia. However, the establishment of this national strategic project is not without controversy. Groups of local people refused to be displaced because the airport development was built on their agricultural land, which served as the main source of livelihood for them. This project also raised environmental concern since there was a delay in its environmental permit. Using urban political ecology framework, this research investigates the connection between social and environmental impacts of the aerotropolis development in the region and the driving forces behind the decision to establish the project. 
Findings reveal that aerotropolis project leads to local people suffer from displacement, relocation, poor compensation, and lost livelihoods as well as identity as farmers. The aerotropolis expansion also potentially sparks water shortage issue and shoreline changes because a lot of infrastructures will be developed to support the area. The social and environmental impacts in this area are driven by neoliberalism practice, which is performed by government of Indonesia through the involvement in bigger connectivity network and the implementation of public private partnership mechanism to support infrastructure developments. 
Aerotropolis project from NYIA development, which was initially planned to reduce the high economic gap in Special Region of Yogyakarta province seems to exacerbate the existing condition. In the end, people who cannot follow the rhythm of urbanization that is created from this project will remain marginalized because they are left without any choice. Meanwhile, some other people will gain more economic benefit since NYIA will become an international gateway for more investment to come.},
  author       = {Edita, Ellen Putri},
  keyword      = {aerotropolis,infrastructure development,economic growth,socio-environmental impacts,Sustainability Science,Indonesia},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  series       = {Master Thesis Series in Environmental Studies and Sustainability Science},
  title        = {Aerotropolis: At what cost, to whom? An analysis of social and environmental impacts of New Yogyakarta International Airport (NYIA) project, Indonesia},
  year         = {2019},
}