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De sista trälarna: En studie av träldomens avskaffande i Sverige under 1200- och 1300-talet

Björkman, Lina LU (2019) JURM02 20192
Department of Law
Faculty of Law
Abstract
Slavery existed in the Nordic countries until the fourteenth century. There is some debate regarding how old it is and how common it was. However, it is generally regarded that slavery grew less common in Sweden during the thirteenth century and was abolished during the fourteenth century. Traces of slavery can be found in Swedish medieval laws, the so-called Landskapslagarna. Though nearly all of them contained regulations dealing with slavery their content varied. The most liberal of the Swedish medieval laws regarding slavery was Upplandslagen. Several factors contributed to the abolishment of slavery. One important factor was a change in agricultural production. During the thirteenth century a new system using tenants to farm land was... (More)
Slavery existed in the Nordic countries until the fourteenth century. There is some debate regarding how old it is and how common it was. However, it is generally regarded that slavery grew less common in Sweden during the thirteenth century and was abolished during the fourteenth century. Traces of slavery can be found in Swedish medieval laws, the so-called Landskapslagarna. Though nearly all of them contained regulations dealing with slavery their content varied. The most liberal of the Swedish medieval laws regarding slavery was Upplandslagen. Several factors contributed to the abolishment of slavery. One important factor was a change in agricultural production. During the thirteenth century a new system using tenants to farm land was introduced. Other important factors were the growing influence of Christianity, a stronger central government and the creation of a nobility class exempt from taxation. A change in attitude may be observed during the period through which slavery came to be seen as outdated. This is particularly noticeable in Upplandslagen and Södermannalagen, as well as Skarastadgan. (Less)
Abstract (Swedish)
Träldom var en form av slaveri vilken fanns i Norden fram till 1300-talet. I Sverige minskade träldomen troligen i omfattning under 1200-talet och försvann helt i början av 1300-talet. Det är dock oklart hur länge träldomen har funnits i Sverige och hur utbredd den var före medeltiden på grund av bristen på källor. Träldom förbjöds i Västergötland och Värmlands lagsagor 1335 då Skarastadgan utfärdades av Magnus Eriksson. De flesta av landskapslagarna innehåller information om träldom. Det skiljer sig dock mellan lagarna hur trälar behandlas. Den liberalaste av landskapslagarna är Upplandslagen. Ett flertal olika faktorer samverkade till träldomens avskaffande. En av dessa faktorer var att jordbruksproduktionen övergick till en mer... (More)
Träldom var en form av slaveri vilken fanns i Norden fram till 1300-talet. I Sverige minskade träldomen troligen i omfattning under 1200-talet och försvann helt i början av 1300-talet. Det är dock oklart hur länge träldomen har funnits i Sverige och hur utbredd den var före medeltiden på grund av bristen på källor. Träldom förbjöds i Västergötland och Värmlands lagsagor 1335 då Skarastadgan utfärdades av Magnus Eriksson. De flesta av landskapslagarna innehåller information om träldom. Det skiljer sig dock mellan lagarna hur trälar behandlas. Den liberalaste av landskapslagarna är Upplandslagen. Ett flertal olika faktorer samverkade till träldomens avskaffande. En av dessa faktorer var att jordbruksproduktionen övergick till en mer decentraliserad form med mindre gårdar vilka brukades av landbor. Andra viktiga faktorer var centralmaktens allt starkare ställning, framväxten av ett frälse och kristendomens växande inflytande. Under perioden skedde ett skifte där träldomen kom att anses som icke önskvärd. Detta kan ses i vissa av landskapslagarna, främst Upplandslagen och Södermannalagen, samt i Skarastadgans förbud. (Less)
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author
Björkman, Lina LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Sweden's last slaves: The abolition of slavery in Sweden during the thirteenth and fourteenth century
course
JURM02 20192
year
type
H3 - Professional qualifications (4 Years - )
subject
keywords
rättshistoria, legal history, träl, träldom, slaveri, slavery, landskapslagar
language
Swedish
id
9000298
date added to LUP
2020-01-28 09:31:40
date last changed
2020-01-28 09:31:40
@misc{9000298,
  abstract     = {Slavery existed in the Nordic countries until the fourteenth century. There is some debate regarding how old it is and how common it was. However, it is generally regarded that slavery grew less common in Sweden during the thirteenth century and was abolished during the fourteenth century. Traces of slavery can be found in Swedish medieval laws, the so-called Landskapslagarna. Though nearly all of them contained regulations dealing with slavery their content varied. The most liberal of the Swedish medieval laws regarding slavery was Upplandslagen. Several factors contributed to the abolishment of slavery. One important factor was a change in agricultural production. During the thirteenth century a new system using tenants to farm land was introduced. Other important factors were the growing influence of Christianity, a stronger central government and the creation of a nobility class exempt from taxation. A change in attitude may be observed during the period through which slavery came to be seen as outdated. This is particularly noticeable in Upplandslagen and Södermannalagen, as well as Skarastadgan.},
  author       = {Björkman, Lina},
  keyword      = {rättshistoria,legal history,träl,träldom,slaveri,slavery,landskapslagar},
  language     = {swe},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {De sista trälarna: En studie av träldomens avskaffande i Sverige under 1200- och 1300-talet},
  year         = {2019},
}