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Cashew: the golden fruit? A macro analysis on the cashew monoculture in Guinea-Bissau and the barriers to promote agricultural diversification from a policy implementation perspective

Michels Kieling, Luisa LU (2019) MIDM19 20191
Department of Human Geography
LUMID International Master programme in applied International Development and Management
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to explore the need for horizontal agricultural diversification in Guinea-Bissau (given the prominence of cashew crop monoculture in place in the country), how horizontal agricultural diversification is intended and planned by the current policies and what are the factors that hinder the implementation of such policies. A case study research strategy was selected to develop the study, using a qualitative approach. Findings and analysis were based on literature review and in-depth interviews with the main stakeholders involved in agricultural policy implementation in Guinea-Bissau: the government, international donors, and NGOs. Findings reveal that all public policies analysed call for diversification,... (More)
The purpose of this study is to explore the need for horizontal agricultural diversification in Guinea-Bissau (given the prominence of cashew crop monoculture in place in the country), how horizontal agricultural diversification is intended and planned by the current policies and what are the factors that hinder the implementation of such policies. A case study research strategy was selected to develop the study, using a qualitative approach. Findings and analysis were based on literature review and in-depth interviews with the main stakeholders involved in agricultural policy implementation in Guinea-Bissau: the government, international donors, and NGOs. Findings reveal that all public policies analysed call for diversification, recognize the need to decrease the dependency on cashew nuts and set strategies to diversify the agricultural sector. However, the content of such policies is still mostly focused on the two biggest and most traditional sectors – cashew and rice. Additionally, the findings of the thesis suggest that the implementation of such policies is hindered by a diverse set of reasons, mostly of which seem to be interrelated, including the lack of financial and human resources, the vague nature of the policies, the national and current political instability, and the lack of coordination concerning actions that are implemented by external institutions on the ground. (Less)
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author
Michels Kieling, Luisa LU
supervisor
organization
course
MIDM19 20191
year
type
H2 - Master's Degree (Two Years)
subject
keywords
Agricultural diversification, horizontal diversification, monoeconomies, policy implementation, Guinea-Bissau
language
English
id
8992426
date added to LUP
2019-10-17 13:37:46
date last changed
2019-10-17 13:37:46
@misc{8992426,
  abstract     = {The purpose of this study is to explore the need for horizontal agricultural diversification in Guinea-Bissau (given the prominence of cashew crop monoculture in place in the country), how horizontal agricultural diversification is intended and planned by the current policies and what are the factors that hinder the implementation of such policies. A case study research strategy was selected to develop the study, using a qualitative approach. Findings and analysis were based on literature review and in-depth interviews with the main stakeholders involved in agricultural policy implementation in Guinea-Bissau: the government, international donors, and NGOs. Findings reveal that all public policies analysed call for diversification, recognize the need to decrease the dependency on cashew nuts and set strategies to diversify the agricultural sector. However, the content of such policies is still mostly focused on the two biggest and most traditional sectors – cashew and rice. Additionally, the findings of the thesis suggest that the implementation of such policies is hindered by a diverse set of reasons, mostly of which seem to be interrelated, including the lack of financial and human resources, the vague nature of the policies, the national and current political instability, and the lack of coordination concerning actions that are implemented by external institutions on the ground.},
  author       = {Michels Kieling, Luisa},
  keyword      = {Agricultural diversification,horizontal diversification,monoeconomies,policy implementation,Guinea-Bissau},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Cashew: the golden fruit? A macro analysis on the cashew monoculture in Guinea-Bissau and the barriers to promote agricultural diversification from a policy implementation perspective},
  year         = {2019},
}