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Analogisk överföring hos små barn: direkt, försenad och predicerad av kognitiva förmågor

Torstensson, Klara LU and Sahlström, Johan LU (2019) PSPR14 20191
Department of Psychology
Abstract
Analogical transfer was studied in preschool children (24 months to 55 months) with a factorial cross sectional design. Analogical transfer was tested directly after learning and one day later, using a visuospatial task. The cognitive abilities working memory, inhibition, self-regulation and verbal intelligence was assessed. The hypotheses were that more children would pass the direct condition than the delayed one, that older children would perform better at the delayed condition than younger ones and that all the cognitive abilities would correlate and be able to predict success in analogical transfer. The results showed that children younger than 2.5 years were unable to pass the analogical transfer task. Besides that there were no age... (More)
Analogical transfer was studied in preschool children (24 months to 55 months) with a factorial cross sectional design. Analogical transfer was tested directly after learning and one day later, using a visuospatial task. The cognitive abilities working memory, inhibition, self-regulation and verbal intelligence was assessed. The hypotheses were that more children would pass the direct condition than the delayed one, that older children would perform better at the delayed condition than younger ones and that all the cognitive abilities would correlate and be able to predict success in analogical transfer. The results showed that children younger than 2.5 years were unable to pass the analogical transfer task. Besides that there were no age effects, and overall no difference between direct and delayed transfer. Factor analysis showed two factors: working memory, inhibition and verbal intelligence in one and self-regulation in another. The results indicated that inhibition was the best measurement to predict analogical transfer. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Analogisk överföring undersöktes hos förskolebarn (24 månader till 55 månader) med en faktoriell tvärsnittsdesign. Analogisk överföring testades direkt efter inlärning eller ett dygn senare med en visuo-spatial uppgift. Vidare testades de kognitiva förmågorna arbetsminne, inhibering, självreglering och verbal intelligens. Studiens hypoteser var att fler barn skulle klara den direkta överföringen än den försenade och att äldre barn skulle klara den försenade överföringen bättre än yngre, samt att kognitiva förmågor skulle korrelera med varandra och kunna predicera analogisk överföring. Resultaten visade att barn under 2,5 år inte var kapabla till analogisk överföring, men inga andra åldersskillnader framkom. Inte heller uppstod någon... (More)
Analogisk överföring undersöktes hos förskolebarn (24 månader till 55 månader) med en faktoriell tvärsnittsdesign. Analogisk överföring testades direkt efter inlärning eller ett dygn senare med en visuo-spatial uppgift. Vidare testades de kognitiva förmågorna arbetsminne, inhibering, självreglering och verbal intelligens. Studiens hypoteser var att fler barn skulle klara den direkta överföringen än den försenade och att äldre barn skulle klara den försenade överföringen bättre än yngre, samt att kognitiva förmågor skulle korrelera med varandra och kunna predicera analogisk överföring. Resultaten visade att barn under 2,5 år inte var kapabla till analogisk överföring, men inga andra åldersskillnader framkom. Inte heller uppstod någon skillnad mellan direkt och försenad analogisk överföring. Faktoranalys visade att arbetsminne, inhibering och verbal förmåga bildade en faktor, medan självreglering bildade en egen faktor. Resultaten indikerade att inhibering var det bästa måttet för att predicera analogisk överföring. (Less)
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
Torstensson, Klara LU and Sahlström, Johan LU
supervisor
organization
course
PSPR14 20191
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
analogical transfer, executive function, working memory, self-regulation, g-factor
language
Swedish
id
8985449
date added to LUP
2019-06-18 17:47:59
date last changed
2019-06-18 17:47:59
@misc{8985449,
  abstract     = {Analogical transfer was studied in preschool children (24 months to 55 months) with a factorial cross sectional design. Analogical transfer was tested directly after learning and one day later, using a visuospatial task. The cognitive abilities working memory, inhibition, self-regulation and verbal intelligence was assessed. The hypotheses were that more children would pass the direct condition than the delayed one, that older children would perform better at the delayed condition than younger ones and that all the cognitive abilities would correlate and be able to predict success in analogical transfer. The results showed that children younger than 2.5 years were unable to pass the analogical transfer task. Besides that there were no age effects, and overall no difference between direct and delayed transfer. Factor analysis showed two factors: working memory, inhibition and verbal intelligence in one and self-regulation in another. The results indicated that inhibition was the best measurement to predict analogical transfer.},
  author       = {Torstensson, Klara and Sahlström, Johan},
  keyword      = {analogical transfer,executive function,working memory,self-regulation,g-factor},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Analogisk överföring hos små barn: direkt, försenad och predicerad av kognitiva förmågor},
  year         = {2019},
}