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Vindkraft - En analys av den kommunala vetorätten

Zerroug Strömstedt, Zackaria LU (2019) LAGF03 20192
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
Climate change is probably our times biggest challenge. A global problem that demands regional solutions tends to be a difficult problem. For Sweden’s part, in the year of 2009, a change of the law regulating the construction of windmills aimed to simplify the process of applying for the necessary permits by making the legal process faster and removing the parallel assessment of environmental impacts in PBL and MB. The changes of the laws were being made to meet certain national and international political goals regarding climate change. The changes of the laws also meant that the municipality would lose its formal influence in the permit application process and therefore a rule was implemented which later came to be called the... (More)
Climate change is probably our times biggest challenge. A global problem that demands regional solutions tends to be a difficult problem. For Sweden’s part, in the year of 2009, a change of the law regulating the construction of windmills aimed to simplify the process of applying for the necessary permits by making the legal process faster and removing the parallel assessment of environmental impacts in PBL and MB. The changes of the laws were being made to meet certain national and international political goals regarding climate change. The changes of the laws also meant that the municipality would lose its formal influence in the permit application process and therefore a rule was implemented which later came to be called the municipality’s veto right. This rule means that the municipality has the power to deny any application to construct a windmill without presenting any justifications. After 10 years of having this veto right it is now possible to assess the problems and shortcomings of the rule. It’s about time we question what values the rule itself protects and which values it sets aside. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Klimatförändringar är sannolikt denna tids största utmaning. Ett globalt problem som fordrar lokala lösningar visar sig vara ett svårlöst problem. För Sveriges del ämnade 2009 års lagändring, avseende tillståndspliktiga vindkraftsetableringar, göra tillståndsprocessen för dessa etableringar enklare, snabbare samt undvika den dubbelprövning av omständigheter som tidigare skett genom PBL och MB. Denna förenkling av tillståndsprocessen genomfördes för att nå vissa nationella och internationella målsättningar inom klimatpolitiken. Förenklingen innebar att kommuner rent formellt skulle förlora en del av deras inflytande i tillståndsprocessen och av den anledningen tillfördes i lagändringen en bestämmelse, som kom att kallas för det kommunala... (More)
Klimatförändringar är sannolikt denna tids största utmaning. Ett globalt problem som fordrar lokala lösningar visar sig vara ett svårlöst problem. För Sveriges del ämnade 2009 års lagändring, avseende tillståndspliktiga vindkraftsetableringar, göra tillståndsprocessen för dessa etableringar enklare, snabbare samt undvika den dubbelprövning av omständigheter som tidigare skett genom PBL och MB. Denna förenkling av tillståndsprocessen genomfördes för att nå vissa nationella och internationella målsättningar inom klimatpolitiken. Förenklingen innebar att kommuner rent formellt skulle förlora en del av deras inflytande i tillståndsprocessen och av den anledningen tillfördes i lagändringen en bestämmelse, som kom att kallas för det kommunala vetot. Bestämmelsen ger kommunen en beslutsrätt att hindra etableringar av vindkraftverk utan att motivera besluten. Efter 10 år med denna vetorätt går det att utvärdera bestämmelsens problem och tillkortakommanden. Det har blivit hög tid att ifrågasätta vilka värden bestämmelsen skyddar och vilka värden den åsidosätter. (Less)
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author
Zerroug Strömstedt, Zackaria LU
supervisor
organization
course
LAGF03 20192
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
processrätt, Miljörätt
language
Swedish
id
8999816
date added to LUP
2020-04-05 13:21:27
date last changed
2020-04-05 13:21:27
@misc{8999816,
  abstract     = {Climate change is probably our times biggest challenge. A global problem that demands regional solutions tends to be a difficult problem. For Sweden’s part, in the year of 2009, a change of the law regulating the construction of windmills aimed to simplify the process of applying for the necessary permits by making the legal process faster and removing the parallel assessment of environmental impacts in PBL and MB. The changes of the laws were being made to meet certain national and international political goals regarding climate change. The changes of the laws also meant that the municipality would lose its formal influence in the permit application process and therefore a rule was implemented which later came to be called the municipality’s veto right. This rule means that the municipality has the power to deny any application to construct a windmill without presenting any justifications. After 10 years of having this veto right it is now possible to assess the problems and shortcomings of the rule. It’s about time we question what values the rule itself protects and which values it sets aside.},
  author       = {Zerroug Strömstedt, Zackaria},
  keyword      = {processrätt,Miljörätt},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Vindkraft - En analys av den kommunala vetorätten},
  year         = {2019},
}