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Border Externalizations within the European Union and the Accessibility to Seek Asylum - Framing Security within the European Asylum System

Nilsson, Amanda LU (2020) MRSK62 20201
Human Rights Studies
Abstract
The objective of the thesis was to examine howtheEU’snew approach to migration, namely externalizing border controlsinto third countries, fit into the European Union’sasylum framework. Furthermore, what has been analysed is how this process of externalizing borders has changed the opportunities for migrantsto access the asylum procedure. The research question was: How does externalizing the outer borders of the EU fit into the European asylum system and how does this affectthe accessibility to seek asylum? The data consisted of five legal documents, all concerning the asylum procedure and all referred to as important documents to the overall project of asylum within the EU. The data was analysed from a qualitative content analysis where an... (More)
The objective of the thesis was to examine howtheEU’snew approach to migration, namely externalizing border controlsinto third countries, fit into the European Union’sasylum framework. Furthermore, what has been analysed is how this process of externalizing borders has changed the opportunities for migrantsto access the asylum procedure. The research question was: How does externalizing the outer borders of the EU fit into the European asylum system and how does this affectthe accessibility to seek asylum? The data consisted of five legal documents, all concerning the asylum procedure and all referred to as important documents to the overall project of asylum within the EU. The data was analysed from a qualitative content analysis where an inductive approach was used in order toestablishthree major themes, which later constituted the basis of the findings.The findings were analysed in the context of a framing as a means to securitizetheory where the result that emerged from the data was that the EU mainly uses territorial laws on extraterritorial measures. This has proven not to fit into the European asylum system, since it is not extensive enough to deal with the new approach undertaken. The laws usea languageonly emphasising territorial opportunitiesat the same timeas these territorial opportunities are made more difficult to access. (Less)
Popular Abstract (Swedish)
Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka huruvida EU:s nya anfallsvinkel till migration, nämligen externaliseringav gränskontroller in i tredje länder, passar in i den Europeiska Unionens asylramverk. Vad som har analyserats ytterligare varom den här processen av att externalisera gränser har ändrat möjligheterna för migranter att få tillgång till asylprocessen. Forskningsfrågan som användes var: Hur passar externaliseringen av EU:s yttre gränser in i det europeiska asylsystemet och hur påverkardetta möjlighetentillatt söka asyl?Datan utgjordes av fem juridiskadokument, alla rörande asylprocessen ochrefererade till som viktiga dokument för det övergripande syftet avasyl inom EU. Datan analyserades utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där en... (More)
Uppsatsens syfte var att undersöka huruvida EU:s nya anfallsvinkel till migration, nämligen externaliseringav gränskontroller in i tredje länder, passar in i den Europeiska Unionens asylramverk. Vad som har analyserats ytterligare varom den här processen av att externalisera gränser har ändrat möjligheterna för migranter att få tillgång till asylprocessen. Forskningsfrågan som användes var: Hur passar externaliseringen av EU:s yttre gränser in i det europeiska asylsystemet och hur påverkardetta möjlighetentillatt söka asyl?Datan utgjordes av fem juridiskadokument, alla rörande asylprocessen ochrefererade till som viktiga dokument för det övergripande syftet avasyl inom EU. Datan analyserades utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys där en induktiv process användes för att fastställa tre huvudsakliga teman, vilka senare utgjorde grunden för fyndensom redogjordes för. Fyndenanalyserades i den följande sektionen utifrån kontexten av teorin framing as a means to securitize, där resultatet som framträdde av datan var att EU huvudsakligen använder sig av territoriella lagar på extraterritoriella åtgärder. Det här har visat sig inte passa in i det europeiska asylsystemet eftersom ramverketinte är tillräckligt extensivt för att kunna hantera det nya tillvägagångssättet företaget. Lagarnaanvänder sig av ett språk som endast belyser territoriella möjlighetersamtidigt som dessa territoriella möjligheter blir allt svårare att tillgå. (Less)
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author
Nilsson, Amanda LU
supervisor
organization
alternative title
Gränsexternalisering inom Europeiska Unionen och Tillgängligheten att Söka Asyl –Säkerhetens Ramverk inom det Europeiska Asylsystemet
course
MRSK62 20201
year
type
M2 - Bachelor Degree
subject
keywords
The European Union, Migration, Asylum, Externalization, Border Control, Surveillance, Securitization, Jurisdiction
language
English
id
9020731
date added to LUP
2020-08-20 11:20:25
date last changed
2020-08-20 11:20:25
@misc{9020731,
  abstract     = {The objective of the thesis was to examine howtheEU’snew approach to migration, namely externalizing border controlsinto third countries, fit into the European Union’sasylum framework. Furthermore, what has been analysed is how this process of externalizing borders has changed the opportunities for migrantsto access the asylum procedure. The research question was: How does externalizing the outer borders of the EU fit into the European asylum system and how does this affectthe accessibility to seek asylum? The data consisted of five legal documents, all concerning the asylum procedure and all referred to as important documents to the overall project of asylum within the EU. The data was analysed from a qualitative content analysis where an inductive approach was used in order toestablishthree major themes, which later constituted the basis of the findings.The findings were analysed in the context of a framing as a means to securitizetheory where the result that emerged from the data was that the EU mainly uses territorial laws on extraterritorial measures. This has proven not to fit into the European asylum system, since it is not extensive enough to deal with the new approach undertaken. The laws usea languageonly emphasising territorial opportunitiesat the same timeas these territorial opportunities are made more difficult to access.},
  author       = {Nilsson, Amanda},
  keyword      = {The European Union,Migration,Asylum,Externalization,Border Control,Surveillance,Securitization,Jurisdiction},
  language     = {eng},
  note         = {Student Paper},
  title        = {Border Externalizations within the European Union and the Accessibility to Seek Asylum - Framing Security within the European Asylum System},
  year         = {2020},
}